We could work together to set a new agenda to restore the stolen pride and peace of Africa continent.
|Posted by The Reunion Black Family on May 27, 2017 at 6:15 PM||comments (2)|
President Kim Il Sungs Immortal Contributions to African Liberation. Immortal Contributions to the African Countries Struggle for National Liberation and Building a New Society Pan-African News Wire
Africa, which, under colonial rule, had been a supply base of fuel and other materials, a place where backwardness and poverty had prevailed, has now become a continent developing on the trajectory of independence, a continent achieving prosperity by its own efforts.
Looking at the new Africa, people recollect with deep emotion the ennobling international obligation, with which President Kim Il Sung indicated by means of the Juche idea the road ahead for achieving the cause of independence of mankind and rendered material and spiritual assistance to the African people in their struggle for national independence and building a new society. President Kim Il Sung led to victory the struggle for national independence in African countries.
When the Algerian people who held high the torchlight of anti-imperialist, anti-colonial armed struggle for the first time in the African continent, called the last refuge by colonialists after the Korean war in the 1950s, he rendered active support to the line of armed struggle advanced by the National Liberation Front of Algeria.
He had unsparing material aid sent to the struggle, and a day of Algeria and a week of Algeria were instituted to express firm solidarity with Algerian people. When the Provisional Government of the Algerian Republic was set up, the government of the DPRK recognized it ahead of other countries and established diplomatic relations with it. In May Juche 64 (1975) he made a historic visit to the far-off Algeria, opening a new chapter for the strengthening of the Non-Aligned Movement and development of relations of friendship and cooperation with African countries and deepening the feelings of fraternity with the leaders and people of the country. The national liberation struggle of the Mozambican people is associated with the international assistance sent by Kim Il Sung. Entering the 1970s, the national liberation struggle in Mozambique confronted a series of difficulties. While groping for a way out, Samora Moises Machel, chairman of the Mozambique Liberation Front (Frelimo) and commander-in-chief of the liberation forces, visited the DPRK in September 1971 to see President Kim Il Sung, who had defeated two imperialist powers. Meeting him, Kim Il Sung instructed that he must not lose initiative however desperate the enemy may be.
He also indicated the ways and means for the struggle by drawing on his own rich experience in the anti-Japanese armed struggle. On his return home, Machel worked as Kim Il Sung had instructed: by building up the internal forces of Frelimo, creating secret guerrilla bases in primeval forests and attacking the enemy by relying on these bases, he always took the initiative in battle. On the day of proclaiming the end of the hundreds of years of colonial rule by imperialists and the complete independence of his country, Machel said: As the great hero Comrade Kim Il Sung indicated the road ahead of us, we were able to cut off the chains that had shackled our forefathers and our legs, free ourselves from the fate of slavery and greet liberation; let us extend the feelings of gratitude, together with those of our forefathers, to him.
He had the most beautiful street in the capital city of Maputo named after Kim Il Sung. Robert Mugabe, president of Zimbabwe, is one of those who learned the iron truth of the revolutionary struggle from President Kim Il Sung. Having launched an armed struggle for the liberation and independence of his country, Mugabe visited the DPRK for the first time in May 1978. After clarifying the detailed ways for hastening the final victory of the revolutionary struggle of the Zimbabwean people, Kim Il Sung told him that he would render assistance to the Zimbabwean people until they emerged victorious in the armed struggle. He then embraced Mugabe and made him presents of a gold watch and pistol inscribed with his autograph, as well as posh clothing materials, saying that on the day of victory he should appear before the people in an attire of a statesman, not in military uniform. When Mugabe, after achieving the independence of his country, visited Pyongyang on the occasion of the Sixth Congress of the Workers Party of Korea, Kim Il Sung promised him that he would have an army that could guarantee the stability of his government built, and then dispatched a delegation to Zimbabwe. The delegation helped building in a short span of time the Zimbabwean army faithful to the ruling party and to the people. Mugabe called this the second victory in the revolution.
Between the late 1960s and the early 1970s, President Kim Il Sung ensured that large amounts of weapons, other military supplies and hard currency were supplied free of charge to the Angolan people in their national liberation struggle and assistance was given to training the Angolan freedom fighters. When Angola was thrown into an internal turmoil after gaining independence, he sent large amounts of military supplies to the Angolan government for the development and victory of its armed forces. President Kim Il Sung rendered the strongest assistance to Egypt whenever it faced great difficulties, including the dispatch of Korean airmen to Egypt during the October War of 1973.
The national liberation struggles of the people of Uganda in the east of the continent and of Namibia on the Atlantic coast are also associated with the hearty assistance rendered by President Kim Il Sung. One must see Comrade Kim Il Sung without fail if one is to wage the revolution this was an injunction that was in vogue on the African continent. In the African continent, which had been groaning under the imperialist repression, the national liberation movement swept the colonial countries like a prairie fire, and the peoples struggle to build a new, independent society struck terror into the hearts of the big powers. President Kim Il Sung rendered unstinting support, both material and moral, to African countries in their efforts to build new society. He often said to officials: we may tighten our belts and encounter more difficulties but we should render wholehearted support to African countries so that they can achieve complete political and economic independence from imperialist nations and stand on their own.
In the mid-1970s, at the invitation of the President, his Togolese counterpart Etienne Gnassingbe Eyadema arrived at Pyongyang, leading a big delegation. During the talks the guest asked him about the precious experience the DPRK gained under his leadership. Wearing a broad smile, Kim Il Sung explained in detail how the Korean workers manufactured a tractor on the principle of self-reliance in the postwar days and how they developed the country into a socialist industrialized state, independent, self-supporting and self-reliant in national defence, guided by the Juche idea. He stressed that if it fails to build an independent economy run by its own resources, technology and cadres, no country can frustrate the economic pressure by imperialists and defend its political independence in the long run. He added that economic self-sufficiency is the basis of political independence, praising the Togolese government for nationalizing the countrys natural resources. Later, learning that there were few native cadres in Togo, he had Korean officials in relevant sectors sent there on a mission of building a school for training party officials while giving technical assistance for irrigation projects. This is how the Higher Party School under the Rally of the Togolese People, covering a total floor space of 15 000m2, was put up in Lomé lying on the shores of the Gulf of Guinea in West Africa.
The school served as a base for training competent officials needed for the building of new society. President Kim Il Sung showed close concern for Egypt, Tanzania and many other African countries that were struggling to increase their national capabilities and build a new society. The following happened in March 1981 when Tanzanian President Julius Nyerere visited Pyongyang. He told President Kim Il Sung about agricultural production in his country and requested help in this sector. Learning that irrigation and water pumps were his major concern, the latter said: we can give you big pumps but in the future you should make them by yourselves. Then he visited a water pump factory together with the guest. While looking round the factory, he told him how it was built and upgraded. There he promised to assist Tanzania in constructing such a factory. That day a member of the Tanzanian delegation said with deep emotion: other heads of state would seek profit from the sale of their water pumps; President Kim Il Sung travelled a long distance to show us around the factory and encouraged us to fend for ourselves; nothing is greater than this; what we need now is to learn from the Korean peoples spirit of self-reliance.
Once a president of Madagascar said: Other nations gave us some fish when we were hungry. This meant that we should rely on them in the future, too. However, my brother President Kim Il Sung taught us how to catch fish. Thus he has helped us obtain fish by ourselves when we need them. Under Kim Il Sung,s close concern research institutes of agriculture were built in Tanzania and Guinea and Korean technicians sent to the African continent to provide technical cooperation with agricultural production there. With a feeling of respect for President Kim Il Sung, the Guinean president named the institute inaugurated in his country in January 1982 Kim Il Sung Agricultural Science Institute.
Structures set up in various parts of the continent under the care of President Kim Il Sung tell of his benevolence for the African People: Arusha Brick Factory in Tanzania, a stadium in Zanzibar, a printing house in Benin, a hydroelectric power station in Ethiopia, National Palace in Guinea, Chollima Agricultural Science Institute in Tanzania, irrigation facilities in Tanzania, Ethiopia, Mozambique, Rwanda and other countries, Juche experimental farm in Ghana, a friendship experimental farm in Zambia, the government building of Lesotho, parliament building of the Central African Republic, an outdoor theatre and revolutionary tower in Burkina Faso, a hall of culture in Benin, Unity Stadium in Victoria, capital city of Seychelles.
Kim Il Sung lives forever in the hearts of the African people as their great saviour, true friend and benevolent mentor. Out of his ennobling sense of international obligation President Kim Il Sung gave material aid and moral support to African peoples in their efforts to achieve the independence of their countries and build new society in the face of great trials and difficulties. Whenever he was faced with difficulties in the struggle to regain his country's independence, Namibian President Sam Nujoma visited Pyongyang and sought advice from his benevolent mentor President Kim Il Sung. In September 1992, after achieving his country's independence and taking office as the President of Namibia, he paid an official visit to Pyongyang, leading a high-level delegation. He expressed his thanks to President Kim Il Sung for helping the Namibian people. Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni visited Pyongyang several times to meet President Kim Il Sung. The latter gave him advice on achieving national independence and building new society.
He resolved all the problems raised by the guest and, especially in the 1980s, had large quantities of military hardware sent to Uganda. Later, he rendered unstinting support, both material and moral, to the Ugandan people in their effort to secure peace and stability and build new society. On the occasion of the tenth anniversary of the death of President Kim Il Sung the Ugandan President visited the DPRK embassy in his country and laid a wreath before his portrait. Then he said: President Kim Il Sung was the saviour of the African people who gave positive help to them in their national liberation struggle and; in particular, he rendered material aid and moral support to the Ugandan people in their struggle for independence and development; we will remember him for ever.
Still now, many personages of political parties, public organizations and institutions in Guinea, Mali, Zimbabwe, Burkina Faso, Nigeria and other African countries have the portraits of President Kim Il Sung hanged on the walls of their offices, conference halls, lecture rooms, libraries or homes to pay their respects to the peerlessly great man. It is evidenced by the special event that took place on April 15, 1995 in Nigeria. At the event Chieftaincy Title of Anyanwu (Sun), the first of its kind in Nigeria, was awarded to him. It was attended by the king of the Umozi community. Asking an official from the DPRK to convey the certificate of the title, costume, necklace, bracelet, baton, cap and throne of the chieftain to Kim Il Sung, the king said: A great man is immortal with his great idea. My community solemnly swear in the name of the Niger River and the land of our ancestors that we will trust in and follow forever the great President Kim Il Sung as the Sun from one generation to the next.
The next day the Nigerian Society of the Sun was formed in reflection of the desire of the Nigerian people to hold up President Kim Il Sung as the eternal Sun. Committees for remembering President Kim Il Sung were organized one after another in Ghana, Angola, Togo, Zimbabwe, Zambia, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Guinea, Equatorial Guinea and other African countries. Recollecting with deep emotion the ennobling virtues and international obligation cherished by President Kim Il Sung, Obiang Nguema Mbasogo, president of Equatorial Guinea, Lansana Conte, former president of Guinea, Alpha Oumar Konare, former president of Mali and former chairman of the African Union Commission, and other heads of state and prominent figures in Africa said unanimously that the African people regard it as their moral obligation and honour to remember President Kim Il Sung, who made a tangible contribution to the cause of global independence, and hand his exploits down to posterity.
The regional online forum on President Kim Il Sung and the independent development of Africa on July 8, 2014 called on the leaders of the African countries who are desirous of national prosperity and independent development to learn from President Kim Il Sung, the Sun of the 20th century, and brave through difficulties and ordeals on the strength of the Juche idea. This article deals with some facts recorded in the history of the great Sun Kim Il Sung who devoted his all to implementing the cause of the anti-imperialist national liberation of the progressive peoples the world over. True to the intentions of the great leaders Kim Il Sung and Kim Jong Il, the Workers Party of Korea and the government of the DPRK will continue to expand and develop relations of friendship and cooperation with African countries. African people will never forget Kim Il Sungs immortal exploits recorded in the history of the liberation struggle of colonial nations and the building of new society on their continent.
|Posted by Bro. Akil on May 16, 2017 at 10:55 AM||comments (1)|
|Posted by The Reunion Black Family on March 2, 2017 at 2:55 PM||comments (1)|
Nigerians are not our enemies Ulrich Janse van Vuuren .
The xenophobic attacks in Gauteng have left me concerned about the level of discrimination from some South Africans towards fellow Africans. I am worried about my Nigerian friends and colleagues.
Many of these assaults have been against Nigerian citizens legally living and contributing to the economy of this country. With our large markets South Africa and Nigeria is in a unique position to lead the way of equity on the continent. But it's during times of violence that the most vulnerable become particularly affected and when the most vulnerable are stricken there is no justice.
I was in Nigeria at the time of last weeks attacks. Much like Africans from elsewhere on the continent working in South Africa to survive, I go to Nigeria to work so that I can pay my bills, buy food and afford living in my country. While there, I went about my business as usual.
I could move around freely without fear and peacefully enjoyed the welcoming Nigerian hospitality. In complete contrast, back at home Nigerians working in South Africa were being victimised, their properties burnt and the looting spree exploded. Intolerant South Africans can learn a few things about unity from Nigerians.
Maybe some need to be reminded of the major role Nigeria played in empowering our citizens and liberating our country. Nigerians paid from their pockets to support South Africans. In 1976 Nigeria set up the Southern African Relief Fund (SARF). This fund was to be used to alleviate the plight of victims and refugees of apartheid oppression and to promote their education and general welfare. The Nigerian government made compulsory deductions from public servants' earnings towards establishing this fund. Government employees had to pay directly from their monthly salaries, this was widely known as
Even the military administration of General Obasanjo apparently contributed USD$3.7 million to this fund. I read in an article published by South African Institute of International Affairs that by the end of apartheid Nigeria had contributed an estimated USD$61 billion towards the anti-apartheid effort. Nigerian students fought for the rights of South African students. It is well known that following the massacre of South African school children in the Soweto uprising Nigerian students from tertiary institutions formed anti-apartheid clubs. These groups included the Youths United in Solidarity for Southern Africa (YUSSA) and the Nigerian African National Congress Friendship and Cultural Association. YUSSA was seemingly on most campuses of Nigerian universities and other institutions, mobilising students across the country against apartheid South Africa. Young Nigerians would voluntarily contribute from their pocket money, raised funds and through donations supported the Southern African Relief Fund. South Africans could get free education in Nigeria.
The Nigerian government was a key supporter in the anti-apartheid movement by paying for scholarships and fellowships helping many students from South Africa who were displaced by apartheid. For those South Africans who were denied documents to travel out of the country the Nigerian government was said to have issued hundreds of passports. These students could study at Nigerian schools and universities for free. Nigerian pop artists fought for the equal rights of every South African. Public support against oppression in South Africa was mobilised by Nigerian musicians, poets and entertainers. Musicians like Sonny Okosun used his voice for those suffering in South Africa.
In the 70s he recorded reggae Afro-pop music with anti-apartheid themes in hits like Holy War and Fire in Soweto featured on the anti-apartheid album Sun City Nigerian Reggae artist Majek Fashek wrote a song called Free Mandela for the movement to release Nelson Mandela from prison. The Nigerian government even sponsored South African musicians like Miriam Makeba and Ipi N'tombi to tour Nigerian cities. These performances helped create anti-apartheid consciousness among citizens and increased public pressure on government. Nigeria cut oil trade with South Africa to sway the apartheid regime. The country used oil to direct its foreign policy. Nigerian leaders applied the fight against apartheid as a centre point of policy and it provided a rallying point to unify Nigerians.
Some newspaper articles indicate that Nigeria had lost about USD$45 billion in the space of 15 years for refusing to export oil to South Africa. The official relationship between South Africa and Nigeria dates back to the countrys independence in 1960. Nelson Mandela first visited the country in 1962 to seek support before he was arrested on treason charges in South Africa. For 25 years Nigeria chaired the UN Special Committee against apartheid until 1994 when the regime came to an end. Discrimination is the ultimate result of ignorance and lack of action.
International Zero Discrimination Day is observed this Wednesday, 1 March. If we expect to get rid of discrimination against fellow African citizens an immediate point of departure could be to unite in peace, stand against those responsible for xenophobic attacks and support the victims. There is an urgent need for the South African government to address the systemic inefficiencies that lead to xenophobic violence. The Constitution of the Republic of South Africa even affirms that everyone living in this country has inherent dignity and the right to have their dignity respected and protected by the state.
I believe as human beings we also have a personal responsibility to respect and protect each others humanity.
- Ulrich Janse van Vuuren is a humanitarian, anthropologist, social and environmental activist with a passion for people and nature. Proudly South African, he lives in are not our enemies Ulrich Janse van Vuuren 28/02/2017 The xenophobic attacks in Gauteng have left me concerned about the level of discrimination from some South Africans towards fellow Africans.
I am worried about my Nigerian friends and colleagues. Many of these assaults have been against Nigerian citizens legally living and contributing to the economy of this country. With our large markets South Africa and Nigeria is in a unique position to lead the way of equity on the continent. But its during times of violence that the most vulnerable become particularly affected and when the most vulnerable are stricken there is no justice. I was in Nigeria at the time of last weeks attacks.
Much like Africans from elsewhere on the continent working in South Africa to survive, I go to Nigeria to work so that I can pay my bills, buy food and afford living in my country. While there, I went about my business as usual. I could move around freely without fear and peacefully enjoyed the welcoming Nigerian hospitality. In complete contrast, back at home Nigerians working in South Africa were being victimised, their properties burnt and the looting spree exploded.
Intolerant South Africans can learn a few things about unity from Nigerians. Maybe some need to be reminded of the major role Nigeria played in empowering our citizens and liberating our country. Nigerians paid from their pockets to support South Africans. In 1976 Nigeria set up the Southern African Relief Fund (SARF). This fund was to be used to alleviate the plight of victims and refugees of apartheid oppression and to promote their education and general welfare. The Nigerian government made compulsory deductions from public servants earnings towards establishing this fund. Government employees had to pay directly from their monthly salaries, this was widely known as Mandela Tax.
Even the military administration of General Obasanjo apparently contributed USD$3.7 million to this fund. I read in an article published by South African Institute of International Affairs that by the end of apartheid Nigeria had contributed an estimated USD$61 billion towards the anti-apartheid effort. Nigerian students fought for the rights of South African students. It is well known that following the massacre of South African school children in the Soweto uprising Nigerian students from tertiary institutions formed anti-apartheid clubs.
These groups included the Youths United in Solidarity for Southern Africa (YUSSA) and the Nigerian African National Congress Friendship and Cultural Association. YUSSA was seemingly on most campuses of Nigerian universities and other institutions, mobilising students across the country against apartheid South Africa.
Young Nigerians would voluntarily contribute from their pocket money, raised funds and through donations supported the Southern African Relief Fund. South Africans could get free education in Nigeria.
The Nigerian government was a key supporter in the anti-apartheid movement by paying for scholarships and fellowships helping many students from South Africa who were displaced by apartheid.
For those South Africans who were denied documents to travel out of the country the Nigerian government was said to have issued hundreds of passports. These students could study at Nigerian schools and universities for free. Nigerian pop artists fought for the equal rights of every South African.
Public support against oppression in South Africa was mobilised by Nigerian musicians, poets and entertainers. Musicians like Sonny Okosun used his voice for those suffering in South Africa. In the 70s he recorded reggae Afro-pop music with anti-apartheid themes in hits like Holy War and Fire in Soweto featured on the anti-apartheid album Sun City. Nigerian Reggae artist Majek Fashek wrote a song called Free Mandela for the movement to release Nelson Mandela from prison.
The Nigerian government even sponsored South African musicians like Miriam Makeba and Ipi N'tombi to tour Nigerian cities. These performances helped create anti-apartheid consciousness among citizens and increased public pressure on government. Nigeria cut oil trade with South Africa to sway the apartheid regime. The country used oil to direct its foreign policy. Nigerian leaders applied the fight against apartheid as a centre point of policy and it provided a rallying point to unify Nigerians. Some newspaper articles indicate that Nigeria had lost about USD$45 billion in the space of 15 years for refusing to export oil to South Africa. The official relationship between South Africa and Nigeria dates back to the countrys independence in 1960.
Nelson Mandela first visited the country in 1962 to seek support before he was arrested on treason charges in South Africa. For 25 years Nigeria chaired the UN Special Committee against apartheid until 1994 when the regime came to an end.
Discrimination is the ultimate result of ignorance and lack of action. International Zero Discrimination Day is observed this Wednesday, 1 March. If we expect to get rid of discrimination against fellow African citizens an immediate point of departure could be to unite in peace, stand against those responsible for xenophobic attacks and support the victims. There is an urgent need for the South African government to address the systemic inefficiencies that lead to xenophobic violence. The Constitution of the Republic of South Africa even affirms that everyone living in this country has inherent dignity and the right to have their dignity respected and protected by the state. I believe as human beings we also have a personal responsibility to respect and protect each others humanity.
- Ulrich Janse van Vuuren is a humanitarian, anthropologist, social and environmental activist with a passion for people and nature. Proudly South African, he lives in
|Posted by The Reunion Black Family on February 27, 2017 at 3:15 PM||comments (1)|
South Africa : A Case Study For Indigenous Populations. By GBADEBO RHODES-VIVOUR
Friends have proposed group travel to South Africa, others have invited me to weddings there. When i get such invites, my first reaction is shock and disbelief mainly because I cannot bring myself to understand the kind of mental state an AFRICAN/NIGERIANS put themselves in to ignore the plight of their “BROTHERS’ on their own land. Is it ignorance or just utter shallowness that leaves people bereft of empathy? Most people focus on the beauty of Cape-town and its organization. They take in table mountain views whilst sipping wine in beautiful vineyards.
The nail in the coffin of the Pan African ideal is our attitude – “NOT MY BUSINESS” until it becomes our business as seen with Ebola.
In the situation with South Africa, Nigeria stood up against apartheid not just diplomatically, financially too.
So why are our people and African brothers and sisters being killed in South Africa? A lot of criticism has been made against the people, they have been called animals, uncivilized brutes.
Please permit me to offer a different narrative.
There was a young girl whose house was broken in to by strangers completely different and unfamiliar to her. She watched them kill her parents. She was subject to rape and abuse for most of her life. At some point her abusers stopped only on the condition that they keep majority ownership of the house and she cannot retaliate or engage her anger in anyway. This young girl is now an adult… do you imagine she would be able to have a normal relationship? What does she do with all that anger and hate stored up inside her, do you presume you can understand the mind state of a person that has been oppressed in their OWN HOUSE and still made to feel less than human..
What we see today is a direct failure of the Mandela dream. It was a success for him (whilst we appreciate his sacrifice) It was not a success for his people. The only reason he is so celebrated by the world was because in doing what he did, he protected western interest, they literally got away with it all.
The most vexing thing for me is NONE OF THESE LEADERS OR PEOPLE WHO APPLAUD MANDELA would ever emulate him.
Xerxes burnt down Athens in 480BC , 150 years later Alexander the great burnt down Persepolis. Most Persians that suffered Alexanders wrath were not even born neither was their conception even thought of. Ask King Ferdinand how he dealt with the Moors. Founders of Andalusia (the light of europe) who conquered and ruled Iberia for over 800 years up until their complete expulsion or annihilation.
Ask the Jewish special forces that went after Nazi fugitives and war criminals. tracking them all over the world and dispensing their justice to them. The Jews have gone as far as getting reparations.
Why wasn’t there a call for forgiveness of the NAZIS, a new and peaceful co-habitation in which they keep all stolen resources. Why didn’t this occur in Poland, Austria or France?
Ask America and the Scots how they dealt with the British, research French and British wars and occupations… SO WHY IS IT THAT THE BLACK MAN IS THE ONLY ONE THAT IS SUPPOSED TO FORGIVE AND FORGET…They tell us JESUS was white with blonde hair and blue eyes, YET they don’t seem to do the “turn the other cheek” thing . These same Nations started a WORLD WAR because a monarch was killed!! A Truth and Reconciliation committee would have solved that problem, NO? At least millions of soldiers wouldn’t have had to die.
A terror group bombs a building in America, they destroy an entire country. The Japanese air force bombs their ship at sea, they drop an ATOMIC BOMB on an entire City, killing innocent civilians. These are the people that celebrate Mandela. Surely if Mandela is so great shouldn’t these countries proffer rainbow solutions to all their conflicts?
People have said the South African economy would have collapsed if Mandela towed the path of Robert Mugabe, they tell south Africans to look North to Zimbabwe.
The thing is this – We as Indigenous Africans need to define what development means to us. We cannot continue defining development based on invaders values (when we are not savages like them,motivated by greed to appropriate at any cost, butchering and killing ). If truly we want to develop like them, then we should go and kidnap them and use them as slaves for free labor to build the foundation of our economy, we should also invade their lands and steal resources, killing many of them in the process.
This is not the African way, lets stop trying to measure up to societies built on GENOCIDE AND SLAVERY. It is lazy to continue to sub-contract our thinking to invaders while running a puppet government. Development should not be a life based solely on consumption of the latest electronics and gadgets, In a capitalist society of GMO foods that make you sick with health care and drugs to cure sicknesses brought about by “developed living”.. Living in which the African family structure is completely destroyed because people spend their whole lives searching for money… This is foreign to us and isn’t African. Lets look to Singapore and China, people that built their country on their own backs and hard work while maintaining their culture. Lets define our own economic and governance systems.
EURO- African Apologist blame ANC for the plight of South Africa citing poor leadership and corruption. On the surface that seems rational, but they leave out that till today, 93percent of the countries land and wealth is controlled by the EURO-invaders. This analogy summarizes it very well.
“If South Africa was a company, 90% of the capital will be owned by the white minority.
Even if the CEO of the company is a black man, he has no power except representing the interest of the majority owners.
The problem with white ownership in South Africa is that it was acquired through violence and theft.
The goal of the historic liberation movement was to correct that injustice.
Unfortunately, Mandela was falsely convinced to avoid addressing the injustice problem.
Mandela and the ANC treason is at the root of the current events in South Africa.
The future of South Africa is bleak. The cycle of violence is unlikely to stop.” -M.K
|Posted by The Reunion Black Family on February 27, 2017 at 2:55 PM||comments (1)|
Nigeria Spent Over $61 Billion To Free Black South Africans, Others From Apartheid!! By Mathew Ogunsin
In a rare show of charitable love to South Africa, Nigerians made gigantic yield adding to the demolition of politically-sanctioned racial segregation in South Africa.
Students in Nigeria skirted their lunch to make donations, and just in 6 months, in June 1977, the commitment toward the Southern African Relief Fund (SARF) came up to $10.5 million.
The donations to the SARF were widely known in Nigeria as the “Mandela tax”.
As a result of the fund’s work, a first group of 86 South African students arrived in Nigeria in 1976, following the disruption of the education system in South Africa.
It happened after the massacre of 700 students by the white police while the former were protesting against the decision by the apartheid regime to change their education language to Afrikaans.Hundreds of South African students have benefited from the fund’s activity having come to study in Nigeria for free.
Beyond welcoming students and exiles, Nigeria had also welcomed many renowned South Africans like Thabo Mbeki (former South African president from 1999 to 2009.
He had spent 7 years in Nigeria, from 1977 to 1984, before he left to the ANC headquarters in Lusaka, Zambia.
Along with fellow African countries Nigeria lobbied for the creation of the United Nations Special Committee against Apartheid and chaired it for 30 years, longer than any other country.
Between 1973 and 1978, Nigeria contributed huge financial sum to the United Nations Educational and Training Programme for Southern Africa, a voluntary trust fund promoting education of the black South African elite.
As for trade, Nigeria had refused to sell oil to South Africa for decades in protest against the white minority rule. Nigeria had lost approximately $41 billion during that period.
Above all, Nigeria was the only nation worldwide to set up the National Committee Against Apartheid (NACAP) as early as in 1960.
The committee’s mission was to disseminate the evils of the apartheid regime to all Nigerians from primary schools to universities, in public media and in markets, through posters and billboards messages.
The NACAP was also responsible for the coordination of Nigeria’s government and civil society joint anti-apartheid actions and advising of policy makers on anti-apartheid decisions.
For over three decades the NACAP had successfully built alliances with labor movement, student groups, progressive elements and other international grassroots organizations within Nigeria for effective anti-apartheid activities.
In fact, until 1960s, the ANC fight against the apartheid regime in South Africa was yielding very small results. The whole world was quite indifferent to the suffering of the black South Africans.
Moreover, western countries strongly supported the apartheid regime providing it with technologies, intelligence and favorable trade agreements.
Things started changing dramatically only after African countries became independent in the 1960s. Nigeria unequivocally took over leadership of the anti-apartheid movement worldwide.
Despite the volatile nature of Nigeria’s politics and the passage of numerous military and civil leaders, Nigeria never abandoned its unwavering commitment to the freedom of our brothers and sisters in South Africa.
From 1960 to 1995, Nigeria has alone spent over $61 billion to support the end of apartheid, more than any other country in the world, according to the South African Institute of International Affairs.
The country has never let go of any opportunity to denounce apartheid, from the boycott of Olympic Games and Commonwealth Games to the nationalization of British Petroleum assets in 1979.
Unfortunately, our brothers and sisters in South Africa have not been grateful to Nigeria.
When Mandela passed away in 2013, Nigeria’s president was not even given the opportunity to speak.At the same time, the representatives of the United States. (U S) and the United Kingdom (U K) two countries supporting the apartheid regime, were in the spotlight.
|Posted by Bro. Akil on December 12, 2016 at 8:00 AM||comments (5)|
|Posted by The Reunion Black Family on November 30, 2016 at 1:40 AM||comments (3)|
Castro to Go Down in History as 'Hero Holding Out Against the US Empire
Cubans are in mourning. The whole world mourning,the only happy people are exiled traitors and their imperilists friends. Castro was good to our people both in Africa in Cuba and Globally.No single country or leader around the globe had anything negative to say about him, except for people who wanted to steal the island of cuba and turn it into some kind waste lands for gambling and prostitution. Viva Cuba, we mourn with you. Looking at Libya, you'd be glad Cuba had a leader like that.
Castro came to power on January 8 1959, toppling the American-backed dictator Fulgencio Batista, under whose watch Cuba had turned into a virtual mafia state, dominated by US-based cartels that operated gambling rings and controlled an economy run by a small cadre of wealthy sugar cane plantation owners and major multinationals.
Castro the father of the Cuban revolution made a gigantic impact in the history of the mankind. The Cuban revolution inspired people around the world how to fight for their rights, freedom and justice. The idea of philosophy of revolution in Cuba was spread to other nations with message of Che Guevara who fought and died in line to liberate other countries.
Castro’s team set about radically re-ordering the economic system in the island nation, nationalising private sugar cane farms including many that were owned by Americans and taking over several industries.
But it was Castro’s decision to align the country with the Soviet Union that brought him in direct conflict with the United States government, which was determined to stop the spread of Communism to the Americas.
Castro quickly became a globally recognised figure after the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) sent a group of armed Cuban exiles in 1961 to try and topple his government. The attempt was crushed but a second episode of superpower confrontation over Cuba made world headlines.
US THREATENED TO INVADE
The Americans had discovered that Cuba had allowed the Soviet Union to build missile bases on its territory. The US threatened to invade and exchanged threats of nuclear war with the Soviets before a deal was reached to remove the bases after a tense 13 days.
Once Castro had secured his hold on power, he invested huge amounts of resources including arms and manpower to back freedom movements around the world, most prominently in Latin America and Africa.
He sent arms and advisers to the Algerians who were fighting for independence from the French and dispatched soldiers to multiple countries including Bolivia and Mozambique.
But it was Castro’s involvement in the fight against Apartheid that saw him earn a place in history as one of the greatest friends of Africa of the last century. He heavily backed the Angolan independence movement first against the Portuguese and later in pitched battles with thousands of troops from South Africa’s Apartheid regime which feared, correctly, that independence for Angola would offer a base for independence movements such as the African National Congress and Namibia’s Swapo.
Leaders in that region yesterday celebrated Castro’s role in hastening the end of Apartheid. His deployment of 36,000 troops to Angola in 1975 is widely viewed as having delivered the biggest psychological defeat endured by the Apartheid government which was backed by major powers including the Americans.
“President Castro identified with our struggle against Apartheid. He inspired the Cuban people to join us in our own struggle against Apartheid,” South Africa’s president Jacob Zuma said in a statement.
Namibia’s president Hage Geingob mourned the “end of an era”.
“Our comrade is no more,” he said. “But his revolutionary legacy will remain with Namibia forever.”
The Nelson Mandela Foundation extended its “deepest condolences to the people and government of Cuba” and said Castro’s solidarity with the anti-Apartheid movement would never be forgotten.
Cord leader Raila Odinga, one of a number of leftists who were inspired by Castro and who named his son after the revolutionary icon, called him “a great and true friend of Africa”.
SOURCE OF INSPIRATION
“Castro was a source of inspiration and courage for all those who value and fought for freedom,” he said.
Major world leaders also noted the former Cuban leader’s place in history. US President Barack Obama, who reset ties with Cuba this year, described him as a leader who “altered the course of individual lives, families, and of the Cuban nation”. This was in contrast to President-elect Donald Trump who said Castro was a “brutal dictator who oppressed his own people”.
With his trademark jungle green fatigues, unruly beard and booming voice, Castro came to represent for many the ultimate face of the progressive revolutionary post-colonial politics that dominated the post World War era in many parts of the globe, his legend growing with every failed assassination bid against him.
He survived more than 600 attempts on his life, according to the Cubans’ count, with the plots exposed by American media being worthy of a spy movie. They included an attempt to poison his beloved cigars, an effort to plant a bomb in a fish tank and a mission to have him poisoned by a female agent.
“If surviving assassination attempts were an Olympic event, I would win the gold medal’,’ he once said.
In Cuba, his record was mixed with the thousands of exiles forced out of the country fiercely critical of his authoritarian approach.
Castro could, however, point to a world class health system that attracted medical tourists from far and wide. He also sent tens of thousands of the country’s first-rate doctors to hospitals abroad, including the largest contingent that reacted to the Ebola crisis in West Africa in 2014.
As per his wishes, Castro’s ashes will be interred alongside many heroes of Cuba’s struggle for independence in the 19th century at the Santa Ifigenia cemetery.
We’re brothers and sisters of the people of Africa and we’re ready to fight on their behalf! " - Fidel Castro.
Cuban revolutionary Castro played key role in African liberation struggles.
Many things about Castro that was omitted from the western media *assisted Black American revolutionaries in exile.
Thomas Sankara (1983-1987, Burkina Faso) And Fidel Castro (Cuba)
Kaunda on an earlier visit to Cuba, accompanied by Fidel Castro and Revolution Commander Juan Almeida Bosque..
Mengistu Haile Mariam in pictured here whilst receiving Fidel Castro of Cuba on state visit to Ethiopia.
There were many things about Castro that was omitted from the western media. Castro was an ally for African liberation around the globe. Castro:
*worked with Malcolm X
*assisted Black American revolutionaries in exile
*helped South Africa end apartheid
*helped Angola and other African nations win their independence
*offered African Americans free scholarships for medical training
*assisted West Africans with medical treatment against the Ebola outbreak
*offered to assist with medical treatment for all the Black Americans in New Orleans who were dying during Hurricane Katrina
*sent medical assistance to the people of Haiti
So I'm not too quick to jump on the "Castro human rights violations" bashing bandwagon... when those same so-called "human rights violations" are happening to Black Americans over here every day.
Castro to Go Down in History as 'Hero Holding Out Against the US Empire'
Castro, the Cuban revolutionary who survived hundreds of assassination attempts and nearly a dozen US presidents, passed away on Saturday, aged 90. A funeral ceremony has been scheduled for December 4, and will be held at a cemetery in Santiago de Cuba. Cuba has received a flood of condolences from leaders around the world, Russia included.
"He has been one of the most important political figures of the 20th century, and I think that he is going into history as a hero who was the only one to successfully oppose the influence of the great empire to the north," Skierka said, speaking of Castro's international significance.
At home, Castro will be remembered for giving the Cuban people back their national independence and dignity, as well as for his "revolutionary social reforms" in healthcare and education. "This is a point that I think the Cuban people will try to keep for the future, because it's a sort of role model for Third and Second World countries," the journalist noted.
As for Castro as a man, Skierka suggested that the revolutionary's personality and charisma were "very important" in and of themselves in accounting for many of his successes. "He was very charismatic. I met him after I wrote this biography. We had an informal discussion, and I must say that he was so fascinating that I was really happy that I hadn't met him before, because it would have caused difficulties to write the book."
Castro was "really outspoken, and had a talent to get you concentrated only on him," the journalist recalled. "This was really an exceptional political talent. He was very intelligent, and was an excellent speaker. People listened to him for hours, and not because they had to, but because they wanted to."
Castro to Go Down in History as 'Hero Holding Out Against the US Empire'
|Posted by The Reunion Black Family on November 15, 2016 at 4:05 AM||comments (3)|
5 Lessons Traveling to Africa Taught Me About Being Black in America
Recently, I had the pleasure of traveling to Ghana for 10 days to explore the history and culture of the region. And contrary to America’s heightened fear that traveling to West Africa would give me Ebola, I am fortunate to reassure you that I am happy and healthy.
Now that your potential conditioned hysteria is reduced, here is something you should be concerned about:
Black America, we have so much to actually learn about Africa — and yes, it does matter.
For far too long, our perceptions have been negatively impacted by white dominated narratives that have plagued our grade school text books and public discourse about the Motherland. The separation between our people across the diaspora is not just geographic, but philosophic. And while both sides can assess blame on boasting superiority against the other — Black America’s constant dismissal of the continent in our identity makes us the bigger culprit.
I, too, was once guilty of this — but sometimes it takes one to go back and re-direct the masses. Consider this my form of “Sankofa.”
These were my five major takeaways during what has now become my restored relationship to the ancestral homeland:
1) Privilege is real.
During my stay in Ghana, for the first time in my life I felt what it was like to be in the majority. Most of the population is black and the experience of seeing my skin color on nearly every television station, public arena, and facet of society gave me a psychological gratification and confidence. A sense of pride that allowed me to walk in the street without feeling targeted. A level of high self-esteem when I told people my professional aspirations and was sincerely heard and not interrogated. My time in Africa gave me a first-hand look at what it feels like to not be a second-class citizen in society. It showed me how much America has tried to ignore the existence of white privilege when it is actually engrained. On a lighter note, please don’t believe American companies when they say they cannot produce quality black television commercials and programs... I saw tons that would put ours to shame.
2) Understanding slavery in the past explains the current struggles of today.
“Get over it,” they tell us back home in the United States. There is absolutely no way we can and should when it paints a larger picture of the current systematic obstructions that are relevant to our present. In Africa, slavery is discussed and they actually have renowned museums and tourist attractions that cater specifically to the topic... I’m still waiting America. When visiting the former Elmina slave castles near the coast of Ghana, I felt a sudden sense of immediate anger, emotion, and frustration in how much of the manipulation and strategic disenfranchisements blacks faced then are still prevalent. Same crap, just a different day.
3)Sorry, Raven-Symoné — but we are indeed African-Americans.
Just because you cannot find your exact roots on a continent, doesn’t mean they aren’t apart of your ethnic make-up. That would be just as dumb as assuming that not knowing your father means you weren’t conceived by one. Coming to the realization of what it means to be an African-American rather than simply “American” gives me a more honest rationale as to why I face the current obstacles in a nation that speaks of “equality and justice for all.” Furthermore, it re-teaches me that my legacy didn’t start when my ancestors entered the West from slave ships (that’s only the second half of my identity), but that there was an enriched culture before America — and that was in Africa.
4) Oppression of black people is an international concern.
Just as we fight for justice in Ferguson here in America, our brothers and sisters across the Atlantic are dealing with the discrimination and mistreatment of mass hysteria related to Ebola. Across the diaspora, blacks are feeling ostracized from the global discourse of how to protect their own communities. Such lack of representation of Africans being able to address how to eradicate their own problems reflects a worldwide stigma of having black leadership. Although our issues at surface level are distinct, fundamentally we are tackling the same mission: making black lives matter.
5) There needs to be more cross-continental discourse of connecting blacks across the diaspora.
Enough with just having cultural food and music fairs... let’s have a discussion about universally helping one another socially. When I attended college, it often aggravated me how black Americans felt Africans were another foreign group of people they could not identify with. And it was also troubling to see some native Africans look down on blacks in the country for not feeling as self-confident and culturally strong about their heritage. At this very moment in our present history, we now more than ever need to put down our media-driven stereotypes about one another and have real conversations about it. I am tired of seeing too many people of color help one another among regional affiliations and not the diaspora as a whole. Because the truth of the matter is that the rest of the world do not see us any differently and by strengthening our connections we can better combat these problems.
In closing, my travels to the continent gave me a fresh perspective on how I relate to blacks across the diaspora and how their burdens shape my work here in America. A lot of what the black community is trying to look for in themselves in our media, education, and economy can be found in the legacy and teachings that come from our brothers and sisters across the Atlantic.
This is not to say that I am entirely dismissive of American values and opportunities, I have been privileged on a technological and industrial level. However, I do believe that now is the time to expect more than just survival, and begin to thrive.
It is going to take more than just a village... but an entire continental shift in unifying self-value for all people of color.
|Posted by The Reunion Black Family on October 9, 2016 at 12:50 PM||comments (5)|
Die Eden Projek: Black labour to build the white dream In South Africa
Black people will be allowed into the whites-only enclave of Die Eden Projek in the Eastern Cape. They will build the houses, till the land and prepare the food for the white families. And black women will help rear the children brought to this “safe haven” by threatened white people.
But, when the sun sets, they will have to retreat beyond the borders of the 2 300-hectare privately owned farm, to townships and informal settlements in the nearby small town of Willowmore.
“A community forum will still establish rules of how they will work for us here. Black people can buy any land around us but this is private land; it’s ours,” Die Eden Projek’s leader, Jaqui Gradwell, told the Mail & Guardian on Wednesday.
“Like everyone in life has the right to freedom of association, we [Afrikaners] also have this right. No one can take that away from us.”
The project is still under development and its builders hope to see between 20 000 and 40 000 white families move on to the land to build a new sanctuary — but only after meeting the strict entry requirements.
“We choose our people based on their culture, which is Afrikaners, and their religion, which is Christian. This is a place for boere but, of course, not all farmers are Afrikaans. But they are still welcome,” Gradwell said.
But he admits that the primary reason for seeking an Afrikaner enclave in the Eastern Cape was the “massacre” of white people. The 55-year-old believes black people commit all crimes in South Africa, and are to blame for the “systematic genocide of white farmers and Afrikaners”.
“All the crimes against white people are committed by black people. All the crimes against black people are also committed by black people.
“They murder and molest us, our children are slaughtered like sheep. There are 80 000 white people [who have been] killed in South Africa — I have got the names. That’s the main reason — to get our people to safety — and, secondly, because our culture is being wiped out,” he said.
Gradwell claims to have sparked the interest of wealthy white investors, who he hopes will buy up 60 plots already marked off on blueprints for his vision of a volkstaat, which was imagined by the murdered white supremacist and Afrikaner Weerstandsbeweging leader Eugene Terre’Blanche.
After completion, Die Eden Projek will have two schools, an administration block and its own rugby field and team.
Gradwell said the community will strive for complete self-sustainability and he hopes to provide each resident with a home, a job and a steady income. “We need no state water, power or food. We’ll do all of that ourselves.” He doesn’t expect any protests against the whites-only development, saying it’s modelled on the existing whites-only town of Orania, which is south of Kimberley in the Northern Cape.
But, should Eden owners start selling off portions of land, they could run foul of the law. “Legally it is discriminatory,” says Wits University law professor Cathi Albertyn.
“What would happen if a black person tried to buy there and they were told: ‘No, you can’t own this land, it’s reserved.’ If anybody challenged it, I think that they [the developers] would not be able to justify the exclusion of people based on race.”
Human rights organisations could also launch a public interest claim. Albertyn said South Africa’s divided history could make the case even stronger. “Considering South Africa’s history of forced removals and land segregation during apartheid, it would be very difficult [to defend].”
And Orania’s leader, Carel Boshoff, distanced himself from the new development because of its racist undertones. “Self-determined communities are the best foundation for a successful South Africa, but we don’t approach it on the basis of white versus black, even when it is imposed upon us from outside … Orania also believes in self-labour and therefore we do not encourage any form of migrant labour but do what we can on our own,” Boshoff said.
|Posted by The Reunion Black Family on October 8, 2016 at 9:50 AM||comments (0)|
Ghana Will Remove ‘Racist’ Gandhi Statue From Its Oldest University.
Ghana has said it will remove a statue of Mahatma Gandhi from a university campus in the nation’s capital where it had sparked protests over the leader’s allegedly racist attitudes.
The statue, which was unveiled by Indian President Pranab Mukherjee during his visit to Ghana in June, was meant to symbolize friendship between the two countries, according to Ghana’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs. But professors and students at the University of Ghana called the statue “a slap in the face” because of Gandhi’s “racist identity.” They started an online petition calling for the statue’s removal.
The petition, which had more than 1,700 supporters on Thursday, cited letters Gandhi wrote during his time in South Africa as evidence that he advocated for the superiority of Indians over black Africans. It also took issue with his use of the derogatory term kaffir to refer to native Africans and criticized the lack of statues of African heroes and heroines on campus.
In light of the petition and protests on social media, Ghana’s government wants to relocate the statue “to ensure its safety and to avoid the controversy,” the country’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs said in a statement on Wednesday.
Gandhi is known for peacefully leading India’s independence movement, but a biography published last year also explored the darker side of his time in Africa.
|Posted by sjaugu on June 22, 2016 at 9:45 AM||comments (0)|
Elombe Brath Legacy
Sept 30, 1936 - May 19, 2014
In today's contemporary world, Africans everywhere (those at home and abroad) are bombarded with so many distraction's sometimes past heroes, and heroines are forgotten. One such individual is Elombe Brath, although he was widely known among many of his constituents. Most importantly, his name should be known to Africans all around the world.
He was impressed by his cousin Clennell Wickham, who was exiled from Barbados in the 1930s for writing about socialism. Elombe had an early interest in political affairs by listening to conversations his family would have about his cousin as well as, Marcus Garvey’s activities in Harlem in the 1920s. He got a first-hand account of the Garvey movement because his parents were both members.
The uniqueness of Elombe accomplishments was that he fought for descendants in America as well as maintaining major contact with leaders in Africa during colonialism. Simultaneously, he was a major catalyst in Gil Nobles television program “Tell it like it is.” He persuaded historians like John Henrik Clarke, Ivan Van Sertima, Yosef Ben-Jochannan, Cheikh Ada Diop to appear on Gil Noble shows. Even more amazing he raised a family of seven, at the same time.
Elombe was a dedicated student of the late Honorable Carlos A. Cooks and Professor Ray Williams, two dynamic teachers of Garvey’s African Fundamentalism. Mr. Cooks annual Miss Natural Standard of Beauty contest is when young women would compete with their hair natural and no makeup. He was very impressed with this event. Mindfully, back in those days wearing your hair natural was taboo and to be called black was fighting words.
Carlos Cooks Convention to Abolish “ the term “Negro”
On August 16, 1959, Carlos Cooks issued a call to the convention by the ANPM to abolish the term “Negro” as the official racial classification. Instead, he argued for the usage of “Black” when speaking in terms of color (irrespective of complexion) and in relation to the so-called white, yellow, brown and red races. Likewise, and even more important, the term “African” would be used when speaking in relation to land or origin (regardless of one’s own “native” birthplace), heritage, and culture.
Elombe was an active participant of that convention. Which also gave birth to a standard of beauty that could be institutionalized nationwide and was a catalyst to consciousness worldwide. It was in those days as a young Garveyite member of the African Nationalist Pioneer Movement that Elombe initiated the “Naturally” shows that led to the spread and promotion of “Black is Beautiful.” Those who associated with Elombe or attended one of his numerous lecture series at the Harriet Tubman School in Harlem remember his detailed knowledge of Garvey and Carlos Cooks.
Elombe showed a talent for art. Following in the footsteps of his father, himself a gifted painter, he attended the High School of Industrial Art (now Art Design), later winning a college scholarship to the School of Visual Arts. In 1956, Elombe Brath along with his brother Kwame, Robert Gumbs, Chris Acemendeses Hall and others founded the African Jazz-Art Society Studios (AJAZZ) to reclaim jazz as music of contemporary cultural traditions that should be controlled by its musicians and artists.
The First “Black is Beautiful Show”
His brother Kwame said, while promoting the show, the comments were mixed. Someone told Elombe, “you mean you’re gonna put some nappy headed Black 'bitches on stage to model? " I’m going to be right there in the first row laughing.” Elombe replied, just buy a ticket and come to the show. By now, the word had gotten out, and people in the community were taking sides, pro and con. Some of the Harlem beauticians were up in arms, saying that the trend, if allowed to take hold, would take away a lot of their business. We booked a ballroom on 125th Street called the Sunset Terrace. If memory serves me right, this would be the first event at the new renovated space.
His brother Kwame recalls his brilliance in the development of the Grandassa models in 1962. Whom were a group of youthful African men and women (again, back then they were Negroes) whom wore their hair in its natural state, sparking the “Black is Beautiful” shows in and around New York City. Sadly, these women would have to straighten their hair the next day because of peer pressure.
To put his accomplishments in a proper context, that time period has to be described. It was fashionable to straighten your hair as well as using bleaching crème to lighten your skin color. Notably, all of Africa was colonized with the exception Ethiopia.
This is when Africans everywhere were conditioned to hate their physical characteristic along with anything associated with Africa. Mindfully, in that era when Africa was mentioned it was persona non grata. Profoundly, people would be ready to fight over that word, and on some occasions led up to physical altercations. Despite all odds the first “Black is Beautiful” show almost never happen.
The Sunset Terrace Burn Down
Ticket sales were brisk for April 1, 1962, and we were sold out before the show. The morning of the show, we got a call from Jimmy Abu who was in Harlem, and he told us that “the Sunset Terrace is on fire” and the firemen were chopping the place up. We rushed to the scene on this rainy “April Fools Day” and sure enough. The place was destroyed. Not to be outdone, I went to first the Hotel Theresa, at 125th on 7th Avenue, which had a top-floor ballroom and inquired, but to no avail, the room was booked. I went to the Celebrity Club, further east on 125th, which was also booked.
Then I rushed up to Small’s Paradise, the venue of our first show eight years earlier, and asked what was going on in the ballroom that evening. They said “nothing” and I said I wanted to book it. They asked, “for when?” I said, “for today!” They freaked out. I was the treasurer and had the receipts for the sold out event with me, and paid them on the spot. We stationed someone outside the burned-out ballroom and someone on the phones at our studios as the phone kept ringing with people thinking. The fire story was an “April Fool” joke.
As people came in cabs to the Sunset Terrace we told them, “don’t turn off the meter, go to Smalls. “Miraculously, we started the event only about one-half-hour late, as the crowd came to the new location, in the pouring rain and our “fired up” crew gave a show even greater than we had expected. By now, we had added some satirical skits, “Fantasy in a Barber Shop” being one of them, where actor David K Ward comes into the barber shop to get his hair " conked, " i.e. straightened. This pantomimed skit was hilarious, and thus we successfully combined, art, music, fashions, dance, acting, poetry and comedy into political “edutainment.”
The show featured Clara Lewis, Black Rose, Nomsa White (now Brath), Priscilla Bardonille, Wanda Sims, Marie Toussaint, Esther Davenport and Beatrice Cranston, and male models Jimmy Abu, and Frank Adu, and actor Gus Williams opening the show with the models as he recited Marcus Garvey’s poem “Black Woman. " The show drew a standing applause and when the show was over, and we looked outside, the crowd that couldn’t get in, was still there. We cleaned up the space and gave a second show that same day. Moreover, Abby Lincoln could not sing because of her contract, and as a last resort, one of the Grandassa model's performed instead. Nevertheless, the show was such a success. It inspired all of us, and we planned for a follow-up show at a larger venue. This was over a span of almost two generations.
He magnificently utilized the “Black is Beautiful Shows” to serve many purposes. Just think of his genius. First, he replaced Negro with Black along with having his models wear their hair natural. Then he would have actors, and actresses perform entertaining skids depicting different forms of brainwashing. Which explains how western culture dominates their daily lives. These shows were embracing African ethnicity in the form of humor and entertainment. Slowly, but surely wearing an Afro was totally accepted everywhere in a little over a decade. Elombe, knowing or unknowingly was a genius.
The Road Shows
During their travels, Max Roach (drummer) and Abbey Lincoln (singer) contacted progressive brothers and sisters in Detroit and Chicago and helped us book the show in those cities. We arranged a show in New York at The Audubon Ballroom for January 17, and shows in Chicago at Roberts Show Club on February 22 and one at Mr Kelly’s in Detroit on February 23, 1963, and took the show on the road. In Detroit, LeRoy Mitchell and Omar Shabazz, two art students at Wayne State University, were absolutely fabulous. They decorated Mr. Kelly’s with replicas of the Grandassa Model logo, a silhouetted black head in profile, with a Nefertitti-like hairstyle. Both Mitchell and Shabazz went to live and teach in Ghana.
In Chicago, the beauticians were far more progressive than those in Harlem. I went to Chicago after our January Show, to promote the upcoming event. Beauticians invited me to come to their school and show the slides of the performance and the hairstyles, and they began to add our natural hairstyles to other products they offered. I received such a welcome, and help from all areas of the Black community. I went into bars and was allowed to set up my slide projector and show images of the shows and the models, fashions and hairstyles. I would never have the opportunity to do that even in our home base in Harlem.
Needless to say, both shows were successes, but sparked more controversy. That was the first of our road shows, that later took us to Lincoln University where a Black student group which included by Sam Anderson and Gloria Dulan-Wilson; Cornell University where Brother Makaza (a.k.a. Herbert Callendar) sponsored the show; North Babylon for the National Council of Negro Women, among other places, spreading the art that traversed the globe.
To put his accomplishments in a proper context, that time period has to be described. It was fashionable to straighten your hair as well as using bleaching crème to lighten your skin. Most importantly, Elombe brilliancy had Africans, whom were Negroes at that time. It not only wore their hairstyle's natural. However, at the same time embracing “Black is Beautiful."
Even more astounding is a short time afterward James Brown song “I am Black and Proud” took communities by storm. Again, all of these activities occurred. Because of who? Elombe Brath! Just think of his intellect and vision, he utilized beauty with an audience of Negroes, whom were taught to hate their physical characteristic of nappy hair and their skin color to wear their hair natural at the same time saying, “Black is Beautiful” along with dressing in African attire.
He magnificently utilized the “Black is Beautiful Shows” to serve many purposes. Just think of his genius. First, he replaced Negro with Black along with having his models wear their hair natural. Then he would have actors, and actresses perform entertaining skids depicting different forms of brainwashing. Which explains how western culture dominates their daily lives. These shows were embracing African ethnicity in the form of humor and entertainment. Slowly, but surely wearing an Afro was totally accepted everywhere in a little over a decade. Elombe, knowing or unknowingly was a genius.
African Parade Magazine
In 1963, Herbert Manangatheri, an editor of eleven African newspapers and African Parade Magazine, publications that were printed and distributed in the still colonized countries then known as Northern and Southern Rhodesia (now Zambia and Zimbabwe) and some neighboring territories, visited our 125th Street studios with Max and Abbey. He interviewed us, and I gave him photos of the Grandassa Models and some of our brochures and press material. Soon after he ran three successive cover stories in African Parade Magazine about the show, the first and third of the issues featured Grandassa Models on the cover, and the issue in-between them featured Abbey Lincoln, on the inside cover.
We read an article describing how they copied the show in Lusaka (Zambia), and a campaign began to replace the images that were coming from what they saw from Black publications in the US, that featured black women wearing blonde and red wigs, "candy' lipstick and 'hot pants," with a natural image like the Grandassa Models and our fashions. In the magazine, they reported that bands of Black youth were snatching wigs off of the heads of the girls who were adopting what we called the “Congo Blondes and Zulu Redhead” styles, and wiping their lipstick off with sandpaper.
And also in in 1963, AJASS formed The Black Standard Publishing Company, which created two books, The Naturally ’63 Portfolio and the now collector’s item, “Color Us Cullud: The Official American Negro Coloring Book," written and illustrated by Elombe Brath. The book targeted the weaknesses of the civil “rites” movement and their non-violent, turn the other cheek, integrationist policies. The last thing that Malcolm X said to me directly was “tell your brother, he’s a genius," referring to Elombe’s analysis in the book.
Elombe life as full of countless lessons from heroes such as Marcus Garvey, Carlos Cooks, Malcolm X, Martin Delaney, Edward Wilmot Blyden, Bishop Henry McNeal Turner, Kwame Nkrumah, Patrice Lumumba, Ahmed Sekou Toure, Jomo Kenyatta and others. He was engaged on both fronts an assortment of activities on behalf of communities in America as well as countries on the motherland. In the process, he engaged in numerous activities by creating organizations, pardoning with prominent leaders with a like mindset, creating organizations and traveling back and forth to Africa to meet and befriend solid contacts.
Following are stellar examples of his great work exposing the atrocious conditions and injustice imposed upon Africans in Peru and Venezuela. This is together with revealing the truths about the Panama Invasion. Elombe's put forth a tremendous effort to educate us on the injustices of Central America by providing platforms for representatives of Guatemala, Belize and Costa Rica.
He presented a History of the Bombing of Move in Philadelphia and Black Wall Street in Tulsa, Oklahoma. Organizing Campaigns to Free Political Prisoners a Prisoner of War, including Tremendous work for Mumia Abu Jamal, Geronimo Jaga Pratt, Mutulu Shakur, Eddie Ellis, Dhoruba Bin Wahad, Herman Ferguson, Gary Graham and countless others. He was exposing the truths and corruption of the case against Adam Abdul-Hakeem (also known as Larry Davis).
Elombe fought for the establishment of a Historical District of the African Burial Ground in the City Hall area of Manhattan, New York. Elombe pin pointed the facts, that impacted as well as, the history of our slain leadership by hands of US Covert Action and COINTELPRO.. He campaigned, organized and mobilized for the Central Park 5 cases.
Abby performed with us until the fall of ’64 when she left to go to Hollywood to star with Ivan Dixon in “Nothing But A Man” one of the most important Black films at that time. By then, with her and Max’ help, the production was very popular. We could book the largest ballroom in Harlem, Rockland Palace, which held 4,200 people. We set is our shows' banquet style, to sit 1,500 or more people and used the rest of the floor for our show. We packed it each time up to 1978, performing usually two large shows in New York each year, while AJASS entertaining in other theatre productions, “Caste Life Revue” and “A Portrait of Patrice Lumumba. " The 'Naturally' shows drew many of the top artists. Even Nina Simone and Miriam Makeba came to one of the events together.
A Summation of Elombe's Accomplishments
In 1960, Elombe joined the South West African Relief Committee to assist SWAPO President Sam Nujoma in getting aid to the country of Namibia, which was then suffering under the yoke of the racist apartheid regime. This marked the beginning of his numerous relationships with African freedom fighters, struggling to liberate their country from colonial and White minority rule. They included leaders such as Samora Machel of Mozambique, Thomas Sankora of Burkina-Faso, Kanyama Chiume of Malawi, Robert Mugabe of Zimbabwe among many others.
We shall continue in 1973, when he was awarded the Croix de Chivalry by President Ahmed Seke Ture of Guinea for continuous work toward the African Democratic Revolution, as well as, in 1974 met Angolan's freedom the MPLA fighters while in Zaire for the Ali vs. Forman in the “Rumble in the Jungle." And In 1987, he co-founded the December 12th Movement in response to police brutality following the 1986 murder of Michael Griffith in Howard Beach. In 1989, he organized mobilized for the Central Park Five, believing in their innocence decades before the truth came to light. His keen insight into domestic and international affairs earned him a Revson Fellowship at Columbia University, where he taught for several years despite never having done formal academic graduate work.
Emeritus's historian John Henrik Clarke referred to Elombe as “the Foot Soldier and the General of the African Nationalist Movement” There was no more fitting tribute to him than his being selected by fellow activists to host and emcee the first visit by Nelson Mandela to Harlem upon Mandela’s release from prison. Mandela made two additional stops in New York City – at Boys and Girls High School in Brooklyn (hosted by Brooklyn based activists), and Yankee Stadium, in the South Bronx. Nevertheless, it was upon the insistence of Elombe and fellow activists that Mandela’s most significant and celebrated speaking engagement had to be with the people who fought first for his freedom.
That venue was on the streets of Harlem – 125th St and Adam Clayton Powell Blvd. Hundreds of thousands of African Americans came to greet Mandela in Harlem. And that program was run by activists and chaired by Elombe Brath. I recall the experience like it was yesterday, having served on the Nelson Mandela Welcoming Committee with Elombe and others. Former Black Panther Party Leader Dhoruba Bin Wahad had recently been released from prison after serving 19 years. He greeted Mandela on that stage as a representative of African American political prisoners and prisoners of war in the US. Being on that stage with Mandela still remains the proudest moment of my life and a memory I will have forever.
Elombe's Global Reach
Uniquely, Elombe is among the very few who could make an impact in both aspects of descendants of slavery along with those victimized by colonialism, as well as, the anti-slavery movement of the Sudan and Mauritania, together with the fight against the atrocities of Shell oil and the Abacha regime in Nigeria. The great work with General Aidid in Somalia, and also, against the atrocities of the Mobutu regime in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The Anti-Apartheid movement led by the ANC in South Africa, (which he was very instrumental in the divestment efforts to free Nelson Mandela). A long amazing work he accomplished in Benin, Tanzania, Ghana and many other African countries. Work with freedom fighters of China, Vietnam, and other Asia's nations.
While working at ABC, Elombe emerged as a key figure and co-founding the Patrice Lumumba Coalition in 1975 with the late Irving Davis organizing protests against the South African government. He was also involved in the anti-slavery movement of the Sudan and Mauritania, the fight against the atrocities of Shell oil and the Abacha regime in Nigeria, along with the fight against the atrocities of the Mobutu regime in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
WBAI-FM 99.5 for over 30 years
He used his platform at WBAI-FM, 99.5 for over 30 years, broadcasting his show AfriKalidescope to make people aware of injustices around the globe. He exposed the truth about the Sandinistas’ struggle in Nicaragua, the atrocities committed in East Timor, and provided platforms for representatives of Guatemala, Belize, Costa Rica and Cuba, who were fighting for freedom in their countries.
His dedication of fighting for cause of descendants as well as, Africa's struggles is documented in history and life time experiences for those that remain.
The “former Revolutionary Government of Grenada led by Maurice Bishop and the New Jewel Movement”. “Jamaica (during the early Manley administration)”. Endless efforts to support the “Haitian Struggle For Freedom”. He garnered support for the Garifuna in Belize and Honduras. The Sandinista struggles in Nicaragua. The Farabundo Marti National Liberation Front in El Salvador. Fretilin in Timor, 1976 .
Elombe's Wit and Charm
Elombe was a man of enormous wit and charm, won you over with a quiet intensity, rather than bombast in his telling of the Diaspora experience. His encyclopedic knowledge of the history of peoples of African descent, based on his involvement in struggles around the world from the Caribbean and South America to the countries of Africa and, of course, the United States, was astounding. He has received over 200 congratulations and awards for his work. In May of 2013, and he was immortalized in the history of America when he was enshrined with a Congressional Record by the 112th legislature.
Counted among his many friends and admirers were jazz greats such as Miles Davis, political and cultural greats such as the late Amiri Baraka, and Stokely Carmichael (Kwame Toure). A committed and courageous fighter to the end, Elombe eventually succumbed to illness on Monday, May 19, 2014.
My Personal Thoughts
My final personal thoughts on a fellow member of the African Nationalist, as well as a friend. I first met the Brath brothers (Elombe and Kwame) in 1960. When we were members of the ANPM (African Nationalist Pioneer Movement). I am truly blessed to have been able to watch Elombe back then known as Cecil grow from an African nationalist student of Carlos Cooks fifty years ago. Grow and developed into a a highly respected World Leader in the global African communities.
A final word of his genius can best be described b his brother, Kwame.
"His life has been a marathon of causes here and around the world on behalf of our brothers and sisters who needed their struggles to be voiced and recognized, whether in South Africa, Namibia, Congo, Ethiopia, Grenada, Burkina Faso or in the United States."
Elombe's Passage into the Ancestral World
* "Elombe Brath was raised from birth under the influence of the Honorable Marcus Garvey, together with the African Nationalist Pioneer Movement (ANPM) led by Carlos Cooks. Afterward, he then spent his full life fighting for the decolonization of Africa and other oppressed nations of the world.
* In addition to organizing and spearheading African liberation support committees, the tireless Brath helped to co-found several key organizations including the Patrice Lumumba Coalition PLC), the December the 12th Movement (D-12) and the World African Diaspora Union (WADU)."
* In line with Elombe activism, he popularized the slogan “Africa called, Cuba answered.” As well as, in 1992, was an endorser of the “Peace for Cuba” rally that packed New York City’s Javits Center.
* Consequently, Elombe Brath was invited to Cuba by Fidel Castro, who described how the Angolan and Cuban soldiers, along with fighters from SWAPO and the ANC [the African National Congress], destroyed the apartheid army at Cuito Cuanavale in Southern Angola in March 1988, the army of apartheid South Africa was defeated by a Pan-Africanist alliance that included tens of thousands of Cuban volunteers. Their victory forced South Africa's racist rulers to enter negotiations that led to the dismantling of anti-apartheid organizations, the release of Nelson Mandela, the independence of Namibia, and ultimately freedom for South Africa.
* All aspects of the global African communities were represented at the Abyssinian Baptist Church in Harlem New York on May 31, 2014. Although, there were hundreds in attendance and thousands or perhaps millions mourn his passing. However, those are also millions who is unaware of Elombe's existence. Above all, his life of activism should be known throughout the global African communities.
* Nothing would have pleased Elombe Brath than to have been invite to Dr. Hage Geingob inauguration on March 1, 2014 when he was sworn in as Namibias third president.
On many occasions, Dr. Geingob, as representative of the South West Africa People’s Organization, was a speaker at Brath’s weekly rallies of the Patrice Lumumba Coalition at the Harriet Tubman School on 127th Street. Brath and the members of his organization played a vital role in keeping the struggle alive around the world.
His legacy still lives because Dr. Geingob sent invitations to his family members, which were Brother Kwame (brother) , and two of his sons Elombe Jr. and Cinque.
Most importantly, there was a symbolic empty seat left open in his cabinet for Elombe. That empty seat represents appreciations that goes back almost two generations. To 1960, that is when Elombe joined the South West African Relief Committee to assist in plotting independence of Southwest Africa (present-day Naimbia), which was then suffering under the yoke of the racist apartheid regime.
Most certainly, his life of activism is worthy of a book along with a DOCUMENTARY.
Long Live ELOMBE's Memory
Sabamya Jaugu: African Manifesto
“Thank You Elombe”
We must give special thanks Elombe’s brother Kwame together with his son Cinque whom graciously shared their personal records.
|Posted by The Reunion Black Family on May 26, 2016 at 10:35 AM||comments (10)|
How Black People Have Been Miseducated to Serve The Agenda's of The Ruling White Elites.
"The beginnings of this miseducation go back to the beginnings of the exploration of the African coast by Europeans who had been hemmed in by Arabic power for six hundred years. In 1481, when the Portuguese arrived at the Congo-Ngola area, they initiated the process of miseducation of blacks as an instrument of exploitation. The Portuguese invaders persuaded the royal and noble families of the area to send their sons to Portugal for a European education. When these sons returned with Christian names, they began directing African society in the interest of the Portuguese. The physical slavery which the Portuguese started was facilitated by the mental slavery of the African leaders who had been educated by the Europeans. This model has endured for five hundred years as the most successful method by which Europeans defeat, control, exploit, and annihilate Africans." Jacob H. Carruthers
When your entire history has been taught to you by your former enslavers, colonizers, and oppressors everything that you've been taught are lies that have been rewritten to favor them-and to control you.
Imagine that a invader broke into a home to rob it of all its natural resources and wealth. Then while leaving the home in ruins, the invader kidnapped the children from the home to work as his slaves. This invader, fearing an eventual retribution from these enslaved children, would logically find it necessary to implement systems to ensure that these children would remain loyal to him.
Because while the invader, through his military strength can rob and the destroy the children's home, he cannot win their loyalty, or sustain peace with them for long unless systems are put in place to keep the enslaved children loyal, or to suppress dissent among them. To protect himself from retribution, from these enslaved children, the invader would have to give them an education that causes them to admire and revere him.
This would require that the invader retell the details surrounding the events of the invasion of the ancestral home of the enslaved children. The invader would have to revamp the facts of his crimes by telling the enslaved children that he merely rescued them from a dilapidated home where they were unwanted by their parents. The enslaved children may also be told that their parents merely sold them away.
The invader may also find it necessary to make the enslaved children embarrassed to be associated with their past home. To do this the invader would routinely show to enslaved children demoralizing pictures of their ruined former home. This would cause the children to perceive their invader as a rescuer rather than their enslaver. This would cause the enslaved children to develop an undeserving sense of loyalty and appreciation towards their invader. Therefore creating a sort of manufactured Stockholm Syndrome.
THAT PRECEDED ANALOGY IS PRECISELY WHAT HAS BEEN DONE TO AFRICAN AMERICANS!
White historians will never teach the true great history of Africa because to do so they would then have to admit that they interrupted that great history. They also can't accurately teach Black history to Black students because to do so would reveal that whites have brutally mistreated Black people throughout history.
So the ruling white elites instead rewrote history to favor themselves.
The history presented to African Americans has been heavily revised to hide the true brutality of the crimes committed by whites against Black people throughout history. The history has been revised with lies that make whites appear as having been lesser immoral throughout history then they actually have been.
The images of Africa shown in the media to African Americans is totally controlled by the white elites. Presently African Americans are most often shown--through the white elite's controlled media--those images of Africa that our designed to produce shame of their heritage. They are constantly subjected to only those images of a war-torn, famine-ridden, rampantly illiterate, and disease-stricken Africa. They are also subjected to hearing demoralizing news reports about war-torn Africa --including those stories of self genocidal feuding African warlords. They are rarely,if ever, shown the beautiful and wealthy cities in Africa.
These deplorable depictions of Africa displaying only its poorest and dangerous communities are in fact designed to make African Americans feel grateful that it was their ancestors enslaved and bought to America. African Americans are being subconsciously told that they're the lucky ones to have been taken away from the backwardness of Africa. So subconsciously African Americans are being brainwashed to feel grateful for the enslavement of their ancestors.
White historians depictions of the African slave trade also intentionally miseducates African Americans to believe that most of their African ancestors were merely sold away to the white invader. Their depiction of the African Slave trade deliberately hides the brutal massacre of countless of African Warriors that died in battle trying to rescuing their captured love ones.
The number of Africans that died in battles fought against the white invaders far exceeded, many times over, the number of any African's that may have assisted in the slave trade. The hiding of these fierce battles and massacres is deliberately done to perpetuate the falsehood that most African Americans where sold away by their ancestors.
However, to believe that the greedy white invaders ( they that bloodily brutalized our ancestors during their enslavement in the U.S.) went into Africa with weaponry advantage [of guns and cannons] but rather than maximizing their profits chosen instead to purchase most of their slaves is absolutely preposterous. Because such a claim totally contradicts 400 years of demonstrated behavior by whites in regards to Black people and making profit.
Furthermore, If Africa has all the resources of gold, diamonds, ivory , animal fur, spices and minerals and western money meant nothing in Africa what could the white invaders used to buy MOST of the slaves with? Cleary the majority of slaves were not sold or given to the white invaders. That's the convenient lie that whites rewrote into history. To believe that story a person has to be totally ignorant of the white race's history of being brutally greedy.
Yet this false belief, that most Africans were sold away to the white invaders, is shared by millions of people-- both Black and white. It isn't some strange phenomenon that millions of people now believe that most Africans were sold away. These perceptions were intentionally created by white media social engineering experts.
I'm not so naive as to say that not a single African was involve in the selling of African slaves. That's not what am saying at all. What I am saying is the participation of Africans has been greatly exaggerated to reduce white culpability in the slave trade. It also causes many African Americans to blame the enslavement on their ancestors more greatly on Africans then the white invaders.
This psychological conditioning is designed to break down African Americans’ sense of Black racial heritage, and allegiance towards mother Africa. This engenders feeling of resentment among many African Americans towards Africans.
This meets the white elites objective of the divide and conquer between African Americans and native Africans.
This psychological programming used to control African American is also being reapplied and reinforced daily through the white elite controlled U.S. media.
The U.S. media’s racially devaluing depictions of its Black population that amplifies the negative to the point that it distorts reality is more than just biased media reporting. It is a media driven black racially demoralizing psychological warfare program. Within this psychological conditioning
program, fraudulent negative black racially devaluing misinformation and propaganda are being pumped unrelentingly into the unsuspecting minds of Black people [from totally white sources] without being challenged or counterbalanced by an equal amount Black self loving messages. It's constant unrelenting daily assault of deplorably negative black images and statistics are intentionally designed to subject African Americans to always seeing only the fraudulent worst in themselves. No group can be constantly subjected to seeing only the fraudulent worse within themselves and not suffer some adverse effects.
This program's constant daily assault of deplorable depiction of Black people are designed to corrupt their sense of Black racial unity and cohesion, mold the character of self-hatred, and engender self-doubt, self-loathing, and division among their group that weakens their ranks.
It also covertly conditions many Black people to believe that they need whites to govern over their lives by convincing them that it is now themselves that have become their own worst enemy. It also insinuates that Black people should admire, respect, and trust only Whites. The objective of psychological warfare program is to demoralizingly instill the myth of white superiority into the collective minds of Black people.
Therefore making Black people more compliant white dominance over their lives.
"The oppressed will always believe the worse about themselves" --Franz Fannon
The minds of some Black people have been so bombarded by negative propaganda about their race that it has literally become easier for some blacks to continue believing the negative derogatory information given about their race rather than to accept that it's a psychological warfare system. This system effective that it not only brainwashes many of its Black victims to accept White dominance over their lives, but in many cases it brainwashes them to in fact prefer it. This psychological warfare program is also at the root of both the profound division and self hatred now afflicting so many Black Americans and is at the heart of internalized feelings of superiority that many whites possess.
This article is from the book the Black Matrix by Franklin Jones.
The Black Matrix
|Posted by The Reunion Black Family on May 25, 2016 at 8:00 PM||comments (0)|
The ‘new’ Imperialism.by Zoltan Zigedy
Imperialism, expressed as a nation’s securing economic dominance of, influence over, or advantage from other nations, remains much as Lenin characterized it in his 1916 pamphlet, Imperialism. Its uninterrupted persistence, from the time well before the pamphlet’s publication through today, certainly supports the claim that it constitutes the “highest stage of capitalism.” Its basic features, as outlined by Lenin, remain the same over a century: monopoly capital serves as its economic base, it supports a profound and growing role for finance capital, and the exportation of capital to foreign lands continues as a primary aim. Corporations spread their tentacles to every inhabitable area of the world and nation-states vie to encase those areas in their protected spheres of influence. War is the constant companion to imperialism.
While the character and grand strategy of imperialism never changed, the tactics evolved and shifted to adjust to a changing world. New developments, shifting power relations, and new antagonisms produced different responses, different approaches toward the imperialist project. With the success of the Bolshevik revolution in the immediate wake of an unprecedented bloodletting for nakedly imperial goals, the task of suffocating real existing socialism rose as the primary focus of imperialist powers. Those same powers recognized that the Soviets were encouraging and aiding the fight not only against the spread of colonies, but against their very existence.
Consequently, it is understandable that the next round of imperialist war was instigated by rabidly anti-Communist, extreme nationalist regimes in Germany, Italy, Spain and Japan. World War II came as a caustic mix of expansionism, xenophobia, and anti-Communism.
In the twentieth century, accelerated by the technologies of war honed in World War I, oil production played a greater and greater role in shaping the future fields of imperial contest. Acquiring oil and other resources was not an insignificant factor in the aggressions of both Nazi Germany and Imperial Japan. Clearly, both economic factors and political factors shaped the trajectory of imperialism in the first half of the twentieth century.
While no one doubts that the old European great powers hewed to an imperialist course until World War II (after all, they ferociously clung to their colonies), the myth still exists that the US was a reluctant imperialist. Apologists point to the ‘meager’ colonial empire wrenched from Spain (conveniently ignoring the nineteenth-century expansion from the Atlantic to the Pacific Oceans as well as the deals, wars, and genocide that ‘earned’ that expansion). They point to the ‘isolationist’ foreign policy of the US following the Treaty of Versailles, a claim demolished by the historian William Appleman Williams and his intellectual off-spring. Appleman Williams showed that imperialist ends are achievable by many means, both crude and belligerent and subtle and persuasive. He showed that domination is effectively achieved through economic ties that bind countries through economic coercion, a tactic as effective as colonial rule. US policy, in this period, anticipates the financial imperialism of the twenty-first century. Appleman Williams and others revealed a continuous US imperialist foreign policy as doggedly determined as its European and Asian rivals.
A new model prevails
After World War II, the balance of power shifted in favor of a Euro-Asian socialist bloc centered around the Soviet Union and a liberated China, threatening even greater resistance to imperial world dominance. Through both mass resistance and armed struggle, colonial chains were loosened or broken. The war-weakened European powers strained to hang on to their colonial possessions. Moreover, the US, the supreme capitalist power, largely rejected the old colonial model.
In its stead, less coercive, but even more binding economic ties were secured through ‘aid,’ loans, investments, and post-war institutions like the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund. This ‘neo-colonial’ tactic especially recommended itself because of the needs of the Cold War and the vast economic asymmetries favoring US power. Since the Cold War was also a monumental battle of ideas, US rulers sought to cast aside the ugly, oppressive imagery of colonial administration and military occupation. Further, the enormous need for capital by those under-developed by colonialism or ravaged by war could easily be fulfilled by the US, but at the price of rigid economic ties binding a country to the global capitalist economy now dominated by US capital.
The towering figure of Africa’s most fervent advocate for unity, socialism, and defiance of imperialism, Kwame Nkrumah, was a pioneer in developing our understanding of neo-colonialism. He wrote in 1965 in words that ring true today:
Faced with the militant peoples of the ex-colonial territories in Asia, Africa, the Caribbean and Latin America, imperialism simply switches tactics. Without a qualm it dispenses with its flags, and even with certain of its more hated expatriate officials. This means, so it claims, that it is ‘giving’ independence to its former subjects, to be followed by ‘aid’ for their development. Under cover of such phrases, however, it devises innumerable ways to accomplish objectives formerly achieved by naked colonialism. It is this sum total of these modern attempts to perpetuate colonialism while at the same time talking about ‘freedom,’ which has come to be known as neo-colonialism.
President Truman affirmed the US commitment to the evolved neo-colonial program in his 1949 inaugural address when he rejected the ‘old imperialism.’
Gordon Gray, in a special report to the President issued on November 10, 1950, offered a motivation for the new program:
The largest part of the non-Soviet world… measured in terms of population and land areas, consists of economically underdeveloped regions. With some exceptions, the countries of the three areas–Latin America, Asia, and Africa–fall into this category. In the non-Communist parts of these areas live… 70 percent of the population of the entire non-Soviet world. These areas also contain a large part of the world’s natural resources… [T]hey represent an economic potential of great importance… The contrast between their aspirations and their present state of unrelieved poverty makes them susceptible to domestic unrest and provides fertile ground for the growth of Communist movements…
But the US variant of classical imperialism predates the Cold War instantiation embraced by the Truman administration. As Appleman Williams notes, post-World War I leaders like Hoover, Coolidge, Hughes, and Stimson endorsed an international ‘community of interest,’ achieved by encouraging the penetration of US business worldwide. In Appleman Williams’s words, “These men were not imperialist in the traditional sense… They sought instead the ‘internationalization of business’… Through the use of economic power they wanted to establish a common bond… Their deployment of America’s material strength is unquestioned.”
It is important to note that their choice of a more benign imperialism was not based upon moral considerations, but self-interest. Moreover, it necessarily preferred stability when possible, even if stability came through the exercise of military might. President Coolidge acknowledged this in a Memorial Day address in 1928: “Our investments and trade relations are such that it is almost impossible to conceive of any conflict anywhere on earth which would not affect us injuriously.” As a late-comer to the imperial scramble, US elites chose the non-colonial option, avoiding the enormous costs in coercion, counter-insurgency, and paternalistic occupation associated with colonialism–and equally avoiding conflicts that might rock existing and expanding business relations.
In the post-World War II era, the Marshall Plan and The Point Four program were early examples of neo-colonial Trojan Horses, programs aimed at cementing exploitative capitalist relations while posturing as generosity and assistance. They, and other programs, were successful efforts to weave consent, seduction, and extortion into a robust foreign policy securing the goals of imperialism without the moral revulsion of colonial repression and the cost of vast colonies.
In the wake of World War II, US imperialism reaped generous harvests from the ‘new’ imperialism. Commerce Department figures show total earnings on US investments abroad nearly doubling from 1946 through 1950. As of 1950, 69% of US direct investments abroad were in extractive industries, much of that in oil production (direct investment income from petroleum grew by 350% in the five-year period). Clearly the US had recognized its enormous thirst for oil to both fuel economic growth and power the military machine necessary to protect and enforce the ‘internationalization of business.’
One estimate of the rate of return on US direct investments from 1946 to and including 1950 claims that Middle Eastern investments (mainly oil) garnered twice the rate of return of investments in Marshall Plan participant countries which, in turn, produced a rate of return nearly twice that of investments made in countries that did not participate in the US plan. Undoubtedly, US elites were pleased with the rewards of the new imperial gambit.
Patterns were set in the period immediately after World War II, patterns that persist even today. The basis for US hostility toward Venezuela can be anticipated in US imperialism’s early stranglehold on the Venezuelan economy. As early as 1947, the US exported nearly $178 million of machinery and vehicles to that country, primarily to and for foreign-owned oil companies. Only $21 million of that total went to domestically owned companies or for local agricultural use. In the same year, the income from American direct investments totaled $153 million. Is it any wonder that the US would meet any independent path of development, such as the Bolivarian Revolution, with intense resistance?
The idea of parlaying economic power, capital resources, loans, and ‘aid’ into neo-colonial dependency through the mechanisms of free and unfettered trade–the ‘internationalization of business’–may well be seen as the precursor of the various trade organizations and trade agreements of today, like GATT, NAFTA, TPP, and so many other instruments for greasing the rails for US corporations.
Outside of the socialist bloc, much of the world was newly liberated from colonial domination, but ripe for imperialist penetration in the post-war era. For two decades after WWII, the socialist bloc was united in solidarity with the forces in opposition to imperialism. Arrayed against the anti-imperialist alliance were the imperialist powers bound together by the NATO alliance and their client states. In the imperialist camp, the anti-Communist Cold War imperatives secured US leadership and contained inter-imperialist rivalries in this period.
Two worlds, or three?
It is both useful and accurate to characterize that era as a confrontation between imperialism and its opponents: imperialism and anti-imperialism.
But in the battle of ideas, Western intellectuals preferred to divide the world in a different fashion. They preferred to speak and write about three worlds: a First World of developed, ‘advanced’ capitalist countries, a Second World of Communism, and a Third World of underdeveloped or developing countries. Clearly, the gambit here was to isolate the world of Communism from the dynamics of global capitalism and plant the notion that, with the help of some stern advice and perhaps a loan, the Third World could enjoy the bounty of the First World. The Three-World concept captured completely the world view espoused by Gordon Gray in his missive to President Truman quoted above. Assuredly, the three-world distinction was both useful and productive for elites in the West–decidedly more useful than the division between imperialists and anti-imperialists.
Sadly, late-Maoism, breaking away from the socialist bloc, uncritically adopted the three-world concept in its polemics against the Soviet Union. Embracing a tortured, twisted re-interpretation, Maoism sought to separate the socialist world from the anti-imperialist struggle and establish the People’s Republic of China as a beacon for the Third World. In reality, this theoretical contortion resulted in the PRC consistently siding with imperialism for the next three decades on nearly every front, including and especially in Angola and Afghanistan.
Unfortunately, significant sectors of the Western left fell prey to the confusions engendered by the debates of that time. To this day, many liberals and left activists cannot locate opposition to US dominance as objectively anti-imperialist. They place their own personal distaste for regimes like that of Milosevic, Assad or Gaddafi ahead of a people’s objective resistance to the dictations of imperialism. Confusion over the central role of the imperialism/anti-imperialism dynamic breeds cynicism and misplaced allegiances.
For example, Islamic fundamentalist fighters sided with imperialism against the socialist-oriented government of Afghanistan and Soviet internationalists. When the same forces turned on their imperialist masters their actions, not their ideology, became objectively speaking anti-imperialist. For other reasons–irrationalism, fanaticism, intolerance–we may condemn or disown them, while locating them, at the same time, in the framework of anti-imperialism. Similarly, in the imperialist dismantling of Yugoslavia, it doesn’t matter whether imperialism’s collaborators were Croatian Ustashi-fascists, or Bosnian liberals, they were all aligned with imperialism and its goals. Those who opposed these goals were acting objectively in the service of anti-imperialism. Moral rigidity is no excuse for ignoring the course of historical processes. Nor are murky notions of human rights.
As it has for well over a century, viewing international relations through the lens of imperialism/anti-imperialism serves as the best guide to clarity and understanding; imperialists prey as well upon those who we may find otherwise objectionable.
Confront or undermine?
It would be wrong to leave the impression that US imperialism is solely based upon dollar persuasion or economic coercion. American military might exists as the international police force for imperial maintenance and expansion. The difference is that the US variant of imperialism chooses the option of planting military installations throughout the world–like the cavalry outposts of Western lore–rather than incur the costs of infrastructure and administration associated with Old World colonialism.
In addition, US imperialism confers special status on trusted watchdogs strategically placed in various regions. Before the revolution, the Shah’s Iran functioned as a regional cop, armed with the latest US weaponry. South Korea filled a similar role in the Far East, replacing Taiwan after US rapprochement with the PRC. With sensitivity to oil politics, the US has paired reliable Arab countries–Saudi Arabia or Egypt–with Israel to look after things in the Near East.
But employing regional gendarmes has challenged US policies as domestic upheavals or peer embarrassment has convinced some trusted clients that subservience will be widely viewed as–well, slavish subservience. Consequently, cooperation with the US has become more covert, less servile.
The hottest moments of the Cold War demonstrated that military confrontation with Communist led forces was not a wise move either in desired results or costs. The Korean and Indochinese Wars, interventions visiting a military reign of terror on small countries, proved that even the greatest imperialist military machine could not match the tenacity and dedication to victory of a far less materially advantaged foe. After the decisive victory of the Vietnamese liberators, the US never again sought a direct military confrontation with Communism.
But when the struggle of those fighting to escape imperialism and the capitalist orbit escalated, the US began relying more on surrogates, mercenaries, and clients. In place of direct military intervention, US policymakers relied on covert schemes, secret armies, and economic sabotage. In the Portuguese African colonies and South Africa, in Ethiopia, South Yemen, Nicaragua, Afghanistan and several other countries, Marxism-Leninism served as a guiding ideology for liberation and nation-building. At the same time, Marxist parties played a significant role in the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), in the Portuguese revolution, and in European politics. By the end of the 1970s, the zenith of militant anti-imperialism and the global influence of Marxism-Leninism were reached. Imperialism appeared to be in retreat worldwide. And the leading imperialist country, the US, had suffered a domestic crisis of legitimacy from the extra-legalities of the Nixon Administration and serious economic instability.
Unfortunately, supporting this shift in the balance of forces globally came at great costs to the Soviet economy. The newly born, socialist-oriented countries were largely resource-poor, economically ravaged, and riven with ethnic and social schisms, all of which were easily and readily exploited by imperialism. Aid and assistance taxed the Soviet economy and in no small way contributed to the demise of the Soviet Union a decade later. Civil war, dysfunctional economies (thanks to colonialism), insufficient cadres, and unskilled administrators left those committed to building socialism facing a profound challenge, a challenge that proved impossible for most after the demise of the Soviet Union. It would have taken decades to integrate these countries into the socialist economic community. Unfortunately, they were not granted that opportunity.
Faced with a deteriorating international position, the cornerstone of the imperialist alliance–the US and the UK–changed course, electing regimes that refused to accept a restructured world order disadvantaging imperialism. The Thatcher and Reagan administrations signaled a new belligerence, a vigorous and aggressive assault on the twentieth-century bastion of anti-imperialism, the socialist community. A massive arms build-up and innumerable covert interventions coincided with the rise of an ideologically soft-headed Soviet leadership to dismantle the European socialist community in the decade to follow.
With the demise of the European socialist bloc, imperialism regained its nineteenth-century swagger, enjoying a nearly unopposed freedom of action. TINA–the doctrine that There Is No Alternative–seemed to prevail as much for imperial domination, as for capitalism.
A shaken international left faced a new, unfavorable balance of forces going into a new century. Far too many stumbled, took to navel-gazing, or spun fanciful, speculative explanations of the new era. The moment was reminiscent of the period after the failed revolution of 1905 famously described by Lenin:
Depression, demoralisation, splits, discord, defection, and pornography took the place of politics. There was an ever greater drift towards philosophical idealism; mysticism became the garb of counter-revolutionary sentiments. At the same time, however, it was this great defeat that taught the revolutionary parties and the revolutionary class a real and very useful lesson, a lesson in historical dialectics, a lesson in an understanding of the political struggle, and in the art and science of waging that struggle. It is at moments of need that one learns who one’s friends are. Defeated armies learn their lesson.
Unfortunately, most of the left learned nothing from the defeat of 1991.
Militant anti-imperialism returns
If Marx teaches us nothing else, he reminds us that historical processes play out in unexpected, perhaps even unwelcome ways. The suppression of secularism as a tactic for disarming movements for independence or social progress is as old as the British Empire and probably older. Certainly the British colonial authorities were masters at divide and conquer, encouraging ethnic or religious differences to smother otherwise secular movements. It was this proven approach that joined US and Israeli policy planners in making every effort to discredit, thwart, split, and penetrate every secular movement in the Middle East: influential and substantial Communist Parties, left Ba’athists, radical democrats, nationalists, etc. The secular PLO was notably targeted. At the same time, they sought to use Islamic fundamentalists by covertly supporting them as an alternative and actively encouraging divisive conflict. Hamas was one such organization, chosen specifically as a hostile option to the militantly anti-imperialist PLO.
Similarly, the US and its allies sought to weaken the Soviet effort in Afghanistan by funding and arming the Islamic fundamentalists engaged in a civil war against forces advocating free, secular education, land reform, gender equality, and modernization.
Radical Islamic fundamentalism had waned in the 1950s and 1960s, losing momentum to the awakening inspired by Nasserism and other nascent national movements. But the encouragement and material support of the US and Israel rekindled these movements. Add the demise of the Soviet Union and the loss of support for secular national movements, and imperialism blazed a path for the growth and prominence of fundamentalism.
Not surprisingly, the grievances, the injustices endured by the people of the Middle East now found expression through the organs and institutions of fundamentalism, just as the peoples of Latin America found expression for their plight through the Catholic Church when denied other options by fascistic military dictatorships.
The Palestinian Hamas-inspired intifada shocked Israel and its allies from their smug arrogance. And the brutal attacks on US interests, the US military, and on targets in the domestic US further shocked imperialism. Lost in the revenge hysteria, hyper-patriotism, and religious bigotry fueled by the attacks were the casus belli invoked by the fundamentalists: the occupation of Palestine since the 1967 war and the use of Saudi bases as US military staging points before and after the 1991 invasion of Iraq.
While the targeting of civilians is regrettable, it is regrettable in its entirety: whether they be German civilians bombed by the allies in Dresden, Korean women and children massacred by US soldiers in Taejon, or villages destroyed by US aircraft in Vietnam. But it is more than a curiosity or a mark of barbarism that oppressed peoples facing a modern, advanced army with superior resources fight by different rules. Nor has there ever been an anti-imperialist movement that was not called ‘terrorist’ by its adversaries. Granting that Marx and Engels were not always consistent or correct on these questions, Engels offers insight in his column in the New York Daily Tribune published on June 5, 1857:
The piratical policy of the British Government has caused the universal outbreak of all Chinese against all foreigners, and marked it as a war of extermination.
What is an army to do against a people resorting to such means of warfare?… Civilization-mongers who throw hot shells on a defenseless city and add rape to murder, may call the system cowardly, barbarous, atrocious; but what matters to the Chinese if it be only successful? Since the British treat them as barbarians, they cannot deny to them the full benefit of their barbarism. If their kidnappings, surprises, midnight massacres are what we call cowardly, the civilization-mongers should not forget that according to their own showing they could not stand against European means of destruction with their ordinary means of warfare.
In short, instead of moralizing on the horrible atrocities of the Chinese, as the chivalrous English press does, we had better recognize that this is a war pro aris et focis, a popular war for the maintenance of Chinese nationality, with all its overbearing prejudice, stupidity, learned ignorance and pedantic barbarism if you like, but yet a popular war. And in a popular war the means used by the insurgent nation cannot be measured by the commonly recognized rules of regular warfare, nor by any other abstract standard, but by the degree of civilization only attained by that insurgent nation.
Political Cartoon Lampoons Robber Barons
Writing well over a century-and-a-half ago, Engels better understood the dynamics of anti-imperialist resistance than modern-day commentators, including most of the left.
Failing to understand the dynamic of ‘popular war,’ as Engels called it, only led to escalation: an invasion and occupation of Afghanistan, a subsequent invasion and occupation of Iraq, incursions in Somalia, drone attacks throughout the region, aggression against Libya, destabilizing Syria, isolating Iran and other actions proclaimed as ‘anti-terrorist,’ but perceived by the people of the Middle East as aimed at forcing their submission to outside diktats. Accordingly, there is little chance that the hostilities invited and unleashed by imperialism will ebb any time soon. Only an exit and a cessation of meddling can promise that result.
Writing in 1989, well before the full unfolding of militant Islamic fundamentalism, Manfred Bienefeld reflected upon what he saw as the dimming prospects for anti-imperialist struggle, speculating on the—
…terrible possibility that in today’s world these forces may be permanently beaten back aided by the massive resources and powers available to the ‘international system’ and their local collaborators. It is striking that those movements that appear to be capable of sustaining such resistance for any length of time are movements like those of Islamic fundamentalism which refuse to calculate costs and benefits according to the calculus of those who shape the international system. [my emphasis]
Bienefeld’s words were eerily prescient.
Like the Chinese response to British aggression, the resistance to US imperialism in the Middle East has been nasty; fighters have refused to submit to incineration and slaughter like the Iraqi army when faced with an overwhelmingly overpowering conventional army in 1991 and 2003. And like the English press cited by Engels, the Western media moralizes over tactics while purposefully ignoring the century of great-power aggression, occupation, and colonization of the region. For the apologists of imperialism, the systematic injustices of the past carry no moral weight against the most desperate actions of the powerless. One is reminded of the scene in Pontecorvo’s brilliant film, The Battle of Algiers, when the captured Ben M’Hidi is asked by a reporter why the liberation movement, FLN, plants bombs in discos and schools. His reply is succinct: “Let us have your bombers and you can have our women’s baskets.”
Where Islamic fundamentalism will take the people of the Middle East (and other areas of largely Islamic populations) is unclear. Close study of the different threads would undoubtedly show different and socially and economically diverse prospects. But what is clear is that as long as it carries the mantle of the only force resisting imperialism in the region, it will enjoy support and probably grow, though fraught with the contradictions that come from religious zealotry.
Risings in the south
Resistance to imperialism in the backyard of the US–Central and South America–has a long and noble history: long, because it traces back to the fight of the indigenous people against conquest and enslavement; noble, because millions have given life and limb in wars of liberation and movements of resistance.
But it wasn’t until 1959 that a Latin American country broke completely away from the grasp of imperialism. The Cuban revolution produced a government hostile to foreign intervention, rapacious landowners, and greedy corporations—a formula sure to bring the disapproval of the powerful neighbor to the north. The rebel leaders met threats with defiance. As US belligerence began to suffocate the revolution, the Cuban leaders turned to and received support from the socialist community. In retaliation for this audacious move, the US organized an invasion of the island, only to be met with overwhelming, unexpected resistance. Unable to bring Cuba to its knees, imperialism enacted a cruel quarantine of Cuban socialism that persists to this day.
In the post-war era, the cause of the Popular Unity program in Chile inspired a generation in much the way that the cause of the Spanish Republic inspired a generation in the 1930s. The Allende government embodied the aspirations of nearly the entire left: a break from US imperial domination and a peaceful, electoral road to socialism. In 1973 those aspirations were dashed by economic subversion, the CIA, and a brutal coup launched by the Chilean military. More importantly, the coup in Chile sent the message that US imperialism would readily accept military, even fascist rule in Latin America before it would tolerate others following the Cuban path, the path away from imperialist domination.
But the tide of anti-imperialism could not be held back. Leaders like Lula, Rousseff, and Bachelet emerged from resistance to military dictators or, like Morales, from trade union militancy. As democratic changes inevitably surfaced, all were positioned and prepared to take their respective countries in another direction. The Kirchners in Argentina were more a product of the Peronista tradition of populist nationalism, a tradition often annoying the superpower to the north.
But most interesting and, in many ways, most promising, was the emergence of Hugo Chavez as the lightning rod for anti-imperialism in Latin America. Because Chavez rose from the military, he seemed to hold a key to unlocking the problem of military meddling in Latin American politics. Moreover, the Venezuelan military was a Latin American rarity–a military unwelcoming to US training and penetration. Chavez’s prestige with the military held or neutralized much of the military from going over to the 2002 coup attempt.
Clearly the most radical of the wave of new Latin American leaders, Chavez advocated for socialism. While Venezuelan ‘socialism’ remains a visionary, moralistic project, neither fully developed nor firmly grounded, it counts as an energetic pole raising questions of economic justice in the most profound fashion. Growing from a strong personal relationship between Hugo and his spiritual kin, Fidel, Cuba and Venezuela mark one pole of militant anti-imperialism. Together, they stand for political and economic independence from the discipline of great powers, their institutions, and transnational corporations.
Because they cherish their independence, they have earned the enmity of US imperialism. Lest anyone believe the recent trade for the Cuban patriots negotiated by the Cuban government means that the US government seeks peaceful co-existence with anti-imperialism, think again. The US has, in fact, escalated its aggression against Venezuela and the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea on the heels of that exchange.
The other social and political movements formed in Latin America range across the political spectrum from cautiously social democratic to avowedly socialist. They stretch from Nicaragua in Central America through the entire Southern continent. Though they have no common political ideology, they have a shared aversion to accepting the demands of greater powers, a refusal to toe the imperialist line. To a lesser or greater extent, they support independence from the economic institutions governing the global economy. And they tend to support the consolidation and mutual support of their vital interests within the Latin American community. To that extent, they constitute a progressive, anti-imperialist bloc.
Today’s imperialism and its problems
Any survey of imperialism and its adversaries must note the pathetic role of most of the US and European left in recent years. Even in the most repressive moments of the Cold War, large anti-war movements challenged militarism, aggression, and war. But those movements have shriveled before indifference and ideological confusion. In the post-Soviet era, imperialism cynically appropriated the language of human rights and manipulated or bred an entire generation of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) with innocuous, seemingly socially conscious banners, but disruptive missions. So-called ‘color’ revolutions proliferated, paradoxically supported and directed by a host of government and private-capital funded NGOs. These organizations promoted a brand of ‘democracy’ that mobilized Western-oriented liberals and Western culture-mesmerized youth against established, often election-legitimized governments. Most of the Western left naively applauded and uncritically supported these actions with no understanding of the forces at play.
Much of the European and US left passively watched the dismantling of Yugoslavia–blinded by NATO proclamations about self-determination and ethnic violence, as if kindling the fires of extreme nationalism would produce anything other than separatism and hatred. In a masterful assault on credibility, NATO bombs were interpreted as enforcing human rights in Serbia and Kosovo.
The imperialist game of deception proved to work so well that it has been repeated again and again, in Iraq, Libya, Ukraine, and Syria, to only name a few. It’s a sad commentary on the US labor movement (and its European counterparts) that it stands aloof from US imperialism (when not assisting it). Samuel Gompers, the conservative, first President of the American Federation of Labor joined the Anti-Imperialist League over a century ago; his counterparts of today cannot utter the words.
Looking back, it is likely that few if any of the US and NATO aggressions of the last twenty-five years would have been dared if the Soviet Union still existed. Put another way, nearly all of the many interventions and wars against minor military powers were initiated because the US recognized that there was no powerful deterrent like the former Soviet Union. In that sense, imperialism has had a free hand.
Nonetheless, while twenty-first century imperialism endures, it does so despite great challenges and severe strains. Unending wars and deep and lasting economic crises have winded the US and its NATO allies. Military resistance to imperialism has proven resilient and determined, as would be expected of those fighting in defense of their own territory. The US all-volunteer military and low casualty rate have been a calculated success in pacifying many in the US, yet there is a widespread disillusionment with war’s duration and lack of resolution. Despite media courtiers continually stirring the pot of fear and hatred with hysterical calls for a war on ‘terror,’ the cost of that war in material and human terms becomes more and more apparent.
Memories of Vietnam haunt military strategists in the US who are finding it difficult to disengage in the face of escalating violence and the surfacing of new adversaries. It may be tempting to follow the lead of many liberals and label the trail of broken nations, shattered cities, slaughtered and maimed people traveled by the US military, its mercenaries, and camp followers as a product of incompetence and miscalculations. It is not. Instead, it is the product of imperialism’s failure to peacefully maintain a global economic system that guarantees the exploitative and unequal relations that enable imperialist dominance. In fact, it is a sign of a weakening imperialism that less than thirty years ago triumphantly stood admiring its final victory.
The old symptoms return to afflict imperialism. Lenin saw the intensification of imperialist rivalries–competition for resources, spheres of influence, capital penetration–as an intrinsic feature of imperialism. In his time, the British Empire dominated, but with Euro-Asian rivals rising to challenge its supremacy. Commentators noted the ‘scramble’ for colonies and the rising tensions that ensued. Military and economic blocs were formed to strengthen the hands of the various contestants. World War followed.
Focus on the Good Apples
While inter-imperialist war may not be imminent, the signs of discord, intensified competition, and shifting alliances are growing. Tensions between the US, the People’s Republic of China, Russia, and even the EU are constant. Japanese nationalism has stirred historic antagonisms in the Pacific region, challenging the PRC’s economic might. The US has sought not to diffuse these tensions, but to intervene to advance its own interests.
The US has promoted or prodded Eastern European nationalism to shear away countries that were formerly accepted as part of the Russian sphere of influence. Not surprisingly, Russia has interpreted these moves as hostile acts and taken countermeasures. The Ukrainian crisis has produced belligerence unseen since the Cold War. At the same time, the EU opposes escalating anti-Russian punitive sanctions urged by the US, sensing the danger of disrupted economic relations and even war at a time when the European community is already suffering severe economic pain.
New alliances have formed as a counter force to US imperialism. The BRIC group, for example, exists as a loose community made up of significant players in the global capitalist economy: PRC, India, Russia, and Brazil. Though the members are not ostensibly in conflict with the US, they oppose the hegemony of the US in international institutions and the tyranny of the US dollar in international markets. They espouse a multi-polar world without US domination. Theirs is not an anti-imperialist bloc, but an anti-US hegemony bloc. They are not opposed to the predation inherent in international economic competition; they are only opposed to US dominance of that predation.
This is in contrast to the ALBA bloc, a group of eleven Caribbean, Central and Southern American nations establishing an economic community. ALBA was envisioned by then Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez as an alliance moving to escape the clutches of the global economic system. Chavez saw the expanding development of mutual trade, shared institutions, integration and a common currency as steps toward a community more and more removed from the rapacious international capitalist system. Of course that is a promise only to be realized far into the future. Moreover, it is a project only capable of achieving escape velocity when the member states embrace socialist economic principles. Nonetheless, ALBA counts as a significant irritant to imperialism.
Political forces are unleashed worldwide that promise to disrupt the course of imperialism. Unanswered economic discontent has fueled nationalism and religious zealotry, forces that inspire distrust of existing institutions and open markets. Spain, for example, is riven with separatism; even the UK is threatened with Scottish autonomy. Economic nihilism and conspiratorial xenophobia have strengthened neo-fascist movements throughout Europe to the point where they seriously threaten the existing order.
Clearly, the political, social, and economic fabric of imperialism, its stability, and its ability to govern the world is under great stress. From world economic crisis to interminable wars, the world system has fallen far from its moment of celebration at the end of the Cold War.
Indeed, imperialism has changed. Colonialism–with the exception of Puerto Rico, Guam and a few other remnants of the past–is gone, with vestiges, like Hong Kong, either absorbed or liberated. Yet what otherwise exists today strongly resembles the imperialism of Lenin’s time, the imperialism of economically vulturous nations unfettered by a counter force like the Soviet Union. Perhaps, the ‘new’ imperialism is little more than a return to the imperialism that opened the last century with the US replacing Great Britain as the dominant imperial power–the ‘new’ is simply the reassertion of the old.
Understanding today’s imperialism requires some ideological re-tooling. The days of an alliance of socialist countries and newly liberated colonies searching for new roads under the socialist umbrella are past. In its stead are capitalist countries competing against the more dominating capitalist countries. Should they succeed in deposing the US, they in turn will fight to retain hegemony. That is, they will behave like a capitalist country. Of course opposing US hegemony is objectively anti-imperialist even when it seeks to impose its will on another capitalist country (Russia, today, for example). Indeed that is part of the struggle against imperialism–an essential part. Likewise, the struggle to resist and end US aggression and occupation of lands in the Middle East is a component of the contest with imperialism.
But the fight to end imperialism once and for all is the fight to end capitalism.
[Graphic: The Guardian]
 See The Legend of Isolationism in the 1920’s, Science and Society, Winter, 1954 for an early exposition of this thesis.
 The Point Four Program: Promise or Menace? Herman Olden and Paul Phillips, Science and Society, Summer, 1952, p 224.
 The Legend of Isolationism in the 1920’s, Science and Society, Winter, 1954, pp 13-16.
 Ibid. p 16.
 All data from Olden and Phillips pp 234-237.
 Olden and Phillips, p 232.
 Lenin, ‘Left-Wing’ Communism, an Infantile Disorder, International Publishers, 1969, p 13.
Forty Years After Angolanīs Independency An Ancestral Spirit Appears In An Abandoned Colonial Mansion.Luanda(Angola).
|Posted by The Reunion Black Family on March 13, 2016 at 8:00 PM||comments (0)|
I am not a demon. Who am I?
Forty years after Angolan´s independency an ancestral spirit appears in an abandoned colonial mansion, in the metropolitan city center of Luanda (Angola.The defamation of the african religion during colonialism disconnected most Angolans from their ancestors. Because its people now live life through Christianity its appearance is confused as a manifestation of demons.
During the scramble for Africa, white imperialists, priests and churches promoted christianity and civilization to remodel the African culture. European imperialism was aggressive and obligated most africans to abolish their cultural behavior and change their cultural values to adore a religion, culture, habits and language which worked in favor of colonialism, any other form of religion was a false superstition.
If you disconnect a man from its roots and you gain power over his mind, this man will become whatever you want him to become.
The ancestral spirit spoke in a dialect from the ancient Kingdom of Angola but his people could not understand him as most Angolans living in the metropolitan city speak Portuguese, French or English. His voice was condemned to be the roar of a demon tormenting the mansion visitors.
The tales told by street book sellers is that the opulent mansion is not sold but abandoned because of its demons. The defamation used in the imperialism period destroyed the respect and believe Angolans had about the existence of a higher power guiding them through spiritualism.
Imperialism had such a force that some colonised African countries continued to reject their roots, cultural values, power, land and ancient religious practices.
The ancestral spirit uses his body language to convince its people that his appearance is not the manifestation of a demon but a wise ancestor trying to speak to this generation to pass the wisdom and vision our ancestors have for Angola in the 21st century.
This is a tale written by street vendors and Keyezua#
|Posted by The Reunion Black Family on March 11, 2016 at 7:10 AM||comments (2)|
Obama slams Cameron, Sarkozy over Libya intervention
British leader David Cameron got “distracted” and French President Nicolas Sarkozy wanted to promote his country during the 2011 NATO-led military intervention in Libya, US President Barack Obama said in an interview with The Atlantic Thursday. Obama didn’t shy away from rebuking two of his closest allies in the extensive magazine interview, as he discussed the conditions surrounding the British and French-led bombing campaign that led to the fall of Moamer Kadhafi’s regime.
Obama said when he considers what went wrong in Libya, “there’s room for criticism because I had more faith in the Europeans, given Libya’s proximity, being invested in the follow-up.” Cameron stopped paying attention soon after the military operation, he said, becoming “distracted by a range of other things.”
During the bombing campaign, Obama said, Sarkozy wanted to “trumpet the flights he was taking in the air campaign, despite the fact that we had wiped out all the air defenses and essentially set up the entire infrastructure” for the operation. Since the government’s collapse, Libya has descended into near-anarchy, ruled by rival militias ISIS vying for power while the Islamic State group has gained influence in the country.
The US President also noted the French president at the time, Nicolas Sarkozy, lost his job the year after the 2011 invasion and criticised the French eagerness to take credit for overthrowing Colonel Muammar Gaddafi. Mr Obama said: Sarkozy wanted to trumpet the flights he was taking in the air campaign, despite the fact that we had wiped out all the air defences and essentially set up the entire infrastructure. Mr Cameron and Mr Sarkozy paid an infamous visit to Libya in September 2011 to be greeted as heroes and liberators. Five years later, Islamic State is taking hold in the east of the country, no government has been formed, and Washington is considering a new intervention. In the lengthy interview, that runs to 72 pages, President Obama also said that free riders aggravate me, in a pointed barb at Britains reluctance to spend 2% of GDP on the armed forces. You have to pay your fair share he told Mr Cameron and said Britain would no longer be able to claim a special relationship if it didnt.
|Posted by The Reunion Black Family on March 1, 2016 at 3:35 AM||comments (1)|
100 times a white actor played someone who wasn’t white.
100 times a white actor played someone who wasn’t white
shocked! — to learn this week that white guy Joseph Fiennes has been cast as African American icon Michael Jackson in a TV movie. But anyone who’s surprised at this news hasn’t been paying attention. Despite decades of protests over racially inappropriate casting and the recent protests over the lack of diversity among Oscar nominees, filmmakers continue to cast white actors as minority characters on a depressingly regular basis.
Hollywood has yet to wrap its mind around the fact that the ancient Middle East was not populated entirely by dashing white men with well-trimmed beards. It’s pretty well documented that the area was home to people with darker skin than, say, Richard Gere, Russell Crowe and Christian Bale, who’ve each taken a turn at playing a biblical hero (David, Noah and Moses, respectively). But here we are again, with “Gods of Egypt” set for release next month, and a slate of white actors is starring in a film about a place whose ancient inhabitants had brown skin and black hair. That’s not to say Hollywood hasn’t learned anything over the years — as early as 1965, the New York Times was horrified when a British version of “Othello” featured Laurence Olivier in blackface, and everyone now agrees that Mickey Rooney’s prosthetic buckteeth were the worst thing about “Breakfast at Tiffany’s.”
100 times a white actor played someone who wasn't white http://wpo.st/IwOH1
But even if Hollywood is having actors alter their physical appearance less than they used to, they’re not necessarily giving minority actors the opportunity to play minority roles. Instead, they’re making those roles white. Over a dozen times, Hollywood has taken source material (everything from real life to novels to Japanese anime) that featured people of color and turned it into movies starring white people. When the scripts get written, black Halmea is white Alma (“Hud,” 1963) and Hispanic Irina is lily-white Irene (“Drive,” 2011). These moves aren’t necessarily made to accommodate great acting talents. Although Angelina Jolie has done this a time or two (“A Mighty Heart,” “Cleopatra” you’re more likely to see it from repeat offender Rob Schneider.
Just how common is this practice?
Take a look:.“The Birth of a Nation,” 1915: The first movie ever screened inside the White House featured multiple white actors in blackface. One of them, Walter Long, was listed in the credits as “renegade Negro.”
“Broken Blossoms,” 1919: Richard Barthelmess, a white actor, played Cheng Huan. Not a great sign that the alternate title of the movie was “The Yellow Man and the Girl.”. “The Sheik,” 1921: A white actor, Rudolph Valentino, played the eponymous sheik, an Arab character named Ahmed Ben Hassan.
“The Thief of Baghdad,” 1924: Douglas Fairbanks, a white actor, played an Aladdin-like character who was supposedly from, well, Baghdad. Julanne Johnston, a white actress, played a smitten Baghdadi princess.
“The Son of the Sheik,” 1926: Rudolph Valentino reprised his role as the sheik. Vilma Banky, a white Hungarian actress, played the Arab dancer Yasmin.
“The Jazz Singer,” 1927: A white actor, Al Jolson, played the lead role in blackface. Black audiences weren’t necessarily opposed to the portrayal, which they saw as potentially paving the way for (actual) black performers to take leading roles in future movies. The Amsterdam News, the oldest black newspaper in the country, called “The Jazz Singer” “one of the greatest pictures ever produced” and wrote that “[e]very colored performer is proud of” Jolson.
“Charlie Chan Carries On,” 1931: Warner Oland, a white actor, played the Chinese character for the first of seven times. He wore the same goofy mustache every time.
“Swing Time,” 1936: Fred Astaire appeared in blackface in a musical number that most people read as a tribute to, rather than a mockery of, black tap dancer Bill Robinson.
“The Good Earth,” 1937: Every lead actor in this movie, based on Pearl S. Buck’s novel about a family of Chinese farmers, was white.
“Everybody Sing,” 1938: Judy Garland’s character in this musical wasn’t black, but she attempted to join a musical troupe by auditioning in blackface..
“Dragon Seed,” 1944: Katherine Hepburn wore prosthetic eyelids to play Chinese heroine Jade Tan. Hepburn is the most famous white actor in the cast, but certainly not the only one — only children and extras were played by Chinese actors.
“Anna and the King of Siam,” 1946: Rex Harrison, a white British actor, played King Mongkut.
“Fiesta,” 1947: Usually blonde actress Esther Williams played Maria Morales, a Mexican woman who dreams of being a bullfighter.
“Lost Boundaries,” 1949: Mel Ferrer, the son of a Cuban father and American mother, played a light-skinned black doctor who passed as white in an effort to secure a job.
“Winchester ’73,” 1950: Rock Hudson, a white actor of German, Swiss, English and Irish descent, played a Native American character named Young Bull, who delivered the memorable line, “All white men are thieves.” Of movie parts as well as land, apparently.
“Show Boat,” 1951: Ava Gardner played a mixed-race character who was passing as white, making her marriage to a white man both dangerous and illegal. Lena Horne, an actress who was actually mixed-race, was considered for the part but ultimately rejected due to discomfort over interracial love scenes.
“Othello,” 1952: One of literature’s most famous black characters is also one of the most commonly portrayed in blackface. But Orson Welles, who played the title character in this adaptation of the classic play, had the sense to skip the blackface in favor of a “mild bronzing.”
“Apache,” 1954: Just go ahead and guess what kind of character Burt Lancaster played here.
“Love Is a Many-Splendored Thing,” 1955: Dr. Han Suyin, the mixed-race doctor from China who falls for an American in Hong Kong in this movie, asserts, “I’m Eurasian!” throughout the film. But the actress who played Suyin, Jennifer Jones, was neither European nor Asian; Jones was born in Tulsa, Okla., to American parents.
“The Teahouse of the August Moon,” 1956: Marlon Brando played a Japanese man named Sakini.
“The Conqueror,” 1956: John Wayne played Genghis Khan.
“The Ten Commandments,” 1956: American Charlton Heston and Russian-born actor Yul Brynner, both white, played a Hebrew hero and Egyptian pharaoh, respectively, in the Biblical epic.
“The King and I,” 1956: It was a busy year for Yul Brynner. In addition to playing Ramses II in “The Ten Commandments,” Brynner took a turn as King Mongkut of Siam in what would become a lifelong role for him. (He went on to play Mongkut 4,625 times onstage.)
“Touch of Evil,” 1958: Charlton Heston played a Mexican character in degrees of brownface that varied noticeably throughout the movie.
“Imitation of Life,” 1959: Susan Kohner, a mixed-race actress, won two Golden Globes for her portrayal of Sarah Jane, a mixed-race young woman. So far, so good! But Kohner’s mother was Mexican and her father was Czech; Sarah Jane was supposedly half-black and passing as white.
“West Side Story,” 1961: Natalie Wood played the Puerto Rican Maria.
“Breakfast at Tiffany’s,” 1961: If you can think of an offensive stereotype related to Japanese people, Mickey Rooney probably employed it in his portrayal of Mr. Yunioshi. Yellowface? Check. Buckteeth? Got that too. Outrageous accent? Yup. Rooney defended the part for years, but ultimately made a sort-of apology.
“King of Kings,” 1961: White actor Jeffrey Hunter played Jesus in yet another biblical epic populated almost entirely by white folks playing characters of Middle Eastern descent.
“A Majority of One,” 1961: Alec Guinness, a white British actor, played Japanese businessman Koichi Asano.
“The Outsider,” 1961: Tony Curtis, a white actor of Hungarian descent, played Ira Hamilton Hayes, a Native American soldier creatively nicknamed “Chief.”
“Lawrence of Arabia,” 1962: Repeat offender Alec Guinness played the Arab Prince Faisal.
“Cleopatra,” 1963: Elizabeth Taylor played the last Egyptian pharaoh.
“Hud,” 1963: Patricia Neal, a white actress, won an Oscar for her role as Alma, a sought-after housekeeper who fends off the advances of multiple men. In the book on which the movie was based, “Alma” was “Halmea,” a black woman. The movie’s screenwriter later said, “We would have loved to keep her black for the movie,” but “in those days you simply couldn’t do it.” He admitted it wasn’t “because the talent wasn’t there — there were at least a half-dozen powerhouse black actresses who could have played that role. But the times weren’t ready for it yet.”
“The Face of Fu Manchu,” 1965: Before he was Saruman the White in the Lord of the Rings series, Christopher Lee was “an evil Chinese mastermind” with extravagant facial hair and suspiciously narrowed eyes. The actor would play Fu Manchu in numerous sequels.
“The Greatest Story Ever Told,” 1965: White actor Max von Sydow played Jesus.
“Othello,” 1965: Laurence Olivier played the title character in blackface so outrageous that New York Times critic Bosley Crowther was forced to use an exclamation point in his indignant review of the movie.
“Stay Away, Joe,” 1968: Elvis Presley played Joe Lightcloud, a Native American character.
“The Party,” 1968: Peter Sellers, a white British actor, played the main character, an Indian man named Hrundi V. Bakshi, in brownface.
“The Wind and the Lion,” 1975: Sean Connery played Raisuli, a character who was loosely based on the real-life Mulai Ahmed er Raisuni, a sort of Moroccan Robin Hood figure.
“The Year of Living Dangerously,” 1982: Linda Hunt, a white actress, played a male Chinese-Australian dwarf. We don’t know either.
“A Passage to India,” 1984: Alec Guinness (hi again!) played the Indian scholar Narayan Godbole.
“King David,” 1985: Richard Gere played David.
“Remo Williams: The Adventure Begins,” 1985: Joel Gray, a white guy from Cleveland, played Chiun, a Korean martial arts master.
“Delta Force,” 1986: Robert Forster played Abdul.
“Allan Quatermain & the Lost City of Gold,” 1986: Robert Donner, a white actor, played Swarma, a vaguely Asian guru who’s always causing problems. In stills from the movie, Donner appears to be wearing brownface and is doing something goofy with his hands in every single shot.
“Short Circuit,” 1986: White actor Fisher Stevens played Indian engineer Ben Jabituya.
“Short Circuit 2,” 1988: A young Aziz Ansari was delighted when he saw this movie. “An Indian lead character? With a Caucasian love interest? In the 1980s? What’s going on here?” he wondered. Well, brownface. A few years later, Ansari hopped on IMDB and discovered that “the Indian guy was a white guy.” There’s a happy ending, sort of. Ansari tracked Fisher down and talked to him about the role, ultimately concluding that he was a “well-intentioned if slightly misguided young actor who needed a job during a more culturally insensitive time.”
“The Last Temptation of Christ,” 1988: You know the drill. Biblical epic, so we’ve got a white dude (this time Willem Dafoe) playing Jesus.
“Not Without My Daughter,” 1991: British-American actor Alfred Molina played Sayed Bozorg “Moody” Mahmoody, an abusive Iranian character.
“The House of the Spirits,” 1993: Winona Ryder, Meryl Streep, Vanessa Redgrave and Glenn Close played Blanca Trueba, Clara del Valle, Nivea del Valle and Ferula Trueba, respectively, in this adaptation of Isabel Allende’s novel. Despite being set in Chile and featuring characters who were supposedly of Latin American origin, the film’s only women of color played a prostitute, a rape victim and a nanny.
“Carlito’s Way,” 1993: Al Pacino played “lisping” Puerto-Rican Carlito.
“Father of the Bride Part II,” 1995: Jewish Canadian actor Eugene Levy played Mr. Habib, an Arab character.
“Starship Troopers,” 1997: White actor Casper Van Dien played Johnny Rico, a now-white character who was of Filipino descent in the book on which the movie was based.
“Mask of Zorro,” 1998: Welsh actor Anthony Hopkins played Spanish hero Zorro (as did Antonio Banderas, who is actually Spanish).
“Big Daddy,” 1999: Rob Schneider, a white actor with a penchant for unfortunate roles in Adam Sandler movies, tackled the role of Middle Eastern delivery guy.
“Pay It Forward,” 2000: Kevin Spacey played social studies teacher Eugene Simonet, who was white in the movie but black (and named Reuben St. Clair) in the book. Rumor has it that Denzel Washington was offered the role of Reuben, but he declined. Obviously the next choice was Kevin Spacey.
“The Human Stain,” 2003: Anthony Hopkins played Coleman Silk, a black professor who passes as white.
“The Passion of the Christ,” 2004: White guy Jim Caviezel played Jesus.
“Memoirs of a Geisha,” 2005: Okay, so this one didn’t involve white people, but it did stir up trouble. Michelle Yeoh and Zhang Ziyi, both Chinese actresses, played Japanese characters Mameha and Sayuri, respectively. This infuriated people across Asia: Japanese critics were incensed that Japanese actresses hadn’t been chosen for the parts, and their Chinese counterparts resented seeing Chinese women in geisha roles, particularly given the history of Japanese soldiers kidnapping Chinese women and forcing them into sexual slavery during World War II.
“World Trade Center,” 2006: William Mapother played Marine Sargeant Thomas, one of the men who helped rescue two Port Authority Police Officers from the rubble of the World Trade Center. In real life, Thomas is black; Mapother is white.
Angelina Jolie in “A Mighty Heart” (AP Photo/Paramount Vantage/Peter Mountain)
“A Mighty Heart,” 2007: Angelina Jolie played Mariane Pearl, the wife of kidnapped journalist Daniel Pearl. Pearl is a French-born woman of Afro-Cuban descent; Jolie appeared to darken her skin and alter her hair for the role.
“Stuck,” 2007: Mena Suvari played Brandi Boski, a character clearly based on Chante Mallard, who is black in real life. There might have been some plausible deniability here, if not for the decision to put Suvari’s blonde hair in cornrows.
“30 Days of Night,” 2007: Josh Hartnett played Eben Oleson, a character who was of Inuit descent in the original comic book series.
“I Now Pronounce You Chuck and Larry,” 2007: Rob Schneider appeared as “Asian Minister.”
Mike Myers (center) in “The Love Guru”
100 times a white actor played someone who wasn't white http://wpo.st/IwOH1
“The Love Guru,” 2008: Canadian Mike Myers played the supposedly Indian Guru Pitka (and “Young Pitka,” and “Teenage Pitka” in this comedy. He skipped the brownface but went for an elaborate brown beard. You know who wasn’t miscast in this movie? The Deepak Chopra character, who was played by Deepak Chopra.
“21,” 2008: Virtually every actor in this movie was racially miscast. The nearly all-white cast was composed of Kevin Spacey, Jim Sturgess and Jacob Pitts, among others, but almost everyone involved in the real-life card-counting scheme that inspired the movie was of Asian descent.
“Dragonball: Evolution,” 2009: Justin Chatwin, a white Canadian actor, played main character Goku, who was Japanese in the original manga on which the movie was based
“Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince,” 2009: Here’s a head-scratcher: in the early Harry Potter movies, Lavender Brown was a Gryffindor student who appeared onscreen a few times but doesn’t have a huge role. In those early movies, she was played by black British actresses: Kathleen Cauley in “Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets” and Jennifer Smith in “Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban.” But before Lavender Brown’s part became a speaking role in “Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince,” filmmakers held an open casting call for the part, and they replaced Smith with Jessie Cave, a blonde, British tap-dancer.
“Prince of Persia: The Sands of Time,” 2010: In a widely mocked casting decision, Jake Gyllenhall was tapped to play Dastan, the aforementioned prince.
“The Social Network,” 2010: Max Minghella played Divya Narendra, who was one of the creators of HarvardConnection, a predecessor to Facebook. Minghella is a British actor of Chinese and European descent; Narendra is Indian American.
“Avatar: The Last Airbender,” 2010: In the anime series that inspired this movie, all the characters were Asian or Native American. In the film version, the three primary protagonists had been transformed into white characters — only the villain remained a person of color.
“Drive,” 2011: Carey Mulligan played Irene, who was portrayed as white in the movie but was Hispanic in the original novel. The script initially called for an “Irina,” but the name was changed to “Irene” after Mulligan signed on.
“Day of the Falcoln,” 2011: Spanish swashbuckler Antonio Banderas played Emer Nesib, an Arab character, and white actor Mark Strong played Sultan Amar.
“Argo,” 2012: Ben Affleck played Tony Mendez, an American whose father was Mexican. Some people criticized the casting choice, but Mendez is on the record as saying he doesn’t think of himself as Hispanic and didn’t object to Affleck playing him.
“The Lone Ranger,” 2013: Johnny Depp played Native American sidekick Tonto. Don’t worry though; Depp was adopted into the Comanche Nation the year before the movie was released.
“Star Trek Into Darkness,” 2013: Benedict Cumberbatch played Khan, a villain of Indian descent.
“Warm Bodies,” 2013: Analeigh Tipton played Nora, who was portrayed as white in the movie but who was half-Ethiopian in the original book.
“Exodus, Gods and Kings,” 2014: Where to begin? In this movie you can find Christian Bale as Moses; Australian Joel Edgerton as Ramses; John Turturro as Seti; Spanish actress Maria Valverde as Zipporah, Sigourney Weaver as Tuya, and the British Ben Kingsley as Nun. What you are not going to find is anyone from Egypt in a leading role.
“Noah,” 2014: This Biblical epic doesn’t do any better. Top billing goes to actors from New Zealand, the United States, and Britain, including Russell Crowe, Jennifer Connelly, Ray Winstone, Anthony Hopkins and Emma Watson.
“Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles,” 2014: White actor William Fichtner played Eric Sacks, a villain who’s typically depicted as Japanese; he’ll reprise the role in future movies.
“Aloha,” 2015: Fair-skinned Emma Stone played the lead, who was written as a mixed-race character with a Swedish mother and a half-Chinese, half-Native Hawaiian father.
“The Martian,” 2015: Filmmakers really mixed things up here. Mackenzie Davis, a white actress, played Mindy Park, who was Korean-American in the original novel. And they transformed Venkat Kapoor, who was an Indian man in the novel, into “Vincent,” who was played by Chiwetel Ejiofor, a British actor of Nigerian descent.
“Pan,” 2015: Rooney Mara played the Native American Princess Tiger Lily, to everyone’s chagrin.
“Dr. Strange,” 2016: Tilda Swinton is set to play “The Ancient One,” a male Tibetan mystic.
“Ghost In the Shell,” 2017: Scarlett Johansson has signed on to play Motoko Kusanagi, who is Japanese in the anime series the movie is based on.
100 times a white actor played someone who wasn’t white
100 times a white actor played someone who wasn't white http/wpo.st/IwOH1
|Posted by The Reunion Black Family on March 1, 2016 at 2:55 AM||comments (0)|
Africa American Family Were Asleep in Car When Cops Arrived and Killed Them Both.
Inglewood, CA — On Sunday, police responded to a call of a suspicious vehicle parked on Manchester Boulevard around 3:10 am. When police arrived, they engaged in a 45-minute long standoff before opening fire on the man and woman inside the vehicle, killing them both.
In the news release on Monday, following the shooting, police claimed that the woman in the car had a gun. Scott Collins, a spokesman for the Inglewood Police Department said that the couple refused to obey the officers’ commands to exit the vehicle. The officers then feared for their safety and opened fire on the car — killing the couple.
The woman was pronounced dead shortly after the shooting, and the man succumbed to his injuries after paramedics transported him to a local hospital, according to the LA Times.
The shooting seemed like an open and shut case until the next day. Mayor James Butts, while responding to questions about the shooting, opened up a huge can of worms — both the man and the woman were unconscious.
For at least 45 minutes, police attempted “to rouse” them in an effort “to de-escalate the situation,” said Butts.
After admitting that the couple was asleep, Butts quickly defended the officers, noting, “Obviously at some point they were conscious because somebody felt threatened.”
However, that notion has yet to be proven and is particularly unlikely due to the fact that not a single officer received so much as a scratch, nor did the couple have any reason to be violent.
Both of the victims were parents; Kisha Michael, 31, a single mother of three sons, and Marquintan Sandlin, 32, a single father of four daughters.
Michael’s twin sister Kisha stated the obvious when she said that it’s possible that Kisha merely passed out on the way home from their night out.
Families for both described them as devoted parents who made arrangements for care of their children while they took a night off, according to NBC Los Angeles.
“The police ain’t telling us nothing,” said Trisha Michael after being met with tight lips from the department.
“He was a loving father,” said Sandlin’s sister Leandra Faulkner. “All he cared about was his girls, getting them right.”
Of course, as is standard procedure for all those killed by police, their arrest records were released to shame them. Michael was on probation for a misdemeanor last year, and 7 years ago, Sandlin was charged with unlawful possession of a firearm in Los Angeles.
According to his relatives, Sandlin had a ‘rough life’ but had turned it around and was working as a successful truck driver.
Sadly, these children will now grow up knowing that their parents were taken from them by cops, scared of a sleeping couple.
|Posted by The Reunion Black Family on February 25, 2016 at 5:10 PM||comments (1)|
The world would be better if Muammar Gaddafi and Saddam Hussein still in power ..Donald Trump
US Republican Party's presidential candidate, Donald Trump, has once again caused a stir by expressing his beliefs that the world would be a better place if Muammar Gaddafi and Saddam Hussein still ruled over their countries US Republican presidential candidate, Donald Trump. Donald Trump has a way with words that complements his personality and hairpiece: over-the-top, crass and rather hard to take seriously. Yet that's the strange thing; despite all his corrosive statements about his intentions for his country's immigration policies and his feelings about President Barack Obama, he's become the Republican Party's strongest general election candidate.It is with all this in mind that we were surprised when, in a CNN interview, he reckoned that Libya, Iraq and by extension's the world would be better places had Col. Muammar al-Gaddafi and Saddam Hussein not been ousted from their positions of power. I mean, look at Libya. Look at Iraq. Iraq used to be no terrorists. He (Hussein) would kill the terrorists immediately, which is like now it's the Harvard of terrorism.
Trump said. ?If you look at Iraq from years ago, I am not saying he was a nice guy, he was a horrible guy, but it was a lot better than it is right now. Right now, Iraq is a training ground for terrorists. Right now Libya, nobody even knows Libya, frankly there is no Iraq and there is no Libya. It's all broken up. They have no control. Nobody knows what's going on. When asked what he thinks about the human rights abuses that transpired under the rule of the controversial leaders, he contended that those abuses were not as bad as the horrors that are happening there right now. Pretty sensible reasoning for a guy who claimed, according to Kenya's Politica platform, that's Africans are only good at eating, lovemaking and stealing.
|Posted by The Reunion Black Family on February 24, 2016 at 9:20 AM||comments (0)|
Akinwande, Nigerian professor who will receive America’s highest research award
Deji Akinwande, a professor at the University of Texas Austin, is one Nigerian scaling hurdles, pushing boundaries and breaking stereotypes. Akinwande has been identified by President Barack Obama, as one of the recipients of the highest honour bestowed by the US government for science and engineering professionals in the early stages of their independent research careers.
Alongside 104 researchers, he will receive the Presidential Early Career Awards for Scientists and Engineers in Washington DC later in the year. These early-career scientists are leading the way in our efforts to confront and understand challenges from climate change to our health and wellness, Obama said while announcing the winners. We congratulate these accomplished individuals and encourage them to continue to serve as an example of the incredible promise and ingenuity of the American people.
WHO IS DEJI AKINWANDE?
Akinwande is an associate professor in electrical and computer engineering and the Jack Kilby/Texas instruments endowed faculty fellow in computer engineering in the Cockrell school of engineering at the university of Texas at Austin. EDUCATION Akinwande graduated from Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, bagging a double degree (B.S/M.S) in electrical engineering and applied physics. His master's research in applied physics pioneered the design and development of near-field microwave probe tips for non-destructive imaging and studies of materials. He had his PhD degree in electrical engineering from Stanford University in 2009, conducting research on the synthesis, device physics, and circuit applications of carbon nanotubes and graphene. INVENTION According to Akinwande Nano Research Group, the professor is known for his groundbreaking research on nanomaterials, sensors, devices and flexible technology. He is considered one of the top researchers in the world in the areas of graphene, silicon electronics and 2-D nanomaterials for use in flexible electronics. In 2015, Akinwande created the first transistor out of silicene the worlds thinnest silicon material and he is continuing to advance the capabilities of computer chips and other electronics.
Schematics of Akinwandes invention He is a co-inventor of a high-frequency chip-to-chip interconnect and an electrically small antenna for bio-electronics. HONOURS AND AWARDS Prior to his presidential award listing, Akinwande has been known as a man of many caps, working with US department of Defence in taking academic quantum leaps. He has the following honours and awards to his name: IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers) Nanotechnology Early Career Award, 2015 Engineering School Nominee for Texas System Regents Outstanding Teaching Award, 2015 TI/Jack Kilby Endowed Faculty Fellowship, 2013-present IEEE Senior Member, 2013 IEEE NANO Geim and Novoselov (Inaugural) Graphene Prize 2012 NSF Faculty CAREER Award 2012 DTRA Young Investigator Award 2012 3M Nontenured Faculty Award 2012 Army Research Office Young Investigator Award 2011 Office of Naval Research Grant Award 2010 Stanford Future-Faculty DARE Fellow, 2008-2010 (12 fellows selected out of 110 senior Ph.D Candidates from all the Schools at Stanford University) Ford Foundation Fellow, 2006-2009 (60 fellows out of over 1000 applicants) Alfred P. Sloan Scholar, 2006-2008 (Selected Stanford Ph.D Candidate) Design Award for outstanding Low-Noise
|Posted by The Reunion Black Family on February 24, 2016 at 9:05 AM||comments (0)|
Johnson & Johnson to pay $72m in case linking baby powder to ovarian cancer. Jury in Missouri orders pharmaceutical company to pay damages to family of deceased woman who claimed talcum powder caused her cancer.A Missouri jury has awarded $72m to the family of a woman who died from ovarian cancer, which she said was caused by using Johnson & Johnson’s baby powder and other products containing talcum.
The civil suit by Jackie Fox of Birmingham, Alabama, was part of a broader claim in the city of St. Louis circuit court involving nearly 60 people. Her son took over as plaintiff following his mother’s October 2015 death at 62, more than two years after her diagnosis.
Marvin Salter of Jacksonville, Florida, said his late mother, who was a foster parent, used the brand of talcum powder as a bathroom staple for decades. “It just became second nature, like brushing your teeth,” he said. “It’s a household name.”
An attorney for Fox said the jury verdict Monday night, which came after nearly five hours of deliberations at the conclusion of a three-week trial, was the first such case among more than 1,000 nationally to result in a jury’s monetary award.
The jury said that Fox was entitled to $10m in actual damages and $62m in punitive damages. Attorney James Onder said he “absolutely” expects Johnson & Johnson – the world’s biggest maker of healthcare products – to appeal the verdict.
The New Jersey-based company previously has been targeted by health and consumer groups over possibly harmful ingredients in items including in its Johnson’s No More Tears baby shampoo.
In May 2009, a coalition of groups called the Campaign for Safe Cosmetics began pushing Johnson & Johnson to eliminate questionable ingredients from its baby and adult personal care products. After three years of petitions, negative publicity and a boycott threat, the company agreed in 2012 to eliminate the ingredients 1,4-dioxane and formaldehyde, both considered probable human carcinogens, from all products by 2015.
Spokeswoman Carol Goodrich said that the company was considering its next legal move. In a written statement, she said the verdict “goes against decades of sound science proving the safety of talc as a cosmetic ingredient in multiple products,” citing supportive research by the US Food and Drug Administration and National Cancer Institute.
In the trial, Fox’s attorneys introduced into evidence a September 1997 internal memo from a Johnson & Johnson medical consultant suggesting that “anybody who denies [the] risks” between “hygenic” talc use and ovarian cancer would be publicly perceived in the same light as those who denied a link between smoking cigarettes and cancer: “Denying the obvious in the face of all evidence to the contrary.”
Talc is a naturally occurring mineral, mined from the soil and composed of magnesium, silicon, oxygen, and hydrogen. It is widely used in cosmetics and personal care products, such as talcum powder, to absorb moisture, prevent caking and improve the product’s feel.
Nora Freeman Engstrom, a Stanford University law professor not involved in the Missouri case, said it was unlikely the $72m award would survive, noting that the US Supreme Court, in a recent series of rulings, has maintained that appeal courts clamp down on punitive damages.
“Big jury verdicts do tend to be reined in during the course of the appellate process, and I expect that to be the case here,” she told Associated Press.
Monday’s verdict “doesn’t bode well for Johnson & Johnson” as it faces at least 1,200 still-pending lawsuits and possibly thousands more, she said.
“This case clearly was a bellwether, and clearly the jury has seen the evidence and found it compelling,” she said, concluding “the jury was distressed by the company’s conduct”.