Afrikan News And History Post New Entry

Togo People Culture and Economic Ewe Kente weaver

Posted by The Reunion Black Family on July 11, 2011 at 2:45 PM

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In Ewe, 'Ke' means open and 'Te' means close. The weavers name the cloth they produced based on how the yarns are put together - opening and closing of threads. The original home of Kente is found in the Kpetoe and Agbozume area.Ewe weaver at Asante in Ghana 

The thin strip of land in Western Africa is bordering Ghana to the west, Benin to the East, Burkina Faso to the North and its narrow coastline strenches onto the Gulf of Guinea in the South.

Togo formed part of the Slave Coast, from where captives were shipped abroad by European slavers during the 17th century. In 1884 it became the German protectorate of Togoland.

Togoland, of which modern Togo was formerly a part, was colonised by the Germans in 1894. The German occupation has been ended by a joint Anglo-French force early in the First World War. In 1960 French Togoland became Togo.

People of Togo

15-17th centuries - Ewe clans from Nigeria and the Ane from Ghana and Ivory Coast settle in region already occupied by Kwa and Voltaic peoples.

 

collectively referred to as the Togolese, the people of Togo mainly comprise of people tribes originating from Africa. Of these tribes the Ewes are the largest, closely followed by the Mina and then the Kabre . Together with another 34 African tribes, they make up 99% of the country's population. The rest 1% is made up of Europeans, Syrians and Lebanese.

Arts, Culture and Music of Togo

 Art : art in Togo is a traditional and hereditary process. It comprise of mainly of different types of textiles. Some of the highlights of Togolese textile art are wax prints or batik, indigo cloth, Kente, dye-stamped Adinkira cloth, embroideries and lace. The other things are hand-crafted marble ashtrays, hand-crafted jewelry made of gold and silver, traditional masks, wood carvings and Voodoo paraphernalia.

Culture : Togo has an integrated and complex cultural pattern, which is a direct result of the fact that the culture of Togo as a whole comprises of an amalgamation of some 37 different ethnic tribes. Of them, the Ewe is the primary influence. The other major contributors are the Mina and the Kabre. So, Togo has as many traditional practices as there are languages. Alongside this African multi-ethnicity is to be seen European – especially French – influences. Though some of the Togolese population have adopted Christianity and other eastern religions, there is still a vast number of people who follow animism.Afa same Ifa in Yorubas Nigeria among Ewe religion.

Music : all music originating in Togo is drum-based, and most of them are accompanied with dance. Also, Ewe is the language in which most of the songs are spelt out. The Togolese fixation on drums is such that there are dozens of varieties of drum alone. Some of the different types of drums are blekete, grekon, kple, ageche, akpesse, aziboloe, amedjeame and adamdom.

Economy of Togo

 

the economy of Togo is largely dependent on the agricultural produces of the country. The agricultural industry churns out two types of produce, one is the commercial crops and the other is the subsistence crops. Some of the agricultural products are cocoa, coffee, yams, cotton, corn, cassava (tapioca), rice, beans, millet and sorghum. Of these, cotton, cocoa and coffee are exported in a large way. The other export commodities comprise of minerals, like phosphate, which are found quite extensively throughout the country. Other industries in the country are those making cement, handicrafts, textiles and beverages. Keep surfing

A chronology of key events:

 

15-17th centuries - Ewe clans from Nigeria and the Ane from Ghana and Ivory Coast settle in region already occupied by Kwa and Voltaic peoples.

 

1700s - Coastal area occupied by Danes.

 

Continue reading the main story

Long-term leader

 

Gnassingbe Eyadema ruled unchallenged for decades

Africa's longest-serving leader at the time of his death in 2005

Came to power in April 1967 coup

1884 - German protectorate of Togoland established, forced labour used to develop plantations.

 

1914 - British, French forces seize Togoland.

 

1922 - League of Nations issues mandates to Britain to administer the western part and to France to rule the eastern area of Togoland.

 

Independence

1956 - British-ruled western territory included into the Gold Coast, later renamed Ghana.

 

1960 - Independence.

 

1961 - Sylvanus Olympio elected as first president.

 

1963 - Olympio assassinated, replaced by Nicolas Grunitzky.

 

1967 - Gnassingbe Eyadema seizes power in bloodless coup, political parties dissolved.

 

1974 - Phosphate industry nationalised.

 

1979 - Eyadema, standing as sole candidate, elected as president in first parliamentary polls since 1967, under constitution entrenching civilian, one-party rule.

 

1985 - Series of bombings in Lome.

 

1985 - Coup attempt, French troops come to government's assistance. Togo accuses Ghana and Burkina Faso of involvement. Togo's frontier with Ghana shut until 1987.

 

1986 - Exiled opposition leader Gilchrist Olympio sentenced to death in absentia for complicity in 1985 coup attempt.

 

1986 - Eyadema re-elected.

 

1991 - Strikes, demonstrations. Eyadema agrees to split power with transitional adminstration pending elections.

 

1992 - New constitution approved.

 

1993 - Eyadema dissolves government, sparking protests and fatal clashes with police. Thousands flee to neighbouring states.

 

1993 - France, Germany, US suspend aid to press for democratic reforms.

 

1998 - Eyadema re-elected.

 

2000 March - UN report alleges that presidents Blaise Compaore of Burkina Faso and Gnassingbe Eyadema of Togo helped the Angolan rebel group Unita get arms and fuel in exchange for diamonds. Both countries deny the accusations.

 

2001 February - UN-OAUl inquiry into allegations of summary executions and torture in Togo concludes there were systematic violations of human rights after 1998 presidential election.

 

2001 August - Opposition leader Yawovi Agboyibo is jailed for six months for libelling the prime minister. Demonstrators take to the streets.

 

2002 June - Eyadema sacks his prime minister and ally Agbeyome Kodjo and says the action is in preparation for parliamentary elections. Kodjo lambasts the president and accuses his aides of corruption and human rights abuses.

 

2002 October - Ruling party wins parliamentary elections. Main opposition parties stage boycott in protest at way poll was organised.

 

2002 December - Parliament alters the constitution, removing a clause which would have barred President Eyadema from seeking a third term in 2003.

 

2003 June - Eyadema re-elected. Prime Minister Koffi Sama and his government resign.

 

2003 July - President Eyadema reinstates Koffi Sama as prime minister. A unity government is announced but the main opposition parties are not included.

 

2003 September - Togo sends 150 soldiers to Liberia to bolster a West African peacekeeping force.

 

2004 November - European Union restores partial diplomatic relations. Ties were broken in 1993 over violence and democratic shortcomings.

 

2005 February - President Gnassingbe Eyadema dies, aged 69. The military appoints his son Faure as president in a move condemned as a coup. Under international pressure Faure stands down and agrees to hold presidential elections.

 

Faure Gnassingbe elected

2005 April - Faure Gnassingbe wins presidential elections which the opposition condemns as rigged. The vote is followed by deadly street violence between rival supporters. The UN later estimates that 400-500 people were killed.

 

2005 June - President Gnassingbe names opposition's Edem Kodjo as prime minister.

 

2006 April - Reconciliation talks between government and opposition resume. Dialogue was abandoned after Gnassingbe Eyadema's death in 2005.

 

2006 August - Government and opposition sign an accord providing for the participation of opposition parties in a transitional government.

 

2006 September - Yawovi Agboyibo, veteran leader of the opposition Committee of Action for Renewal, is named prime minister and tasked with forming a unity government and organising polls.

 

2007 February - Exiled opposition leader Gilchrist Olympio returns home briefly.

 

2007 October - Ruling Rally of the Togolese People party wins parliamentary election. International observers declare the poll free and fair.

 

2007 November - The European Union restores full economic cooperation after a 14-year suspension, citing Togo's successful multi-party elections.

 

2007 December - Rally of the Togolese People's Komlan Mally appointed prime minister

 

2008 September - Former UN official Gilbert Houngbo appointed prime minister with support of governing Rally of the Togolese People.

 

2009 April - President Gnassingbe's half-brother and former Defence Minister Kpatcha Gnassingbe and several army officers are arrested in connection with an alleged coup plot against the president.

 

2009 June - Togo abolishes death penalty.

 

2010 January - Togo quits African Cup of Nations football tournament in Angola after an attack on its team bus kills two officials.

 

Gnassingbe re-elected

2010 March - President Gnassingbe declared winner of presidential elections. The main opposition Union of Forces for Change alleges widespread fraud and refuses to recognise the result.

 

2010 May - Veteran opposition leader Gilchrist Olympio agrees power-sharing deal with ruling party, splitting his Union of Forces for Change (UFC).

 

2011 March - Police break up protests against planned legislation which would restrict street demonstrations.

Categories: Ghana

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