|Posted by The Reunion Black Family on November 13, 2011 at 2:25 PM|
This is the first house in Africa built from bottles,
Recycled plastic for homes will eliminate waste and provide inexpensive housing.
Yahaya Musa, a 19-years old Nigerian build sand-filled plastic bottles in Sabongarin Yelwa village, near the northern Nigerian city of Kaduna.
The idea undoubtedly seemed strange at first: take the plastic water bottles that litter Nigeria's roads, canals and gutters and allow people to live inside them. Well, not literally, but close.
What a group of activists did was come up with a plan to build a house using those bottles, providing what they say is an environmentally smart strategy of chipping away at a housing shortage in Africa's most populous nation.
With the prototype near the northern Nigerian city of Kaduna now well underway, the group wants to extend its efforts and build more, aiming to unleash what they say is some long bottled-up potential.
Unconvinced? Supporters say those yet to see the structure on the outskirts of the village of Sabon Yelwa can throw stones if they want to. This house is being built to last.
"This is the first house in Africa built from bottles, which could go a long way in solving Nigeria's huge housing need and cleaning the badly polluted environment," project initiator Christopher Vassiliu said during a tour of the building.
At 624 square feet, the twobedroom bungalow looks on the surface like an ordinary home. When completed, the house whose construction started in June will be used to train masons in building such structures.
It is made from capped, sandfilled plastic bottles, each weighing three kilograms. The bottles are stacked into layers and tied together with an intricate network of strings holding each bottle by its neck to provide extra support and flexibility. Then the structure is bonded together by mud and cement.
Bottle caps of various colours protrude from the walls, giving them a unique look. Those behind the project claim the sand-filled bottles are stronger than ordinary cinder blocks.
"The structure has the added advantage of being fire proof, bullet proof and earthquake resistant, with the interior maintaining a constant temperature of 18 degrees C, which is good for tropical climate," said Yahaya Ahmad, the project coordinator. With the right adjustments to the supporting pillars the building can be as high as three storeys, but can go no higher due to the weight of the sand-filled bottles, Ahmad said.
Situated amid an expansive irrigation farm, the building consists of a rotunda-shaped living room, which connects to the interior via a short corridor.
Two rooms stand opposite with a bathroom and a toilet between them. A side door leads to an open courtyard and the kitchen. The house is also designed to produce zero carbon emissions, as it will be wholly powered by solar panels and methane gas from recycled human and animal waste.
"Nigeria has a serious waste and energy problem, and this project is one small step toward making positive changes,
A second plastic bottle project is due to commence in January at a primary school in need of more classrooms in the town of Suleja near Nigeria's capital Abuja. "The project would take 200,000 bottles out of landfills into education,
Nigeria has a serious waste and energy problem, and this project is one small step toward making positive changes,
Plastic is everywhere. In fact, the environment is so riddled with it, researchers predict that 99% of all birds on this planet will have plastic in their gut by the year 2050.
It is not enough to persuade people to use less, plastic needs to be repurposed and reused to be kept out of landfills. Despite informative infographics, emotional statistics, and recycling programs, many nations – especially the United States – continue to toss plastics into landfills without much care.
This unfortunate reality has spurred many to get creative with the discarded byproducts of society. Some have used plastic waste to construct marvelous sculptures and raise awareness about the issue, while others are repurposing it entirely to construct eco-friendly homes.
In addition, it is completely powered by solar panels and methane gas from recycled human and animal waste.
To create a two-bedroom bottle house, workers fill plastic bottles with sand and then hold them together using mud and cement. This forms a solid wall that is stronger than cinder blocks.
That’s not all: These colorful homes are bulletproof, fireproof and can withstand earthquakes. They can also hold a comfortable temperature year round.
A two-bedroom house requires 14,000 bottles to complete. To put this into perspective, Nigeria throws away ten million bottles every day. Clearly, there are plenty of bottles which can be repurposed to build every individual in their own abode.
At least Nigeria isn’t as wasteful as the United States, which discards 130 million bottles per day. That’s 47 billion bottles every year – nearly 80% of which end up in the landfill.