Christian And Islamic Oath Taking As A Prerequiste To Africa Rapid Under Development,Corruption And Insecurity.
|Posted by The Reunion Black Family on April 28, 2014 at 4:40 PM|
Amongst the African people, oaths are promises or statements of fact that call on something that a person or group of persons feels to be sacred and holy, for example, a deity or an ancestral lineage. The idea is that the sacred object or entity witnesses the making of a promise or statement by the person(s). Thus, a person(s) who takes or makes an oath expresses certain vows.
When a person(s) claims an office, chooses to lead a campaign against the enemies of his lineage or marks an occasion of birth or death, it might be done with an explicit statement of swearing before a sacred deity, holy object or entity. One is taking an oath when the idea of a witness, a holy or sacred thing or person(s), is considered to be the foundation of the action.
The African oath is taken before the people and, as such, is a ceremony of great solemnity. How one takes an oath, that is, the physical arrangement of sacred things or the holding of special object, is dependent on the traditions of the African community. Yet it is clear that Africans know that the physical environment or the arrangement of objects is not the oath, but rather the actual making of the statement of promise is the oath. When one says that he or she is taking an oath and implies or says that the witnesses are aware of this oath and that if he or she does not complete or fulfill the task required then the oath is broken, an oath has been made, regardless of whether the person holds an object.
For instance an oath may be made to the royal court of Benin before giving testimony, or an oath may be made by a newly elected or appointed chief, officer or king in Igbo, Zulu, Yoruba or shona societies. One can claim that this is an affirmation, but an affirmation made in a verbal, vocal way before the people is more than a written statement could ever be in the African context.
The concept of the oath is found throughout Africa and is entrenched in the idea that the maker of an oath stand by the fundamental power of the sacred object that represent the deity. An oath acknowledges the truth of what a person says before a witness because it is a serious attestation of the truth of one’s words before the ancestors, the people, or the deities.
One of the classic oaths of the African people is the oath made by Okomfo Anokye, the philosopher and ethical teacher of the Akan people. Standing before Osei Tutu, the new king of Asante, Anokye took one of the swords and said,
"I speak the name of the father of Osei Tutu (his spiritual father, the God Otutu), the great forbidden oath that, if I do not go to this war on which you have sent me forth, or if I go and show my back to the enemy, and if I run away, then I violate the great forbidden oath. If it is a choice between dishonor and death, death is my choice. If I go forward, I die, if I flee, I die of the oath; better to go forward and die in the mouth of battle."
Other oaths are found amongst African societies that have similar structures. Among the Akan, it is also typical to name one’s lineage and to state that one is making the oath before the people when taking the oath of kingship. If one does not follow or renegade against the oath due to fear or selfish interest, then one has violated his ancestors, his God and his people and the prize of renegading against the oath is death which has no escape route. Therefore, the African idea of oath is often connected as the prerequisite to good governance amongst Africans.
Today the bane of Africa's rapid under development, insecurity and corruption dwells solely on the falsehood and reliance on administering oath of office through the christian and islamic religious system.
The current imperialist trend and religious falsehood system has not only misled Africans but has led them into it present economic and spiritual predicament and quagmire which has also broken the fabrics of transparency, justice and togetherness, the fact on ground is that the imperial religious norms of taking/making oath is not only a deceit fallacious and falsehood, its breeds bad leadership, populace and a gateway to corruption.
Currently in some African countries, like in Nigeria for instance the demand for administering oath of office through the traditional system has been raised but pathetically resisted, objected and labeled devilish/evil by imperialist agents or public office holders in order to maintain status quo of bad governance and thievery to the detriment of it people it swore to protect and build basic infrastructures.
Lastly for Africa to thrive and move forward amongst the international community it has to revisit, reclaim and reinstitute it distinct traditional oath system and value, that will not only checkmate bad governance but will also expel or extinguish imperial agents/leaders amongst us, arise Africans.
*picture insert, president Uhuru Kenyatta of Kenya taking an oath of office with the bible on his right hand.
@Pan African Liberatiion
Dear Afrikans.... Q; Is this King James Bible?? Why your leaders are sworn with Bible on their hands??
The Life of King James Who Commissioned the bible as we know it
King James Stuart.June 19, 1566 - March 27, 1625
King of Scotland (1567-1625), and the first Stuart King of England (1603-25), English historians have tended to portray him as a coward and a fussy and foolish pedant: 'The wisest fool in Christendom'. In fact he was reasonably successful in his main goals, increasing national prosperity, maintaining peace with Europe and settling the church. Today, he is remembered for commissioning the so-called King James' Bible, or Authorized Version.
On the west wall of the lodge hall used by Lodge Scoon and Perth No. 3 in Perth, Scotland can be found a mural depicting James VI kneeling at their altar at his initiation. The oldest existing record of the Lodge, called "The Mutual Agreement" of 24 December, 1658, records that James was "entered Freemason and Fellowcraft of the Lodge of Scoon" on 15 April, 1601.
James also appointed William Schaw as Master of the Work and Warden General in 1583, with the commission of re-organising the masonic craft. In 1598, Schaw issued the first of his statutes, setting out the duties of masons to their lodge and to the public, imposing penalties for unsatisfactory work and inadequate safety practices. Schaw drew up a second statute in 1599 wherein the first veiled reference to the existence of esoteric knowledge within the craft of stone masonry can be found.
Initiated: April 15, 1601
Lodge Scoon and Perth No. 3, Perth,
His Successor was King Charles Stuart II AKA "The Black Boy King"
The name of the founding ancestor was Stuart which means Black man.
King Charles Stuart II 1630 – 1685
The eldest surviving son of Charles I and Henrietta Maria of France, daughter of Henry IV of France, the future Charles II was born on 29th May, 1630, at St. James Palace, London,
In 1646, following political crisis, his father Charles I was overthrown by Oliver Cromwell and beheaded. Charles II had to flee for his life through Scotland and on to France after making a weak and symbolic attempt at regaining the Stuart title.
Upon the death of Oliver Cromwell, Charles was recalled back to England by Cromwell’s legatee and son who had no interest in ruling England.
Charles was restored back to the throne and his coronation took place at the traditional venue of Westminster Abbey on 23rd April, 1661.
Written by King James I and published in 1597, the original edition of Demonology is widely regarded as one of the most interesting and controversial religious writings in history, yet because it is written in the language of its day, it has been notoriously difficult to understand. Now occult scholar Donald Tyson has modernized and annotated the original text, making this historically important work accessible to contemporary readers. Also deciphered here, for the first time, is the anonymous tract News from Scotland, an account of the North Berwick witch trials over which King James presided. Tyson examines King James' obsession with witches and their alleged attempts on his life, and offers a knowledgeable and sympathetic look at the details of magick and witchcraft in the Jacobean period. Demonology features historical woodcut illustrations and includes the original old English texts in their entirety. This reference work is the key to an essential source text on seventeenth-century witchcraft and the Scottish witch trials.