We could work together to set a new agenda to restore the stolen pride and peace of Africa continent.
|Posted by Reunionblackfamily. on September 12, 2014 at 4:00 PM||comments (0)|
Cuba says will send 165 health workers to Sierra Leone in Ebola fight
GENEVA: Cuba will send 165 doctors and nurses to Sierra Leone to help fight the Ebola outbreak, Cuba’s health minister and the World Health Organisation announced Friday.
“We will contribute with a brigade of 165 collaborators, consisting of 62 doctors and 103 nurses,” Cuban Health Minister Roberto Morales Ojeda told reporters in Geneva.
The health workers had all “previously participated in post-catastrophe situations,” and had all volunteered for the mission, he said, adding that some had already arrived in the west African country.
From the first week of October, the doctors and nurses would remain for six months in Sierra Leone, where more than 500 people have so far died in the epidemic that has killed 2,400 across four west African countries since the beginning of the year.
WHO chief Margaret Chan hailed Cuba’s commitment, stressing it was “the largest” made so far in the global fight to stop the deadly outbreak.
“Our response in running short, …but the thing we need most of all is people,” she told reporters.
As the epidemic continues to swell, WHO said Friday another 500 foreign health professionals and around 1,000 local doctors and nurses were needed to stop its spread. — AFP
|Posted by Reunionblackfamily. on August 30, 2014 at 3:55 PM||comments (3)|
MasterCard Power Nigerian Identity Card Program
President Goodluck Jonathan Nigeria national identity card with a "Mastercard" logo amounts to commercialization of our national insignia;its reminiscent of the logos of transatlantic slave trading companies,pasted on the bodies of Africans while they set forth for a cruel and dangerous journey across the oceans...
“... the vintage of history is forever repeating ~ same old vines, same old wines!”
Some Major Corporations that Finance and Profited from Slavery.
The enslavement of African people in the Americas by the nations and peoples of Western Europe, created the economic engine that funded modern capitalism. Therefore it comes as no surprise that most of the major corporations that were founded by Western European and American merchants prior to roughly 100 years ago, benefited directly from slavery.
N M Rothschild & Sons Bank in London was linked to slavery. The company that was one of the biggest names in the City of London had previously undisclosed links to slavery in the British colonies. Documents seen by the Financial Times have revealed that Nathan Mayer Rothschild, the banking family’s 19th-century patriarch, made his first personal gains by using enslaved Africans as collateral in dealings with a slave owner...MASTERCARD OWNER
According to reports, FleetBoston evolved from an earlier financial institution, Providence Bank, founded by John Brown who was a slave trader and owned ships used to transport enslaved Africans.
The bank financed Brown’s slave voyages and profited from them. Brown even reportedly helped charter what became Brown University.
Brown Brothers Harriman is the oldest and largest private investment bank and securities firm in the United States, founded in 1818. USA Today found that the New York merchant bank of James and William Brown, currently known as Brown Bros. Harriman owned hundreds of enslaved Africans and financed the cotton economy by lending millions to southern planters, merchants and cotton brokers.MASTERCARD SHARE HOLDER
Brooks Brothers, the high end suit retailer got their start selling slave clothing to various slave traders back in the 1800s. What a way to get rich in the immoral slave industry!
Barclays, the British multinational banking and financial services company headquartered in London, United Kingdom has now conceded that companies it bought over the years may have been involved in the slave trade.MASTERCARD SHARE HOLDER
Lehman Brothers, whose business empire started in the slave trade, recently admitted their part in the business of slavery.
According to the Sun Times, the financial services firm acknowledged recently that its founding partners owned not one, but several enslaved Africans during the Civil War era and that, “in all likelihood,” it “profited significantly” from slavery.
“This is a sad part of our heritage …We’re deeply apologetic … It was a terrible thing … There’s no one sitting in the United States in the year 2005, hopefully, who would ever, in a million years, defend the practice,” said Joe Polizzotto, general counsel of Lehman Brothers.MASTERCARD SHARE HOLDER
Aetna, Inc., the United States’ largest health insurer, apologized for selling policies in the 1850s that reimbursed slave owners for financial losses when the enslaved Africans they owned died.
“Aetna has long acknowledged that for several years shortly after its founding in 1853 that the company may have insured the lives of slaves,” said Aetna spokesman Fred Laberge in 2002. “We express our deep regret over any participation at all in this deplorable practice.” MASTERCARD SHARE HOLDER
JPMorgan Chase recently admitted their company’s links to slavery.
“Today, we are reporting that this research found that, between 1831 and 1865, two of our predecessor banks—Citizens Bank and Canal Bank in Louisiana—accepted approximately 13,000 enslaved individuals as collateral on loans and took ownership of approximately 1,250 of them when the plantation owners defaulted on the loans,” the company wrote in a statement...JPMorgan Largest MASTERCARD SHARE HOLDER
New York Life Insurance Company is the largest mutual life insurance company in the United States. They also took part in slavery by selling insurance policies on enslaved Africans.
According to USA Today, evidence of 10 more New York Life slave policies comes from an 1847 account book kept by the company’s Natchez, Miss. agent, W.A. Britton. The book, part of a collection at Louisiana State University, contains Britton’s notes on slave policies he wrote for amounts ranging from $375 to $600. A 1906 history of New York Life says 339 of the company’s first 1,000 policies were written on the lives of slaves.
Nigerians expressed shock and fury Thursday at how the Nigerian Government, through the National Identity Management Commission, NIMC, would surrender a symbol of national sovereignty and pride to a foreign commercial organisation by not only sharing the biometrics of 170 million Nigerian to the firm but by also allowing the firm to boldly engrave its insignia on the IDs.
Many Nigerians raised the alarm over the implications of the agreement in an age that has seen intense data surveillance by the National Security Agency of the United States of America, Mastercard’s home country. One commentator said allowing MasterCard’s emblem on the Nigerian National ID Card could only compare to the trans-Atlantic slave trade abolished in the nineteenth century.
“The new ID card with a MasterCard logo does not represent an identity of a Nigerian. It simply represents a stamped ownership of a Nigerian by an American company,” said Shehu Sani of the Civil Rights Congress. “It is reminiscent of the logo pasted on the bodies of African salves transported across the Atlantic.”
Few Questions that need answers;
1 - Why is the FGN so desperate to produce an IDC without giving preference to National security? Don't they know that war in this age, than ever before, are won with information?
2 - Why must the logo of a Business (Non-Governmental and Non-Nigerian) entity be on the Nigeria NATIONAL ID Card for that matter?
3 - Why do Nigeria have to indirectly and continuously advertise for this company? Is the company not being paid for the contract?
4 - Where are these cards being produced, Nigeria or US? How many jobs are created for Nigerians as a result of this contract?
5 - Are we really sure that somebody in Government is not seriously benefiting from this contract to have gone to the extent of indirectly trading Nigeria sovereignty/security for selfish interest?
It's a shame that our people trusted with authority could not see, or decided to ignore, the big picture. As much as the success of having the ID cards produced is laudable, the stain in its outcome is too conspicuously irritating to be ignored. It has to be reversed or else the whole project would end up being a waste of resources because it CANNOT stand the test of time.
|Posted by Reunionblackfamily. on August 27, 2014 at 1:25 AM||comments (2)|
Former South African President, Thabo Mbeki’ : The Relationship Between Africa And Its Ex-Colonizers Is Illegal
Charity begins at home, and Africans need to take the first bold steps to deal with problems affecting them instead of depending on the west. Former South African President, Thabo Mbeki’s message was met with a resounding applause at the 6th edition of Africities in Dakar, Senegal.
Whilst it is no secret that conflicts are a bane of African development, the responsibility of conflict resolution should be left to Africans. Mkebi appears relentless when it comes to the Western interventions on the African continent.
“The Ivorian and Libyan crises confirmed a dangerous tendency with western countries who believe that they can intervene in every conflict on the continent,” Mbeki thundered with a clenched fist.
According to him, this behavior reveals an “illegal relationship between Africa and its former colonial masters!”, and Africa had become too dependent on the West”.
But what are the solutions that would allow Africans to better manage the string of conflicts plaguing the continent?
Thabo Mbeki, suggests that encouraging unity between African states is key, and that the African Union (AU) needs to provide the needed support. “We must stand united to protect our interests” he says.
His words come as the organization continues to suffer from its inability to reach a unanimous decision in its handling of the Libyan conflict.
Nonetheless, Mbeki argues that the competence of the AU must be strengthened. “Our country must pass on part of their sovereignty to the African Union to ensure peace and security”.
Former South African President, Thabo Mbeki’
"How can you turn to a system that got its feed money from enslaving you, to SAVE you??" - Dr. John Henrik Clarke
We need to gain control of Africa by genuine African leaders, with right structures and policies, before we can talk of dealing with any foreign government...
Africa experience is that the invaders of Africa always relentlessly pushed for command position in Africa, no matter how small their number.
|Posted by Reunionblackfamily. on August 24, 2014 at 6:10 PM||comments (0)|
Cop Fired For Killing A Dog, Paid Leave for Killing A Black Man.
According to sources, a cop from Hometown, Illinois was fired for shooting and killing a family dog. The incident happened in July of 2014, just a few weeks before Michael Brown was shot and killed in Ferguson, MO, despite being unarmed.
ABC 7 reported Apollo, a 14 month old German sheperd-pit bull mix was shot and killed by the officer without any remorse what’s so ever.
On Friday, Apollo was shot and killed by a Hometown police officer in the front yard of the dog owner’s home, and she says her daughter Alexis saw it all.
“My quick reaction was to grab her and run inside because she fell to the floor and started screaming,” said Nicole Echlina, Apollo’s owner.
Echlin says Apollo had run out of the front door. Hometown police had been alerted, and encountered the dog as he returned to the front yard. Echlin says she tried coaxing Apollo back in the house, but he turned and bared his teeth at one of the officers. According to police, that’s when the officer withdrew his weapon and fired one shot, striking the dog.
Echlin says she questioned the use of deadly force- especially in front of her daughter- but she says the officer showed no remorse.
“He just said it had to be done. He walked up to me, told me that and walked away,” said Echlin.
The video report is below. The community was outraged an officer would use deadly force on the dog in front of the little girl, but many are wondering where is the compassion for laundry list of unarmed, black men being shot and killed by police around the country?
The real disappointment in the American legal system is Darren Wilson, the officer involved in the shooting of Michael Brown in Ferguson, MO, is still on administrative leave, in witness protection and sucking up tax payers dollars.
But the officer who shot and killed a dog has been removed from the police force. They are showing you the life of black men isn’t worth that of a dog.
Dr. Neely Fuller Jr stated that under the system of racism white supremacy the social ranking order is...
3. Whoever else.
4. Black people.
|Posted by Reunionblackfamily. on August 22, 2014 at 3:55 PM||comments (0)|
Lloyd Hall Inventor Of Food Preservation And Sterilization Revolutionized The Way Foods Were Processed.
In the course of his work, Hall publish more than 5 scientific papers and receive more than 100 patents.
Lloyd Hall was born on June 20, 1894 in Elgin, Illinois. He was an honor student while attending West Side High School in Aurora, Illinois and captained the school debate team while competing in baseball, football and track. Lloyd graduated High School in the top 10 of his class and had to choose between four college scholarship offers. He decided to attend nearby Northwestern University, earning a Bachelor Degree in Pharmaceutical Chemistry in 1916.
While at Northwestern, Hall attended classes with a fellow student named Carroll L. Griffith who would later go on to become the founder of Griffith Laboratories. After graduation, Hall earned a graduate degree from the University of Chicago.
Hall was soon hired by the Western Electric Company through a telephone interview. When he showed up for his first day, however, he was told by a personnel officer that “we don’t take niggers.” Recovering from this slight, he began working for the Chicago Department of Health as a chemist and was promoted in 1917 to senior chemist. The next year he moved to Ottumwa, Iowa where he held the position of chief chemist at the John Morrell Company. During this time, World War I broke out and Hall received an appointment as Chief Inspector of Powder and Explosives for the United States Ordnance Department.
On September 23, 1919 Lloyd married Myrrhene Newsome, a teacher from Macomb, Illinois. Two years later, the couple moved to Chicago where Lloyd began working for the Boyer Chemical Laboratory where he took the position of chief chemist and focused on the emerging field of food chemistry, and began looking at a way of preserving meats with chemicals. In 1922 he moved on to Chemical Products Corporation where he served as President and Chemical director of their consulting laboratory and often consulted with Griffith Laboratories. In 1925, Hall was offered a position with Griffith Laboratories as chief chemist and director of research. Griffith Laboratories, of course, had been founded by Hall’s former classmate Carroll Griffith and after years of moving from company to company, Hall accepted the position and remained there for the next 34 years.
Hall had been working for a number of years exploring different areas of food chemistry and upon joining Griffith Laboratories began looking into methods for preserving foods. Up to that point, foods, and especially meats had been preserved by using sodium chloride (table salt). As well, nitrogen-containing chemicals were also used to preserve meats. It was found that nitrates chemically changed into nitrites and then into nitrous acid which caused the meats to maintain a healthy, red color (the process was referred to as curing meat). Hall found, however, that when sodium chloride, sodium nitrate and sodium nitrite were used in order to preserve and cure the meat, the nitrates and nitrites penetrated the meat much faster than did the sodium chloride. In doing so, the nitrates and nitrites adversely affected the meat by breaking it down before the sodium chloride had a chance to preserve it. In order to correct this, Hall found a while of encasing the nitrates and nitrites within a sodium chloride “shell” by utilizing a process called “flash-drying” the crystals over heated rollers. This allowed the sodium nitrate to be introduced to the meats first and dissolved, and then the nitrates and nitrites were able to penetrate the “preserved” meat and therefore “cure” it.
Hall next addressed a problem which arose when meats were stored in containers. The sodium chloride/nitrate/nitrite combination tended to absorb the moisture from the air inside or the container and caused them to form a caked mass on top of the meat. Hall was able to determine that by adding a glycerine and alkali metal tartrate to the original combination, the glycerine and tartrate would effectively absorb the moisture without “caking” and thus preventing the chloride/nitrate/nitrite combination from absorbing it.
Hall also maintained an interest in sterilizing foods, utensils and tools. Although many people thought that certain spices and flavorings also had the added benefit of preserving foods, Hall found that many of these agents actually exposed the foods to an abundance of germs, molds and bacteria. Hall set out to prevent this while at the same time allowing the spices and flavorings to retain the aroma and color (many of these lost their color and aroma and flavor when exposed to high (sterilizing temperatures.) He eventually found a gas called ethylene oxide, which he introduced to the foods within a vacuumed environment which eliminated the germs and bacteria while maintaining appearances, taste and aroma.
These contributions to food preservation and sterilization revolutionized the way foods were processed, prepared, packed and transported, eliminating spoilage and health hazards and improving efficiency and profitability for food suppliers. In the course of his work, Hall would publish more than 5 scientific papers and receive more than 100 patents. He also served as an advisor to the United States during two World Wars, served on dozens of advisory panels and boards and received hundreds of awards and accolades.
In 1959 Hall retired from Griffith Laboratories and moved to Pasadena, California where he died in 1971. He left behind a legacy as a pioneer in the field of food chemistry and is responsible for improving health conditions in all areas of the food industry.
|Posted by Reunionblackfamily. on August 21, 2014 at 5:10 AM||comments (0)|
Four Dead Unarmed Men And The Police: What You Need to Know
Eric Garner, Michael Brown, Ezell Ford and John Crawford III all died after confrontations with police, and their deaths are still shrouded in mystery, even as the black community reels from the losses.
Eric Garner. John Crawford III. Michael Brown. Ezell Ford.
You should recognize these names. They all belong to unarmed black men who were killed by law enforcement since July 2014 for seemingly inexplicable reasons: allegedly selling loose cigarettes, allegedly holding a toy gun in the toy section of Wal-Mart, allegedly running away after a scuffle with the cops, and allegedly complying with police and lying down on the street.
All of these cases are in varying stages of investigation. Here’s a roundup of what you need to know about each one:
Family says: Ford’s family claims that when he was shot Aug. 11 in South Los Angeles, he was obeying Los Angeles Police Department officers and lying on the ground. The 25-year-old, who was mentally disabled, was stopped by police for what was described as “investigative” reasons. A cousin, who did not want to be identified, said that the unarmed young man was laid out before he was shot in the back three times. Ford was rushed to the hospital, where he had to undergo surgery, but he did not make it. Tritobia Ford, who was identified as the young man’s mother, said that the police would not tell her where her son was hospitalized.
Officers say: During the “investigative stop,” there was allegedly a “struggle” that caused shots to be fired, according to an LAPD news release. The officers involved did not require medical attention, although they did reportedly have minor scrapes. The department also said that it was unaware of any information being withheld from the family.
Any charges? So far no charges have been filed in this particular case, but the officer responsible, who has yet to be identified, has been put on paid administrative leave as the incident is investigated. According to reports, LAPD police Chief Charlie Beck, the Office of the Inspector General and the Board of Police Commissioners are expected to review the case.
Community reaction: Twitter has taken the lead on this case, as usual, with the hashtag #EzellFord. News of Ford’s death is still spreading online and in real life as the nation reels from the loss of Ferguson, Mo.’s “gentle giant,” Michael Brown. According to reports, a rally for Ford is being planned for Sunday, Aug. 17, at LAPD headquarters.
Family says: Details remain extremely sketchy in this particular case. One eyewitness to the shooting, Brown’s friend Dorian Johnson, told MSNBC in an exclusive interview that the young men were confronted on Aug. 9 by a cop in Ferguson, who told them to “get the f--k off the sidewalk.” The officer tried to get out of the squad car, but the door slammed against Brown’s body and closed. The officer allegedly reached out of the car, grabbing Brown by his throat before threatening to shoot.
That was when Darren Wilson, a six-year veteran, ended up firing the first shot. The young men allegedly started running, and Johnson ducked behind a car. Brown, 18, kept running and was hit again by another bullet. At this point he tried to surrender, holding up his hands and attempting to get to the floor, but the officer continued shooting, according to reports. In the aftermath, Brown’s body was left lying in the street for hours, and his mother claimed that she was not given an opportunity to identify her own son.
Officers say: Police claim that Brown was attempting to reach for the officer’s gun when a scuffle ensued and he subsequently took off running, resulting in the shooting.
Any charges? So far the officer is on paid administrative leave. The FBI has gotten involved in the case and is said to be conducting an investigation parallel to that of local authorities. The Department of Justice is apparently also watching this case closely.
Community reaction: This particular case has rocked the community both online and on the ground with incredible force. Almost immediately, people took to the streets of Ferguson demanding answers and justice and refusing to be budged by police, who eventually came out with dogs, SWAT teams and heavy equipment to try to quell the protest.
Eventually, some of the protesters turned to violence, with looting and destruction of property. Police have been deploying tear gas and smoke bombs into the crowd, which has responded by throwing back tear gas and Molotov cocktails. Online, the powerful hashtag #iftheygunnedmedown surfaced, while citizen reporters tweeted pictures and video from the scene. Currently, black community leaders like the Rev. Al Sharpton, and organizations like the NAACP, are urging protesters to stay calm and peaceful while adding their own voices to the calls for justice.
John Crawford III
Family says: His relatives tell the story of a young, loving father who was just handling a toy gun in the toy section of Wal-Mart in southwestern Ohio on Aug. 5 before he was inexplicably gunned down by law enforcement. Since then the family have been demanding that surveillance video from the store be released so that they can prove exactly what happened. They have taken their case to civil rights organizations in hopes of finding closure.
Officers say: Authorities say they responded appropriately to a 911 call about a man who was supposedly holding a rifle and seemed to be loading the weapon. Officers claim that Crawford, 22, was waving the rifle at a customer and would not drop it, which was the reason the police opened fire. That weapon turned out to be a pump air rifle, a type of BB gun, which cannot kill people but can kill small animals.
Any charges? The two law-enforcement agents who fired their weapons—Officer Sean Williams and Sgt. David Darkow—were put on leave after the incident and pending an investigation. Local authorities have asked the state to take over, with Beavercreek Police Chief Dennis Evers requesting that the state attorney general and the Ohio Bureau of Criminal Investigation look into whether the use of deadly force was justified, according to reports.
Community reaction: Social media have led the campaign on this slaying, with Twitter users pointing out the disparity between the reaction to Crawford holding what ended up being a toy rifle and the response to (white) open carriers of assault rifles, who have walked into business establishments without worry or confrontation.
Family says: The tragic video showing the death of the Staten Island, N.Y., father of six on July 17 was widely publicized. From the moment the footage was released, Garner’s family has been demanding justice.
Video footage taken at the scene of the incident shows Garner in what appears to be a choke hold after he was accused of selling loose cigarettes illegally. His family pointed to the fact that he did not have any cigarettes on him or in his car at the time of his death. His widow, Esaw Garner, alongside black leaders like Al Sharpton, called for a thorough and prompt investigation and civil rights probe into the incident, given that it is illegal in New York to subdue suspects using a choke hold.
Officers say: An internal report by the New York City Police Department after the death did not make any mention of the alleged choke hold and stated that officers apparently did not pick up any cues that Garner was in distress.
Any charges? Internal Affairs was looking into the matter as of last month, and in the immediate aftermath two officers, Daniel Pantaleo and Justin Damico, were put on desk duty. A medical examiner ruled at the beginning of August that Garner did, in fact, die as a result of the choke hold, ruling the 43-year-old father’s death a homicide.
Community reaction: Once again, social media has led the battalion in the call for justice. The video of Garner’s confrontation with police spread like wildfire as viewers questioned the need to apprehend the father in such a violent manner.
With distrust of the NYPD running deep within the black community—fueled by rampant stop-and-frisk tactics—Sharpton, New York Mayor Bill de Blasio and NYPD Commissioner Bill Bratton decided to come together for a community roundtable about the relations between the two groups. De Blasio stayed in the middle of the argument, carefully walking the line between holding the NYPD responsible and praising Bratton for his job thus far. Bratton proposed retraining for all NYPD officers, especially those walking the streets, while Sharpton called for appropriate punishments to be meted out in order to curb such inappropriate behavior.
Breanna Edwards is a newswriter at The Root.
|Posted by Reunionblackfamily. on August 18, 2014 at 3:10 PM||comments (0)|
If They Gunned Me Down Shows How Black People Are Portrayed in Mainstream Media
The hashtag demonstrates that the narrative the media continues to portray regarding black people isn’t always truthful.BY: YESHA CALLAHAN
The vicious slaying of Mike Brown by Ferguson, Mo., police has once again shown that the narrative the media paints surrounding black people in America more often than not includes depicting us as violent thugs with gang and drug affiliations. It’s safe to say that Brown has become a victim of what I like to refer to as the “Trayvon Martin effect” in the media.
Trayvon, who was killed by George Zimmerman, was depicted as a gold-grill-wearing, weed-smoking teenager in the photos used by the media. There were no photos of Trayvon smiling with his family members or being just your average happy teen, which his family members said he was. Similarly, the photos of Brown that have been picked up by the media included him throwing up a peace sign, which conservative media has translated into a “gang sign.”
You’d be hard-pressed to find mainstream media showing Brown at his high school graduation or with members of his family. Ironically, all of those photos exist courtesy of Brown’s Facebook page. Unfortunately, because of Ferguson police, we’ll never be able to see a photo of Brown attending his first day of college today.
As tensions remain high, not only in the town of Ferguson but also on social media, Twitter users created #IfTheyGunnedMeDown to make a statement on how the media draws a biased narrative when it comes to telling the stories of black men and women. The following images not only tell a truthful story but also prove that we, as black people, know what our narrative is, but we are also not blind to the fact that the media will, of course, be biased in showing the truth.
"The hunting down of our youth in the streets by agents of the state, the bombing of Afrikan neighborhoods and churches, the murder of members of revolutionary and passive Afrikan organizations, the riots against Afrikans before both European wars on the world, the thousands of lynchings and the “retaliations” after real and imagined revolts by our enslaved ancestors as well as the lynchings that still see no end, are but a very, very small number of the examples where acts of terrorism were used to insure our submission to the whim of white supremacy. All these acts testify to a strong history of unwarranted, violent encroachments on peaceful, independent, as well as passive, dependent, Afrikan communities. So it is illogical for us to expect Europeans to allow us to live in an autonomous, independent peace in their midst without our enforcement of our freedom to be Afrikan in a language they can understand. Arguing otherwise makes no historical sense. No people can begin to feel safe in a historical climate of terrorism. Their accumulated frustration and uncertainty about the duration of the siege leads them to want to either seek shelter within (ranging from full assimilation and amalgamation to pluralistic integration) or away from (pluralistic segregation to full separation) their relentless assailants. For those who feel they cannot or should not leave or know that the terror will follow them wherever they go but who refuse to accept a vanquished status, rage and rebellion are natural and necessary characteristics. They know themselves as warriors engaged in a great struggle for the sanity, identity and sovereignty of their people."
Mwalimu K. Bomani Baruti
Asafo: A Warrior's Guide to Manhood
A Black person is killed by "police, security guards and self-appointed vigilantes" every 28 hours in America.
This is where your Police,CIA,ATF,Feds,came from.Everything was arround fear of the Black man&woman &to keep us down .
YOU CANNOT HAVE JUSTICE IN A RACIST SYSTEM! The only way we're going to get JUSTICE is thought enhancing our POWER.
|Posted by Reunionblackfamily. on August 18, 2014 at 3:00 PM||comments (0)|
House of Bondage. Photographer: Ernest Cole, South Africa . Ernest Cole was a black South African, born in Eersterust in Pretoria, in 1940
He left school when the Bantu Education Act was put into place in 1953, and instead completed his matric via correspondence. He started taking photographs at a very young age.
In 1958, Cole applied for a job with Drum magazine. Jürgen Schadeberg, the chief photographer employed him as his assistant. Cole also started a correspondence course with the New York Institute of Photography. With their support, he decided on a project which entailed recording the evils and social effects of apartheid.
He then worked at the Bantu World newspaper (later renamed The World - now The Sowetan), where he continued his career as a photographer. In the early 1960s, he started to freelance for clients such as Drum, the Rand Daily Mail, The World and the Sunday Express. This made him South Africa’s first black freelance photographer.
Seeking to leave South Africa, he became re-classified as a "coloured." As a result, he was able to leave for New York in 1966. He took his apartheid project prints with him. He showed his work to Magnum Photos which resulted in a publishing deal with publishing rights owned by Random House. The book, House of Bondage, was banned in South Africa.
In the book, Cole writes: "Three-hundred years of white supremacy in South Africa has placed us in bondage, stripped us of our dignity, robbed us of our self-esteem and surrounded us with hate.
Later he received a grant from the Ford Foundation for another book, A study of the Negro family in the rural South and the Negro family in the urban ghetto. This was never published although he did take a number of photographs.
Cole then moved to Sweden where he took up film making. The apartheid photos he had taken were used extensively by the ANC in their various publications.
He died of cancer in New York on 18 February 1990.
|Posted by Reunionblackfamily. on August 10, 2014 at 7:15 AM||comments (0)|
Opinion: Dear Africa, your Ebola salvation is not in America
Weep not, Africa. Weep not, Africans for your salvation is not in Washington DC, Europe or Asia. Rise and hold your leaders responsible.
Lately I have been bereft of sleep. No thanks to Ebola. I believe I’m not alone, it’s a panic that grips almost all of West Africa. The fear of contracting the deadly Ebola virus which has ravaged many countries in West Africa and has risen to an epidemic scale is devastating especially because of how it has reduced patients to chicken in the face of mortality. The level of helplessness that dying Africans have had to face is the main cause of my nightmares.
I keep recalling the disturbing stories of how Ebola victims in Sierra leone had fallen by the way side and are left to die even by road users who could have acted good Samaritans. In fact it gets so worst that some families had to dump infected loved ones on the street to die.
It breaks my heart that the spread of the virus has not been curtailed and confined to minor incidences and so depressing that it has overwhelmed the capacity of our “myopic” health care systems.
Few days back, over 40 African leaders converged in Washington DC for the US-Africa Summit while their countries and continent was on fire and their citizens dying daily like animals. You could have thought saving lives could have been their priority? May be not! They were more concerned about Obama’s $33 billion planned investment. Nevertheless, to say that their attitude resembled and painted a “Berlin conference mood” which was more like partitioning Africa but this time with permissions from our leaders.
They trooped to Washington like Pilgrims in search of salvation, alas! Their salvation wasn’t in Washington as the virus kept spreading rapidly.
I’m not in power so I may not really say what is and what is not at the helms of affairs but my anger is born out of the dire dearth of infrastructure in Africa and the level of non-challant attitude of her leaders. Walter Rodney’s indictment of our Leaders sometimes paints a real picture of what’s in an average African leader’s political DNA.
West African nations have suffered heavily since the rise of the scourge still we are yet to hear of any meaningful research going on in Africa to help fight the virus. Americans are the only ones who have come up with a possible drug experiment even before any case of Ebola was reported in the country. The Japanese have also intensified their research to find a cure while they’re yet to witness any Ebola case and Africa where the problem has moved from minor to a major scale cannot even provide a good medical system to curb the spread.
I ask myself, who are we and what is our role in the scheme of things? Is it that our leaders are clueless or simply not interested in the welfare of their people? We have leaders who live in grand splendour with their families while the vast majority of the population suffer hunger, poverty, epidemics among others
Many have coined conspiracy theories, others have blamed different people and accused them of neglecting Africans. What they have failed to realize is that they have been neglected by their leaders.
African countries and Nigeria in particular do not think of the future and do not make plans with the future in mind. People showed concern on how Nigeria should prepare to prevent the Ebola virus from getting here months before a certain Dr. Sawyer brought the virus to Lagos and nothing was done.
African leaders had to beg President Barack Obama for the only vaccine that has shown promises of curing the sickness and he responded by saying,
“I think we have to let the scientist guide us. And I don’t think all the information is in on whether this drug is helpful.
“I think it’s premature for me to say that because I don’t have enough information. I don’t have enough data right now to offer an opinion on that.
“the countries affected are the first to admit that what’s happened here is the public health systems have been overwhelmed. They weren’t able to identify and then isolate cases quickly enough. As a consequence, it spread more rapidly than has been typical with the periodic Ebola outbreaks that occurred previously.”
Sad as the statement may seem considering the number of people dying daily in West Africa from the disease and the positive effect the drugs had on the Americans that are being treated, Obama made a point.
A nation that cannot take care of its own shouldn’t bother other nations with their problem.
It reminds me of the troubling image of a naked black man on his knees in a seemingly dishonorable position and the inscription, “Am I not a man and a brother” on Josiah Wedgwood’s 1787 anti slavery medallion. Why can’t we help ourselves? Must we beg for everything? Why can’t we be self sufficient?
When attacked by terrorists we beg for foreign assistance. When a deadly virus like the Ebola case breaks out, we also beg for foreign aid. Our salvation is within and not in far away places like Washington DC or depends on Barack Obama’s approval, and until we realise this, we will continue to wallow in this state of helplessness.
Africa today is ravaged by civil wars and terrorism. You have the Talibans of the Mahgreb, Al Qaeda, Al shabbab and most recently Boko Haram destroying lives and properties daily. With all these happening to some of the poorest people in the world, I keep asking myself what is the way forward? How did we get here? What is the future of our children?
In my heart I came to the conclusion that we hate ourselves even more than outsiders do. We must rise above this present state and lift our nations and continent high above these setbacks. We must build a soceity where the human life is valued.
Weep not, Africa. Weep not, Africans for your salvation is not in Washington DC, Europe or Asia. Rise and hold your leaders responsible.
Onyeka ‘Kerous’ Ibeanusi is a Nigerian musician, motivational/entertainment writer and speaker and a social commentator
|Posted by Reunionblackfamily. on August 8, 2014 at 3:05 PM||comments (0)|
AU head warns US about Africa
African Union commission chair, Dr Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma, said that the United States of America will lose out if they don't take more interest in Africa peopl.
Dlamini-Zuma said it’s in the US’s best interests to know what is happening in Africa because “if they don’t come to the party eventually the party will happen without them”.
“Business people really know about Africa from the media and American media is not really kind on Africa. They tend to report what bleeds and leads.”
She made reference to the closing press conference by US president Barack Obama on Wednesday after a three-day US-Africa Leaders Summit.
The Independent reports that, at the summit, most of the questions asked by White House press corps were not focused on what happened at the summit but, instead, on the conflicts in Gaza and the Ukraine.
Dlamini-Zuma attended the US-Africa summit representing the African Union Commission, despite the United States not organising the event through the AU.
President Obama sent individual invitations to a little more than 40 African countries, leaving out some AU partners such as Zimbabwe.
Source: Independent Online
|Posted by Reunionblackfamily. on August 4, 2014 at 6:45 PM||comments (0)|
African colonization helped spread HIV and AIDS more than a century ago, study says.
Although acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) didn't hit mainstream collective consciousness until the early 1980s, new research out of the University of Arizona in Tucson indicates that the most pervasive global strain of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) began spreading among humans between 1884 and 1924, a finding that suggests growing urbanization in colonial Africa set the stage for the HIV/AIDS pandemic.
Michael Worobey, an assistant ecology and evolutionary biology professor at Arizona, led the research, which studied a number of HIV-1 (the strain found in most cases outside of Africa) genetic sequences to determine the time periods when the virus genetically diverged from its predecessors. These findings, published in the current issue of Nature, were mapped out in the form of a family tree whose roots date back to the beginning of the 20th century.
The research, co-sponsored by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), part of the U.S. National Institutes of Health, included a team of scientists from four continents who screened multiple tissue samples and uncovered the world's second-oldest genetic sequence of HIV-1 group M, which dates from 1960. The scientists used that, along with dozens of other previously known HIV-1 sequences, to construct a range of plausible family trees for this viral strain.
The scientists recovered the 48-year-old HIV gene fragments from a wax-embedded lymph node tissue biopsy from a woman in Kinshasa in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The oldest known HIV-1 group M genetic sequence comes from a 1959 blood sample given by a Kinshasa man. A comparison between the same genetic regions of the 1959 and 1960 viruses provided additional evidence that their common ancestor existed around 1900.
Earlier estimates indicated that HIV first appeared in 1930, still well before most people had heard of either the virus or AIDS.
Bloomberg.com today reported that the AIDS virus is infecting more women, heterosexual couples and gay men in China as the epidemic spreads from intravenous drug users to the general population, according to a study to be published Thursday in Nature.
Elsewhere, The Scripps Research Institute in La Jolla, Calif., Tuesday announced it has received a $30-million grant from the International AIDS Vaccine Initiative (IAVI), a large philanthropy in New York City, to create the world's only center dedicated to the "neutralizing antibody" approach, a promising way to develop an AIDS vaccine, according to The San Diego Union-Tribune's Web site. IAVI created the Neutralizing Antibody Consortium six years ago to address a neglected area of AIDS vaccine research and development, according to the La Jolla Light Web site.
|Posted by Reunionblackfamily. on August 3, 2014 at 5:20 AM||comments (0)|
Singling out the international “aid group” (NGO-CIA) Doctors Without Borders, one Guinean charged, “Wherever those people have passed, the communities have been hit by illness.”
Africans Accuse 'Westerners' of Spreading Ebola! U.S. Peace Corps Removes All Volunteers!
In Africa and perhaps rightly so africans are now waking up to the fact that WHO May be spreading deadly diseases among them.
A NY Times article with a huge front page photo is intended to portray frightened African villagers as paranoid, superstitious and ignorant: But it seems perhaps ignorant and superstitious people have more sense than the dumbed down western equivalent.
“We don’t want any visitors,” said their leader, Faya Iroundouno, 17, president of Kolo Bengou’s youth league. “We don’t want any contact with anyone.” The others nodded in agreement and fiddled with their slingshots.
Singling out the international aid group Doctors Without Borders, Mr. Iroundouno continued, “Wherever those people have passed, the communities have been hit by illness.”
it was first detected in March, and fear, which has produced growing hostility toward outside help. On Friday alone, health authorities in Guinea confirmed 14 new cases of the disease.
Workers and officials, blamed by panicked populations for spreading the virus, have been threatened with knives, stones and machetes, their vehicles sometimes surrounded by hostile mobs. Log barriers across narrow dirt roads block medical teams from reaching villages where the virus is suspected. Sick and dead villagers, cut off from help, are infecting others.
Singling out the international “aid group” (NGO-CIA) Doctors Without Borders, one Guinean charged, “Wherever those people have passed, the communities have been hit by illness.”
On a recent day, a Red Cross truck drove up to the cemetery to deliver the body of Marie Condé, 14, wrapped in plastic sheeting.
As the body was carried off the truck, a high-pitched wail pierced the country stillness. “There is no cure!” a woman cried. “There is no cure!”
The gravedigger, Marie’s half brother Famhan Condé, 26, was sweating as he heaved shovels of dirt. The grave, he said, would be the 26th he had dug since the epidemic began.
“We’re all scared here,” he said. “There’s no solution. We can do nothing. Only God can save us.”
Astute students of ‘New World Order Conspiracy Theory’ understand the dirty game by which “humanitarian” fronts known as NGO’s (Non Governmental Organizations) will often infiltrate a target nation and wreak havoc from within.
The “health group” with the high-sounding name “Doctors Without Borders” is in fact one such NGO, with links to George Soros and other shady characters.
Doctors Without Borders (in French, Médecins Sans Frontières) was founded by WHO hatchet man
|Posted by Reunionblackfamily. on July 29, 2014 at 10:55 AM||comments (3)|
Ebola As West Africa faces its worst outbreak ever.One question: WHY IS THIS VIRUS ONLY ACTIVE IN AFRICA?
NEWS RELEASE FROM THE SAN FRANCISCO MEDICAL RESEARCH FOUNDATION
AIDS and Ebola Viruses Were "Man-Made:"Expert Shocks National Radio Audience
San Francisco - AIDS and Ebola viruses did not originate from monkeys left alone in the wild - they were bioengineered in American laboratories. So says an internationally known public health authority with Harvard credentials, Dr. Leonard G. Horowitz, based on a review of more than 2,500 government documents and scientific reports, some gained through the Freedom of Information Act and never before revealed to the general public. "The Gary Null" show, originating in New York on WBAI radio, syndicated in 20 cities and heard by more than a million people, will air this information, and more, during a one hour interview with Dr. Horowitz beginning on Tuesday, April 23, from 12:00 to 1:00 PM e.s.t., and later in the week throughout the country. Listeners will learn that HIV-1, and its parent, HIV-2, have been traced to National Cancer Institute (NCI) and military funded cancer virus experiments which used infected African green monkeys to produce vaccines intended to prevent hepatitis, leukemia, and other cancers.
The documented evidence revealed in Dr. Horowitz's new book, Emerging Viruses: AIDS and Ebola - Nature, Accident or Genocide? (Tetrahedron Publishing Group, 1996), shows that NCI researchers, during the 1960's, mixed viral genes from different animals to produce leukemia, sarcoma, general wasting, and death. This provided the "cancer models" used to study human cancer and begin human vaccine trials. The book, described as the first in-depth exploration into the origins of AIDS and Ebola, and its controversial conclusions, have offended many top AIDS researchers, and been hailed by numerous others who have long questioned the green monkey theory, or feared disease outbreaks from viral vaccine experiments.
Reconciling the origin of AIDS and Ebola, as Dr. Horowitz has now done, is important for several reasons: First, many feel that victims of AIDS should not be blamed for starting the epidemic. With this evidence, those living with HIV/AIDS may now be freed from the stigma, shame, and guilt associated with the infection - a boost to their natural immunity. Second, new therapies might be developed from a better understanding of HIV's origin. third, the events precipitating such epidemics should never be allowed to happen again. It is ethically important to understand, and therefore prevent, future outbreaks. Finally, those directly implicated in HIV's development and transmission are the same individuals and institutions capitalizing on the epidemic and humanity's suffering. Though many might consider this preposterous, as one Emerging Viruses review recently cautioned, "withhold any out-of-hand dismissal until you read this book," or tune into Dr. Null's extraordinary program.
The U.S. Centers for Disease Control owns a patent on a particular strain of Ebola known as "EboBun." It's patent No. CA2741523A1 and it was awarded in 2010. You can view it here. (Thanks to Natural News readers who found this and brought it to our attention.)
Patent applicants are clearly described on the patent as including:
The Government Of The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary, Department Of Health & Human Services, Center For Disease Control.
The patent summary says, "The invention provides the isolated human Ebola (hEbola) viruses denoted as Bundibugyo (EboBun) deposited with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention ("CDC"; Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America) on November 26, 2007 and accorded an accession number 200706291."
It goes on to state, "The present invention is based upon the isolation and identification of a new human Ebola virus species, EboBun. EboBun was isolated from the patients suffering from hemorrhagic fever in a recent outbreak in Uganda."
It's worth noting, by the way, that EboBun is not the same variant currently believed to be circulating in West Africa. Clearly, the CDC needs to expand its patent portfolio to include more strains, and that may very well be why American Ebola victims have been brought to the United States in the first place. Read more below and decide for yourself...
Harvesting Ebola from victims to file patents
From the patent description on the EboBun virus, we know that the U.S. government:
1) Extracts Ebola viruses from patients.
2) Claims to have "invented" that virus.
3) Files for monopoly patent protection on the virus.
To understand why this is happening, you have to first understand what a patent really is and why it exists. A patent is a government-enforced monopoly that is exclusively granted to persons or organizations. It allows that person or organization to exclusively profit from the "invention" or deny others the ability to exploit the invention for their own profit.
It brings up the obvious question here: Why would the U.S. government claim to have "invented" Ebola and then claim an exclusively monopoly over its ownership?
U.S. Government claims exclusive ownership over its "invention" of Ebola
The "SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION" section of the patent document also clearly claims that the U.S. government is claiming "ownership" over all Ebola viruses that share as little as 70% similarity with the Ebola it "invented":
Learn more: http://www.naturalnews.com/046290_Ebola_patent_vaccines_profit_motive.html##ixzz39nehqcjM
This is a call for an immediate, thorough, and independent investigation of Tulane University researchers (see here and here) and their Fort Detrick associates in the US biowarfare research community, who have been operating in West Africa during the past several years.
What exactly have they been doing?
Exactly what diagnostic tests have they been performing on citizens of Sierra Leone?
Why do we have reports that the government of Sierra Leone has recently told Tulane researchers to stop this testing?
Have Tulane researchers and their associates attempted any experimental treatments (e.g., injecting monoclonal antibodies) using citizens of the region? If so, what adverse events have occurred?
The research program, occurring in Sierra Leone, the Republic of Guinea, and Liberia—said to be the epicenter of the 2014 Ebola outbreak—has the announced purpose, among others, of detecting the future use of fever-viruses as bioweapons.
Is this purely defensive research? Or as we have seen in the past, is this research being covertly used to develop offensive bioweapons?
For the last several years, researchers from Tulane University have been active in the African areas where Ebola is said to have broken out in 2014.
These researchers are working with other institutions, one of which is USAMRIID, the US Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases, a well-known center for biowar research, located at Fort Detrick, Maryland.
In Sierra Leone, the Tulane group has been researching new diagnostic tests for hemorrhagic fevers.
Note: Lassa Fever, Ebola, and other labels are applied to a spectrum of illness that result in hemorrhaging.
Tulane researchers have also been investigating the use of monoclonal antibodies as a treatment for these fevers—but not on-site in Africa, according to Tulane press releases.
Here are excerpts from supporting documents.
Tulane University, Oct. 12, 2012, “Dean’s Update: Update on Lassa Fever Research” (.pdf here):
“In 2009, researchers received a five-year $7,073,538 grant from the National Institute of Health to fund the continued development of detection kits for Lassa viral hemorrhagic fever.
“Since that time, much has been done to study the disease. Dr. Robert Garry, Professor of Microbiology and Immunology, and Dr. James Robinson, Professor of Pediatrics, have been involved in the research of Lassa fever. Together the two have recently been able to create what are called human monoclonal antibodies. After isolating the B-cells from patients that have survived the disease, they have utilized molecular cloning methods to isolate the antibodies and reproduce them in the laboratory. These antibodies have been tested on guinea pigs at The University of Texas Medical Branch in Galveston and shown to help prevent them from dying of Lassa fever…
“Most recently, a new Lassa fever ward is being constructed in Sierra Leone at the Kenema Government Hospital. When finished, it will be better equipped to assist patients affected by the disease and will hopefully help to end the spread of it.” [The Kenema Hospital is one of the centers of the Ebola outbreak.]
Here is another release from Tulane University, this one dated Oct. 18, 2007. “New Test Moves Forward to Detect Bioterrorism Threats.”
“The initial round of clinical testing has been completed for the first diagnostic test kits that will aid in bioterrorism defense against a deadly viral disease. Tulane University researchers are collaborating in the project.
“Robert Garry, professor of microbiology and immunology at Tulane University, is principal investigator in a federally funded study to develop new tests for viral hemorrhagic fevers.
“Corgenix Medical Corp., a worldwide developer and marketer of diagnostic test kits, announced that the first test kits for detection of hemorrhagic fever have competed initial clinical testing in West Africa.
“The kits, developed under a $3.8 million grant awarded by the National Institutes of Health, involve work by Corgenix in collaboration with Tulane University, the U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases, BioFactura Inc. and Autoimmune Technologies.
“Clinical reports from the studies in Sierra Leone continue to show amazing results,” says Robert Garry, professor of microbiology and immunology at the Tulane University School of Medicine and principal investigator of the grant.
“We believe this remarkable collaboration will result in detection products that will truly have a meaningful impact on the healthcare in West Africa, but will also fill a badly needed gap in the bioterrorism defense.
“…The clinical studies are being conducted at the Mano River Union Lassa Fever Network in Sierra Leone. Tulane, under contract with the World Health Organization, implements the program in the Mano River Union countries (Sierra Leone, Liberia and Guinea) to develop national and regional prevention and control strategies for Lassa fever and other important regional diseases.
“Clinical testing on the new recombinant technology demonstrates that our collaboration is working,” says Douglass Simpson, president of Corgenix. “We have combined the skills of different parties, resulting in development of some remarkable test kits in a surprisingly short period of time. As a group we intend to expand this program to address other important infectious agents with both clinical health issues and threat of bioterrorism such as ebola.”
The third document is found on the Sierra Leone Ministry of Health and Sanitation Facebook page (no login required), dated July 23 at 1:35pm. It lays out emergency measures to be taken. We find this curious statement: “Tulane University to stop Ebola testing during the current Ebola outbreak.”
Why? Are the tests issuing false results? Are they frightening the population? Have Tulane researchers done something to endanger public health?
In addition to an investigation of these matters, another probe needs to be launched into all vaccine campaigns in the Ebola Zone. For example. HPV vaccine programs have been ongoing. Vials of vaccine must be tested to discover ALL ingredients. Additionally, it’s well known that giving vaccines to people whose immune systems are already severely compromised is dangerous and deadly.
Why Was Ebola ‘Miracle’ Drug Only Administered to 2 White Americans?
One of the things that made Ebola so terrifying was that it appeared there was no cure for the devastating disease. But a secret serum developed by a San Diego-based company may be an Ebola miracle cure, as it apparently saved the lives of the two Americans who contracted the disease in Liberia.
Amid the stunning media reports about the possible Ebola miracle drug, some observers are wondering why the drug was tried only when two white Americans contracted the disease, considering that Ebola has been wreaking havoc in West Africa for months. Ebola has been diagnosed in 1,600 people and killed more than 700 in Liberia, Sierra Leone and Guinea. It has thus far killed about 60 percent of those infected.
The World Health Organization told CNN it was not involved in the decision to give the drug to the Americans, who had to provide consent because the drug, called ZMapp, had only worked on primates and had never been tried on humans. Patrick Sawyer, a naturalized American originally from Liberia, died at a Nigerian hospital without receiving a dose of ZMapp.
The saga of how the drug made it to Liberia and was administered to the Americans—Dr. Kent Brantly and missionary Nancy Writebol—reads like something out of a Hollywood movie.
San Diego-based Mapp Biopharmaceutical has been working on an Ebola serum for several years with the National Institutes of Health and the Defense Threat Reduction Agency, an arm of the military responsible for countering weapons of mass destruction.
While it is well understood what happens to the human immunodeficiency virus -- the virus that causes AIDS -- once it is inside the human body, it remains unknown how HIV got into humans to become one of the world's worst plagues. Depending on whom you ask, the answer lies with monkey hunters in Africa or a polio vaccine given to people in the Congo in the 1950s.
The latter hypothesis is the subject of a documentary that premiered in the United States last week at the Tribeca Film Festival in New York City. The Origins of AIDS, directed by Peter Chappell and Catherine Peix, follows the evidence laid out by British journalist Edward Hooper in his 1999 book, The River. In it, Hooper proposed (based on nearly two decades of research) that one man's part in the race to create the polio vaccine launched the AIDS epidemic.
Hooper's conclusion, described by one biologist in the film as "medical science's worst-hated hypothesis" directly challenges the findings of other investigators who were interviewed for the documentary, but whose diverging opinions ended up on the cutting-room floor.
"The public doesn't hear my view, nor does it hear the view of anybody else who has doubts about this theory," said Beatrice Hahn, a professor of medicine at the University of Alabama at Birmingham. Hahn's work tracking chimpanzees in the forests of Africa has produced a conclusion that nearly everyone agrees upon: HIV originally came from chimpanzees.
But how and when the virus that infects chimpanzees -- simian immunodeficiency virus, or SIV -- became HIV is where Hooper and his detractors diverge.
Several scientists, Hahn included, pinpoint bushmeat hunting, an African practice during which hunters can incur bites or cuts while hunting or preparing wild animals (including chimpanzees) for food.
"From all the things we know, it's pretty clear that it crossed the species barrier naturally," said Dr. Michael Worobey, assistant professor of ecology and evolutionary biology at the University of Arizona, who has worked with Hahn to track the simian beginnings of HIV.
Hooper's theory, which forms the plot line of the documentary, argues against the bushmeat hypothesis. If bushmeat hunting was a historical practice, Hooper wondered, why did the AIDS epidemic only take off in the latter half of the 20th century? He found his answer in one of science's most noble endeavors: polio eradication.
The film profiles Dr. Hilary Koprowski, an American scientist racing Dr. Albert Sabin and Dr. Jonas Salk to create the polio vaccine, primarily in the 1950s. Koprowski tested his oral vaccine in the Belgian Congo. By mapping locations where the vaccinations were given and early cases of AIDS emerged, Hooper showed a geographic correlation between the two. The first documented case of HIV is from a blood sample taken in the Congo in 1959.
"The location coincides dramatically," wrote Hooper on his website. "The earliest known cases of AIDS occurred in central Africa, in the same regions where Koprowski's polio vaccine was given to over a million people in 1957-1960."
So, how could a vaccine give a monkey virus to humans? In the documentary, grainy archival footage of white-coated lab scientists shows the polio virus being grown in a soup of chopped-up monkey organs before it is made into a vaccine.
Hooper charges that during Koprowski's vaccination campaign, kidneys from chimpanzees infected with SIV were used to grow the virus. The film cites a historical precedent: Another anti-polio campaign in the 1950s injected millions of people with vaccines containing the monkey virus SV40, though none became ill from the injections.
[Note - According to many researchers and scientists, SV40-contaminated Salk polio vaccines have led to the cancer deaths (kidney and brain) of tens of millions of Americans. The statement above: 'though none became ill from the injections' is total disinformation. Furthermore, the evidence that HIV was created by the US DoD bioweapons program and its various research contractors is compelling and well-documented. See the works of Dr. Lorraine Day, MD, Dr. Robert Strecker, MD, Dr. Alan Cantwell, MD, and Dr. Len Horowitz among others. All of these issues were covered in my own book, AIDS Exposed, published in 1990. - ed]
Koprowski and scientists who worked with him deny that chimp kidneys were used. Independent testing of leftover samples of the vaccine in the United States, where it was produced using organs from other types of monkeys, showed no traces of chimp DNA or SIV. However, the documentary crew found several local workers in the Congo who allege that chimpanzee kidneys were harvested and may have been used to produce more vaccine locally. Samples actually used in the Congo are no longer available for testing.
But even if Hooper proves this allegation conclusively, his detractors say he must still show that SIV transferred to humans at the right time, from the right monkeys, carrying the right virus.
Bette Korber, a staff scientist at the Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico, has "collaborated" with a supercomputer named Nirvana to chart the genetic history of HIV. Looking at the mutations the virus experienced from the mid-1980s to 1999, Korber created a molecular clock to determine the rate at which HIV changes.
Using that rate and calculating backward, she and Nirvana dated the last common ancestor of HIV, the virus from which all present variations descended, to 1931. If Korber is right, the virus must have jumped from monkeys to humans before that date and well before Koprowski was trying out his vaccine. Korber published her results in the journal Nature in 2000.
While Korber and her computer contributed a time line to the debate, Hahn has traipsed through the jungles of Africa picking up chimp feces and urine. Analyzing those samples for genetic traces of SIV, she has found that different subspecies of chimpanzees harbor different variants of SIV, and only one of those variants is the likely ancestor of HIV-1, the virus responsible for infecting more than 60 million people worldwide.
"In 1999 we published a paper in Nature that said that not all chimpanzee viruses are the likely source of HIV-1, only those found in West Central Africa are," said Hahn. Hahn's findings place the probable origin of the epidemic west of Koprowski's vaccination campaign.
More recently, Hahn and Worobey published findings from a trip last year to the Democratic Republic of the Congo in the April 22, 2004, issue of Nature. The team went to the region where Koprowski's vaccine campaign was carried out and collected 97 fecal and urine samples. One contained genetic traces of SIV, but it was not the right kind. "It was on the wrong branch of the phylogenetic tree," said Worobey. "So instead of being a sister virus to HIV-1, it was a distant cousin."
Some investigators agree with Hooper.
"What Hooper got right was the timing," said Preston Marx, chairman of the microbiology and immunology division at the Tulane National Primate Research Center. "It looks like it mostly happened after World War II and into the early '60s." Since the bushmeat trade was in place well before that, Marx thinks human intervention must have created the rapid spread in the second half of the century.
Still, Marx doesn't believe that chimpanzee kidneys were used to make Koprowski's vaccine, and, even if they were, he is unsure that the virus, which normally requires blood-to-blood or blood-to-mucosal transmission, could be passed through organs used in a vaccine. READ MORE WITH VIDEO http://www.reunionblackfamily.com/apps/blog/show/42049631-the-origin-of-aids-is-the-polio-vaccine-dr-koprowski-tested-his-oral-vaccine-in-the-belgian-congo
|Posted by Reunionblackfamily. on July 26, 2014 at 5:20 PM||comments (0)|
In 2014, Harvard's Houghton Library confirmed a book in its collection, Des destinées de l'ame by Arsène Houssaye was bound in afrikans blood skin.
Anthropodermic bibliopegy is the practice of binding books in human skin. Though extremely uncommon in modern times, the technique dates back to at least the 17th century. The practice is inextricably connected with the practice of tanning human skin, often done in certain circumstances after a corpse has been dissected.
The trend for anthropodermic bibliopegy likely began in the late 16th and early 17th centuries, although the first reputed example, a French Bible, dates back to the 13th century.
Surviving historical examples of this technique include anatomy texts bound with the skin of dissected cadavers, volumes created as a bequest and bound with the skin of the testator (known as "autoanthropodermic bibliopegy"), and copies of judicial proceedings bound in the skin of the murderer convicted in those proceedings, such as in the case of John Horwood in 1821 and the Red Barn Murder in 1828.
The libraries of many universities include one or more samples of anthropodermic bibliopegy. The rare book collection at the Harvard Law School Library holds a book that was long believed to be bound in human skin, Practicarum quaestionum circa leges regias Hispaniae, a treatise on Spanish law, though testing on the binding has proven that it was bound in human skin
In 2014, Harvard's Houghton Library confirmed a book in its collection, Des destinées de l'ame by Arsène Houssaye was bound in African skin.
The John Hay Library's special books collection at Brown University contains three human-skin books, including a rare copy of De Humani Corporis Fabrica by Vesalius. The University of Pennsylvania medical school created a few human-skin books in the late 19th century.
The French astronomer Camille Flammarion's book Les terres du ciel (The Worlds of the Sky) (1877) was bound with the skin donated from a female admirer.
Some early copies of Dale Carnegie's Lincoln the Unknown were covered with jackets containing a patch of skin from an African American man, onto which the title had been embossed. A portion of the binding in the copy that is part of the collection of Temple University's Charles L. Blockson Collection was "taken from the skin of a Negro at a Baltimore Hospital and tanned by the Jewell Belting Company".
The National Library of Australia holds a book of 18th century poetry with the inscription "Bound in human skin" on the first page.
Another such book resides at the University of Georgia in the Richard B. Russell Special Collections Library.
Several anatomical volumes, including at least one belonging to and apparently prepared by the renowned anatomist Joseph Leidy (September 9, 1823 – April 30, 1891) are in the Mütter Museum of the College of Physicians of Philadelphia. As of August 2012, these volumes and samples of human-skin leather were on public display.
Moyses Hall, at Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk, England, contains a book said to be bound in the skin of murderer William Corder.
There is also a tradition of certain volumes of erotica being bound in human skin. Examples reported include a copy of the Marquis de Sade's Justine et Juliette bound in tanned skin from female breasts.:98 Other examples are known, with the feature of the intact human nipple on one or more of the boards of the book. Popular culture ...The binding of books in human skin is also a common element within horror films and works of fiction:
In H.P. Lovecraft's horror story "The Hound", the narrator and his friend St John, who are graverobbers, have a collection of macabre artefacts. Amongst them, "A locked portfolio, bound in tanned human skin, held certain unknown and unnameable drawings which it was rumoured Goya had perpetrated but dared not acknowledge."
In "The Eye of God" by James Rollins, Vigor receives a package from Father Josip Tarasco that contains a skull and an ancient book bound in human skin.
P. C. Hodgell's Kencyr series features "the Book Bound in Pale Leather", which appears to be bound in living human skin.
Peter Greenaway's 1996 film The Pillow Book contains a sequence in which the body of a writer's lover is exhumed by an obsessed publisher; and his skin, which she wrote upon after his death, is painstakingly tanned and bound into a book.
In the Evil Dead series of films and comic books originally created by Sam Raimi, a fictional Sumerian book called the Necronomicon Ex-Mortis is bound in human skin and inked with human blood.
The video game Eternal Darkness: Sanity's Requiem centers around a book called the Tome of Eternal Darkness which is bound in human flesh.
Chuck Palahniuk's novel Lullaby features a book bound in human skin called The Grimoire.
Mayhem's 1994 album De Mysteriis Dom Sathanas references books bound in human skin in the title track.
In the episode "Like a Virgin" of the TV series Supernatural, the book containing the spell to release the Mother of All is printed on Negro skin.
In the Disney movie Hocus Pocus, the eldest Sanderson sister's (played by Bette Midler) fictional spellbook is bound in a patchwork of human skin with an enchanted, moving human eye embedded in the cover.
In the video game Shadow Hearts one of the characters is able to use a book bound from human skin as a weapon.
The titular book in the Canadian television series Todd and the Book of Pure Evil is allegedly bound in Negro skin.
|Posted by Reunionblackfamily. on July 25, 2014 at 11:05 AM||comments (0)|
Mandela Speaking on Palestine
REFERENCES MADE BY NELSON MANDELA
PLO: The Palestine Liberation Organisation (PLO) was created in 1964 with the purpose of advancing the struggle for Palestinian self determination. The PLO is recognised as the "sole legitimate representative of the Palestinian people" by over 100 countries with which it holds diplomatic relations. Like South Africa's (now ruling ANC) the PLO was considered by the United States and Israel to be a terrorist organisation until 1991. In 1993 Israel officially recognised the PLO as the representative of the Palestinian people.
YASSER ARAFAT: Late leader of the Palestinian people as well as chairman of the PLO.
ABOUT THE VIDEO
- 1990 Town Hall Meeting with Nelson Mandela on Palestine, Cuba and other issues
The above video is from a 1990 town hall meeting, held in New York City and chaired by Ted Koppel of ABC Networks (click here to watch the video on YouTube). The meeting formed part Nelson Mandela's first visit to the USA immediately following his release from prison.
A significant part of the town hall meeting focused on Nelson Mandela's advocating (on behalf of the African National Congress and the larger South African liberation struggle) for sanctions to be applied against Apartheid South Africa, his and the ANC's support for the Palestine Liberation Organisation (PLO) as well as his close friendship with Yasser Arafat (of Palestine) and Fidel Castro (of Cuba).
The town hall meeting took place in 1990, long before the world had embraced Nelson Mandela as a "giant of justice". However, even then, when it may have been unfashionable and unpopular to support the Palestinians against, what Mandela termed, Israeli "colonialism", Mandela stood firm and resolute on his principles and the policies of the ANC - Mandela was, after all, conveying the long-standing positions held by the ANC and the larger South African liberation movement.
Nelson Mandela supported the Palestinian struggle when it was unfashionable and unpopular, he was a true leader. Hamba Kahle Tata
|Posted by Reunionblackfamily. on July 25, 2014 at 10:55 AM||comments (0)|
Top 11 Companies That Surprisingly Collaborated With the Nazis
That's up to you. I'm just puttin' the information out here. Here are top 11 companies that you may not realize collaborated with the Nazis.
Kodak. During World War Two, Kodak's German branch used slave laborers from concentration camps. Several of their other European branches did heavy business with the Nazi government.
And Wilhelm Keppler, one of Hitler's top economic advisers, had deep ties in Kodak. When Nazism began, Keppler advised Kodak and several other U.S. companies that they'd benefit by firing all of their Jewish employees. (Source: The Nation)
Hugo Boss. In the 1930s, Hugo Boss started making Nazi uniforms. The reason: Hugo Boss himself had joined the Nazi party, and got a contract to make the Hitler Youth, storm trooper and SS uniforms.
That was a huge boon for Hugo Boss... he got the contract just eight years after founding his company... and that infusion of business helped take the company to another level.
The Nazi uniform manufacturing went so well that Hugo Boss ended up needing to bring in slave laborers in Poland and France to help out at the factory.
In 1997, Hugo's son, Siegfried Boss, told an Austrian news magazine, "Of course my father belonged to the Nazi party. But who didn't belong back then?" (Source: New York Times)
Volkswagen. Ferdinand Porsche, the man behind Volkswagen and Porsche, met with Hitler in 1934, to discuss the creation of a "people's car." (That's the English translation of Volkswagen.)
Hitler told Porsche to make the car with a streamlined shape, "like a beetle." And that's the genesis of the Volkswagen Beetle... it wasn't just designed for the Nazis, Hitler NAMED it.
During World War Two, it's believed that as many as four out of every five workers at Volkswagen's plants were slave laborers. Ferdinand Porsche even had a direct connection to Heinrich Himmler, one of the leaders of the SS, to directly request slaves from Auschwitz. (Source: The Straight Dope)
Bayer. During the Holocaust, a German company called IG Farben manufactured the Zyklon B gas used in the Nazi gas chambers. They also funded and helped with Josef Mengele's "experiments" on concentration camp prisoners.
IG Farben is the company that turned the single largest profit from work with the Nazis. After the War, the company was broken up. Bayer was one of its divisions, and went on to become its own company.
Oh... and aspirin was founded by a Bayer employee, Arthur Eichengrun. But Eichengrun was Jewish, and Bayer didn't want to admit that a Jewish guy created the one product that keeps their company in business. So, to this day, Bayer officially gives credit to Felix Hoffman, a nice Aryan man, for inventing aspirin. (Source: Alliance for Human Research Protection, Pharmaceutical Achievers)
Siemens. Siemens took slave laborers during the Holocaust and had them help construct the gas chambers that would kill them and their families. Good people over there.
Siemens also has the single biggest post-Holocaust moment of insensitivity of any of the companies on this list. In 2001, they tried to trademark the word "Zyklon" (which means "cyclone" in German) to become the name a new line of products... including a line of gas ovens.
Zyklon, of course, being the name of the poison gas used in their gas chambers during the Holocaust.
A week later, after several watchdog groups appropriately freaked out, Siemens withdrew the application. They said they never drew the connection between the Zyklon B gas used during the Holocaust and their proposed Zyklon line of products. (Source: BBC)
Coca-Cola, specifically Fanta. Coke played both sides during World War Two... they supported the American troops but also kept making soda for the Nazis. Then, in 1941, the German branch of Coke ran out of syrup, and couldn't get any from America because of wartime restrictions.
So they invented a new drink, specifically for the Nazis: A fruit-flavored soda called Fanta.
That's right: Long before Fanta was associated with a bunch of exotic women singing a god-awful jingle, it was the unofficial drink of Nazi Germany. (Source: New Statesman)
Ford. Henry Ford is a pretty legendary anti-Semite, so this makes sense. He was Hitler's most famous foreign backer. On his 75th birthday, in 1938, Ford received a Nazi medal, designed for "distinguished foreigners."
He profiteered off both sides of the War -- he was producing vehicles for the Nazis AND for the Allies.
I'm wondering if, in a completely misguided piece of logic, Allianz points to the Detroit Lions giving Ford the naming rights to their stadium as a reason why they should get the rights to the Meadowlands. (Source: Reformed Theology)
Standard Oil. The Luftwaffe needed tetraethyl lead gas in order to get their planes off the ground. Standard Oil was one of only three companies that could manufacture that type of fuel. So they did.
Without them, the German air force never could've even gotten their planes off the ground.
When Standard Oil was dissolved as a monopoly, it led to ExxonMobil, Chevron and BP, all of which are still around today. (But fortunately, their parent company's past decision to make incredible profits off of war have not carried on.) (Source: MIT's Thistle)
Chase bank. A lot of banks sided with the Nazis during World War Two. Chase is the most prominent.
They froze European Jewish customers' accounts and were extremely cooperative in providing banking service to Germany. (Source: New York Times)
IBM. IBM custom-build machines for the Nazis that they could use to track everything... from oil supplies to train schedules into death camps to Jewish bank accounts to individual Holocaust victims themselves.
In September of 1939, when Germany invaded Poland, the "New York Times" reported that three million Jews were going to be "immediately removed" from Poland and were likely going to be "exterminat[ed]."
IBM's reaction? An internal memo saying that, due to that "situation", they really needed to step up production on high-speed alphabetizing equipment. (Source: CNet)
Random House publishing. Random House's parent company, Bertelsmann A.G., worked for the Nazis... they published Hitler propaganda, and a book called "Sterilization and Euthanasia: A Contribution to Applied Christian Ethics".
Bertelsmann still owns and operates several companies. I picked Random House because they drew controversy in 1997 when they decided to expand the definition of Nazi in Webster's Dictionary.
Eleven years ago, they added the colloquial, softened definition of "a person who is fanatically dedicated to or seeks to control a specified activity, practice, etc." (Think "Soup Nazi".)
The Anti-Defamation League called that expanded definition offensive... especially when added by a company with Nazi ties... they said it, quote, "trivializes and denies the murderous intent and actions of the Nazi regime... it also cheapens the language by allowing people to reach for a quick word fix... [and] lends a helping hand to those whose aim is to prove that the Nazis were really not such terrible people." (Source: New York Observer, ADL)
Yet, we worry about whether we can work for one of these corporations and then complain about racism all over the world, and Western Europe - Instead of working to create and support our own corporations who would not discriminate against any people found on this Earth and even regardless of possessing the history of torturing a race of people for four hundred years, and wiping out a whole continent of people from this Earth, and the taking of their land to create a country - to the point that now they act like this always has been the United States of America..
Bill Gates has publicly stated his population control agenda involves decreasing the number of Africans, and has acquired significant shareholder statue with Monsanto. Thanks to the New Alliance for Food and Nutrition Security, he now has a say in what Africans will eat. To add insult to injury, he also uses his considerable influence and connections with The GAVI Alliance (Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization) and Rockefeller foundation to strong arm African governments into allowing him to arbitrarily vaccinate African children, despite public outrage over deaths of thousands of vaccine recipients.
In conclusion, I would like to say : After all they have done to Africans; Africa cannot afford to trust the food, medicine and vaccinations the West provide it with. They do not have humanitarian or altruistic intentions. At best they seek a market for their inferior /outdated products, and at worst they are using Africans as guinea pigs for their drugs and biological weapons.
|Posted by sjaugu on July 8, 2014 at 3:40 PM||comments (0)|
African history month is 24 - 7, constituting every day, week and month in the year. And each MONTH will have a different theme.
The theme for July 2014 is African Independence Month. To set the scenario, let us go back to the 17th century around the time African slaves were being introduced into the Americas (1619). Africa was a large sprawling continent without national definition. Politics were controlled by African Kingdom leaders. The power of these leaders was dependent on their ability to conquer and control land mass, prisoners (slaves) and other available resources.
The African Kingdom leaders were constantly at war with their neighbors in order to maintain and increase their power through conquest of additional land with its accompanied resources. Europe was in its height of seeking world domination. Large portions of Asia fell under European colonialism. The major powers of Europe were now scheming on how to conquer and colonize the Americas and Africa. Both land masses, Africa and America, did not have strong political or military bases to provide infrastructure or protection against the European invaders.
The powers to be in Europe took advantage of the lack of unity and purpose of the tribal structure of the African communities. They began to carve up Africa for themselves. In 1884, the European powers convened a conference in Berlin, Germany. The purpose of the conference was to divide Africa into colonial partitions, which would be controlled by Europe.
The case for an African Independence Month begins with the Berlin Conference in 1884. European countries started partitioning Africa until around 1905; by that time, all the lands and resources of the continent were completely divided and colonized. More specifically, the countries were Belgium, Germany, Italy, England, Portugal and France. At that time, England and France benefited, and they also had the most colonies in Asia. Collectively, the labor and raw resources were the keys to the European countries' industrial development, and the political/economic control of Africa by Europe, via the Berlin conference of 1884, lasted until 1939, the advent of World War II.
World War II was fought over the control of the world’s raw resources. These countries were Germany, Italy and Japan (the Axis) versus Europe's, France, England and the United States (the Allies). Consequently, the winner would inherit control of the colonies. Moreover, at the beginning of World War II, the allies had full possession of the colonies in both Africa and Asia. The war was among the industrial powers fighting for control of the African and Asian colonies.
The Allies resorted to recruit from African communities, along with, Asian colonies to support their war effort. In the process, promises were made of equality and social changes in the United States, as well as, the Caribbean islands, together with some form of independence for the African and Asiatic colonies. By utilizing these tactics their recruitment campaign was successful.
Members of the Diaspora communities were excited about the prospects of social improvements, and at the same time, Africans colonies were overwhelmed with the prospect of independence. A short time after the war ended, reality set in, and the African communities were grossly disappointed when they realized no change was coming.
When World War II was concluded, the allies had possession of the colonies in both Africa and Asia, but due to the intense fighting in Europe among themselves, Europe’s infrastructures were completely destroyed. Their economies were in shambles, which exposed their vulnerability. This presented opportunities for countries in Asia and Africa to break away from colonialism. What followed was a wave of countries in Africa and Asia demanding independence. Either they negotiated or fought for it, nevertheless. It spelled the end of conventional colonialism. Moreover, in the Americas, the Civil Rights movement was born. This led to unprecedented social changes.
The Asian nations were the first to take the initiative. One by one they declared their independence. There was the lack of social justice in the Americas along with no sight of independence in Africa. These disappointments ushered in the Civil Rights movement in the United States, and at the same time, Africans began the fight for their independence. During that process great leaders evolved, such as, Kwame Nkrumah, Jomo Kenyatta, Patrice Lumumba, Julius Nyerere, Sékou Touré, Thomas Sankara, Steve Biko, Nelson Mandela and many others. These countries over time slowly gained their independence individually.
The road to African independence was very hard and tortuous often through bloody fights, revolts and assassinations. The peak year for independence came in 1960 when about 17 nations gained independence. Overall there are scores of independence days that are now celebrated in Africa during different days, and months throughout the year. The end of World War II was significant because a score of Africans Independence Day's was created.
The case for an African Independence Month would be the culmination of all the African Independence days to be celebrated in one particular month. We have selected every July to be that month. It would be beneficial for all African communities to learn about the struggles for victory together within one forum. With modern-day technology, an African Independence Month is feasible. During July, all the African countries can celebrate, and share these great accomplishments within one forum.
The Slave Kingdoms documentary
Henry Louis Gates Jr.
How Europe Underdeveloped Africa
Slavery, Colonialism and Racism
Edited by Sidney W. Mintz
The Scramble for Africa
Michael T Klare
|Posted by Reunionblackfamily. on July 4, 2014 at 7:00 AM||comments (0)|
Dialogue or Civil War
With; US-support, a selfish leader sacrifices the whole country for his fame
By Wangüi Munyi - Vanselow
For more than a decade, one man has taken hostage a whole country. Sometimes he strangles it more sometimes less. Now the time has come again and the whole country stares at Raila Odinga like the rabbit at the snake. Meanwhile the Kenyan people begin to understand who supports him in the background.
This photo was taken in 2007 post election violence which left many dead and thousands displaced
„No Raila, No Peace“, that is how his supporters shouted after the 2007-election in the streets of Nairobi. At that time it was a political demand, but looking back now at the last decade it was rather a political analysis. It is nothing but the truth: Without Raila in an extraordinary government position ( either Prime Minister or President) there is really no peace in Kenya! Why? Because he believes that he has a kind of inborn right to be such a leader. For this right he mobilises the masses for any reason. And the masses like to follow him regardless what it is all about. Rallies, rallies, rallies at any time.
Lets look back at the year 2005. At that time Kenya was busy in making a new constitution, the so called Wako-Bill. Kenya had to decide in a referendum on it. That bill wanted a prime minister who had basically no powers. What happened? Raila mobilised the masses on the streets for weeks, until the bill was rejected in that referendum. A strong prime minister in the new constitution was the most important thing that Kenya needed.
Five years later, the same issue was not important anymore. The Constitution of 2010 had even no more place for a prime minister at all within the Kenyan political system. Raila and ODM agreed. Five years earlier they had created an impression that the country will not survive without a prime minister.
With the election of 2007 it also became very clear who Railas supporters are. The assistance came from the United States. It was the former US-Presidential advisor Dick Morris who made the same plan for Kenya that he had made for Ukraine before. The advice was: Make exit polls, doubt the election results, mobilize the masses and create chaos in the whole country. It worked very well. The result was more the thousand dead people and half a million displaced. The plan went on: The international community demanded a national dialogue and as a result Raila became prime minister of Kenya.
After that Kenya had a good and peaceful time. Not because anything improved for the people. The new government did not fight insecurity, corruption or the high costs of living.
But Raila was the leader he always wanted to be. He travelled and met presidents abroad. With the exception of the above mentioned referendum, there was no need for mass action.
Raila was satisfied and the US as well. Prime Minister was a good steppingstone for the next presidential elections. For these elections there was also an early support by the international community. It was the ICC that interfered. The ICC did not accuse Raila, who brought the country to a civil war. Instead, it accused Railas election rival Uhuru Kenyatta, whose Kikuyu people had suffered most in the post-election violence.
During the election campaign he was marked with the label “Accused for crimes against humanity”. In the western world he was considered as an outlaw.
Before and during the election the United States supported Raila. The American Ambassador Ranneberger even made something like his own campaign in the whole country, giving out money and mobilising his “Youth for Kenya”. On top of that, the Assistant US Foreign Minister Jonny Carson threatened the Kenyan people that “choices have consequences”. That was a diplomatic interference in the internal affairs of a country on the highest level. With all this support, Railas dream to become president was about to become true.
But then two things happened, which neither Raila nor the US had foreseen: 1. Raila lost the elections. 2. The international and the African observers said the elections were transparent and credible. After that, there was no chance to go to the streets and mobiles the masses.
Then it became very quiet about Raila. Only the ODM Party-elections brought him back to the news. “Men in black” destroyed the ballot papers and the ballot boxes. It exposed that the high democratic standards he had always claimed for Kenya do not exist in his party.
Somehow there was a feeling that Raila is preparing to retire. But then came a spurpise. It was a big PR-strategy and it became the final countdown. It started in the United States – where else. Raila was invited by the University of Boston to join its “African Presidential Centre”. That was definitely the place where he belongs. Then he started to comment from far about the events in Kenya. It continued with „Baba, while you were away“. Finally there was only one solution: Raila had to come back and save the country. It became the return of a hero, a modern time entry into Jerusalem.
Now he started doing astonishing things: He declares public holidays and calls for a general strike on Saba Saba day. He demands form government to hold a national dialogue with him and gives an ultimatum. He threatens with consequences if that ultimatum is not met. And he declares that not him but the government will be responsible for these consequences.
It is quite interesting how Raila uses and interprets the new Constitution for his plan. He says he is acting on behalf of the people, who according to the Constitution, hold the sovereign power. He also says it was the same power of the people that he was using to call for national dialogue. That means, according to his understanding, the power of the people must have already shifted to him though some kind of miracle. That is probably why he feels he has the right to demand all kind of things.
Of course in Kenya – like in all other democracies – the people hold the sovereign power. And last year the people have elected a president in accordance with the new Constitution. But it was not Raila who was elected. CORD was given the important task of opposition in parliament. And that is their platform to raise issues. Like any other group in the country, the opposition is allowed to hold peaceful demonstrations in order to address an issue.
But there are things that the opposition can not do according to the new Constitution: It can not declare public holidays and it can not call for a general strike. Above all, the opposition has no right to demand a national dialogue by ultimatum and it has no right to threaten with any consequences, if this dialogue does not happen. All that has nothing to do with the new Constitution!
Anyway, the idea behind this “national dialogue” the following: The country is in such a deep crisis that only a national dialogue is able to save it. Of course, such a dialogue will directly lead to a “Government of National Unity” in a next step.
But what is this specific crisis today? There are many problems, of course, but they have been there ever since because nobody is approaching them. There has been always insecurity, there has been always corruption and life has been never cheap. Even big terror attacks happened long time ago. When Raila was Prime Minister he never highlighted these issues and never tried to change all that.
A national dialogue and a government of national unity is meant to save a country that in a serious crisis or is about to break down. Countries that need such a dialogue at the moment are Iraq, Syria, Ukraine and South Sudan, to name just a few. Kenya is not among them.
The only crisis in Kenya at the moment is Railas threat to create a crisis on Monday. The consequences that he is talking about, if there is no dialogue might soon create a real crisis in Kenya. People have already started to leave their homes because of fear. It has the potential to become more terrible than the 2007 post-election violence.
If Kenya burns again, if thousands are killed and hundreds of thousands have to leave their homes, then the western world led by the United States will interfere in order to end this “tribal bloodshed”. They will demand and enforce yet another “National Dialogue” and a second “Government of National Unity”.
|Posted by Reunionblackfamily. on July 4, 2014 at 4:00 AM||comments (3)|
Frederick Douglass' 4th of July Speech:
“What to the Slave is the Fourth of July?”
July 5, 1852 Rochester, New York *[See full text] ....Fellow Citizens: Pardon me, and allow me to ask, why am I called to speak here today? What have I or those I represent to do with your national independence? Are the great principles of political freedom and natural justice, embodied in that Declaration of Independence, extended to us? And am I, therefore, called upon to bring our humble offering to the national altar, and to confess the benefits, and express devout gratitude for the blessings resulting from your independence to us?
Would to God, both for your sakes and ours, that an affirmative answer could be truthfully returned to these questions. Then would my task be light, and my burden easy and delightful. For who is there so cold that a nation's sympathy could not warm him? Who so obdurate and dead to claims of gratitude, that would not thankfully acknowledge such priceless benefits? Who so stolid and selfish that would not give his voice to swell the hallelujahs of a nation's jubilee, when the chains of servitude had been torn from his limbs? I am not that man. In a case like that, the dumb might eloquently speak, and the "lame man leap like as an hart."
But such is not the state of the case. I say it with a sad sense of disparity between us. I am not included within the pale of this glorious anniversary. Your high independence only reveals the immeasurable distance between us. The blessings in which you this day rejoice are not enjoyed in common. The rich inheritance of justice, liberty, prosperity, and independence bequeathed by your fathers is shared by you, not by me. The sunlight that brought life and healing to you has brought stripes and death to me. This Fourth of July is yours, not mine. You may rejoice, I must mourn. To drag a man in fetters into the grand illuminated temple of liberty, and call upon him to join you in joyous anthems, were inhuman mockery and sacrilegious irony. Do you mean, citizens, to mock me, by asking me to speak today? If so, there is a parallel to your conduct. And let me warn you, that it is dangerous to copy the example of a nation whose crimes, towering up to heaven, were thrown down by the breath of the Almighty, burying that nation in irrecoverable ruin. I can today take up the lament of a peeled and woe-smitten people.
By the rivers of Babylon, there we sat down. Yes! We wept when we remembered Zion. We hanged our harps upon the willows in the midst thereof. For there they that carried us away captive, required of us a song and they who wasted us, required of us mirth, saying, Sing us one of songs of Zion. How can we sing the Lord's song in a strange land?: "If I forget thee, O Jerusalem, let my right hand forget her cunning. If I do not remember thee, let my tongue cleave to the roof of my mouth."
Fellow citizens, above your national, tumultuous joy, I hear the mournful wail of millions, whose chains, heavy and grievous yesterday, are today rendered more intolerable by the jubilant shouts that reach them. If I do forget, if I do not remember those bleeding children of sorrow this day, "may my right hand forget her cunning, and may my tongue cleave to the roof of my mouth!" To forget them, to pass lightly over their wrongs, and to chime in with the popular theme, would be treason most scandalous and shocking, and would make me a reproach before God and the world.
My subject, then, fellow citizens, is "American Slavery." I shall see this day and its popular characteristics from the slave's point of view. Standing here, identified with the American bondman, making his wrongs mine, I do not hesitate to declare, with all my soul, that the character and conduct of this nation never looked blacker to me than on this Fourth of July. Whether we turn to the declarations of the past, or to the professions of the present, the conduct of the nation seems equally hideous and revolting. America is false to the past, false to the present, and solemnly binds herself to be false to the future. Standing with God and the crushed and bleeding slave on this occasion, I will, in the name of humanity, which is outraged, in the name of liberty, which is fettered, in the name of the Constitution and the Bible, which are disregarded and trampled upon, dare to call in question and to denounce, with all the emphasis I can command, everything that serves to perpetuate slavery-the great sin and shame of America "I will not equivocate; I will not excuse"; I will use the severest language I can command, and yet not one word shall escape me that any man, whose judgment is not blinded by prejudice, or who is not at heart a slave-holder, shall not confess to be right and just.
But I fancy I hear some of my audience say it is just in this circumstance that you and your brother Abolitionists fail to make a favorable impression on the public mind. Would you argue more and denounce less, would you persuade more and rebuke less, your cause would be much more likely to succeed. But, I submit, where all is plain there is nothing to be argued. What point in the anti-slavery creed would you have me argue? On what branch of the subject do the people of this country need light? Must I undertake to prove that the slave is a man? That point is conceded already. Nobody doubts it. The slave-holders themselves acknowledge it in the enactment of laws for their government. They acknowledge it when they punish disobedience on the part of the slave. There are seventy-two crimes in the State of Virginia, which, if committed by a black man (no matter how ignorant he be), subject him to the punishment of death; while only two of these same crimes will subject a white man to like punishment. What is this but the acknowledgment that the slave is a moral, intellectual, and responsible being?
The manhood of the slave is conceded. It is admitted in the fact that Southern statute-books are covered with enactments, forbidding, under severe fines and penalties, the teaching of the slave to read and write. When you can point to any such laws in reference to the beasts of the field, then I may consent to argue the manhood of the slave. When the dogs in your streets, when the fowls of the air, when the cattle on your hills, when the fish of the sea, and the reptiles that crawl, shall be unable to distinguish the slave from a brute, then I will argue with you that the slave is a man!
For the present it is enough to affirm the equal manhood of the Negro race. Is it not astonishing that, while we are plowing, planting, and reaping, using all kinds of mechanical tools, erecting houses, constructing bridges, building ships, working in metals of brass, iron, copper, silver, and gold; that while we are reading, writing, and ciphering, acting as clerks, merchants, and secretaries, having among us lawyers, doctors, ministers, poets, authors, editors, orators, and teachers; that while we are engaged in all the enterprises common to other men-digging gold in California, capturing the whale in the Pacific, feeding sheep and cattle on the hillside, living, moving, acting, thinking, planning, living in families as husbands, wives, and children, and above all, confessing and worshiping the Christian God, and looking hopefully for life and immortality beyond the grave-we are called upon to prove that we are men?
Would you have me argue that man is entitled to liberty? That he is the rightful owner of his own body? You have already declared it. Must I argue the wrongfulness of slavery? Is that a question for republicans? Is it to be settled by the rules of logic and argumentation, as a matter beset with great difficulty, involving a doubtful application of the principle of justice, hard to understand? How should I look today in the presence of Americans, dividing and subdividing a discourse, to show that men have a natural right to freedom, speaking of it relatively and positively, negatively and affirmatively? To do so would be to make myself ridiculous, and to offer and insult to your understanding. There is not a man beneath the canopy of heaven who does not know that slavery is wrong for him.
What! Am I to argue that it is wrong to make men brutes, to rob them of their liberty, to work them without wages, to keep them ignorant of their relations to their fellow men, to beat them with sticks, to flay their flesh with the last, to load their limbs with irons, to hunt them with dogs, to sell them at auction, to sunder their families, to knock out their teeth, to burn their flesh, to starve them into obedience and submission to their masters? Must I argue that a system thus marked with blood and stained with pollution is wrong? No; I will not. I have better employment for my time and strength than such arguments would imply.
What, then, remains to be argued? Is it that slavery is not divine; that God did not establish it; that our doctors of divinity are mistaken? There is blasphemy in the thought. That which is inhuman cannot be divine. Who can reason on such a proposition? They that can, may; I cannot. The time for such argument is past.
At a time like this, scorching irony, not convincing argument, is needed. Oh! had I the ability, and could I reach the nation's ear, I would today pour out a fiery stream of biting ridicule, blasting reproach, withering sarcasm, and stern rebuke. For it is not light that is needed, but fire; it is not the gentle shower, but thunder. We need the storm, the whirlwind, and the earthquake. The feeling of the nation must be quickened; the conscience of the nation must be roused; the propriety of the nation must be startled; the hypocrisy of the nation must be exposed; and its crimes against God and man must be denounced.
What to the American slave is your Fourth of July I answer, a day that reveals to him more than all other days of the year, the gross injustice and cruelty to which he is the constant victim. To him your celebration is a sham; your boasted liberty an unholy license; your national greatness, swelling vanity; your sounds of rejoicing are empty and heartless; your denunciation of tyrants, brass-fronted impudence; your shouts of liberty and equality, hollow mockery; your prayers and hymns, your sermons and thanksgivings, with all your religious parade and solemnity, are to him mere bombast, fraud, deception, impiety, and hypocrisy's thin veil to cover up crimes which would disgrace a nation of savages. There is not a nation of the earth guilty of practices more shocking and bloody than are the people of these United States at this very hour.
Go where you may, search where you will, roam through all the monarchies and despotisms of the Old World, travel through South America, search out every abuse and when you have found the last, lay your facts by the side of the every-day practices of this nation, and you will say with me that, for revolting barbarity and shameless hypocrisy, America reigns without a rival.
|Posted by Reunionblackfamily. on July 3, 2014 at 2:30 PM||comments (0)|
MUGABE ORDERS WHITE FARMERS OFF OF LAND
Yesterday, Zimbabwe President Robert Mugabe told the remaining White landowners in his country to get out:
Speaking to farmers in Mhangura, a small mining town about 120 miles north of the capital Harare, Mr. Mugabe, said all remaining white farmers should leave .
“I have been given a list of 35 White farmers in Mashonaland West alone and in just a few districts that have been audited. We say no to Whites owning our land and they should go.”
President Mugabe then went on to clarify what Whites could actually own in his homeland, “They can own companies and apartments in our towns and cities but not the soil. It is ours and that message should ring loud and clear in Britain and the United States.”
Clearly just warming up, President Mugabe then turned his sights on Former British Prime Minister Tony Blair, calling him a “boy from the streets.”
“We had an agreement with the Margaret Thatcher government and when Tony Blair came he reneged on that agreement. I pleaded with him to review his decision but he was a boy from the street with no experience so he stuck to his guns,” said the veteran leader.
“I was not amused and told him to keep his England and we would keep our Zimbabwe. We will not pay for our land and we will not ask our people to pay for it because they never paid for it in the first place.
“They were selling to each other among themselves, and we will not recognise any of that nonsense. They were living like kings and queens on our land and we chucked them out. Now we want all of it.”
Whites came from Europe and South Africa in the 1890s. The Land Apportionment Act of 1930 divided the lands by tribes: Whites, Shona, and Ndebele. And while traditionally, Africans shared the lands communally, the new laws that favored Whites made it nearly impossible for Africans to get financing, equipment, and training to farm large plots of land.
But Whites, who obviously already had a mastery of Western land ideology, understood title deeds to land and were consequently able to buy and develop large areas of land for commercial farming businesses.
Their Western and White advantage led to other advantages, such as prime land in the fertile upland region, and not surprisingly, the White population flourished.
Meanwhile, Africans were regulated to low rainfall areas, forcing 99 percent of the population on to 25 percent of the land.
By 1979, Whites consisted of only 5 percent of the population, with only 4,500 farmers, but owned 70 percent of the fertile land.
Mugabe came to power on the heels of the Lancaster House Agreement in 1980, which stated that Mugabe couldn’t make any land reform changes for 10 years.
After decades of stops and starts in attempting to redistribute land back to Africans, by 2000, Zimbabwe government instituted the Fast-Track Land Reform Program, violently forcing mostly White farmers off their lands without compensation — earlier iterations of land reform ensured that Whites would be compensated for the lands they occupied.
The government reportedly seized 110,000 square kilometers of land and millions of Black farmers were said to have become unemployed.
By 2005, the Parliament agreed to nationalizing all farmland, silencing farmers who wanted to contest the land grab in court.
Today, the benefits of redistributing land among Africans cannot be comprehensively considered for two prime reasons: many of the beneficiaries of land that was formerly “owned” by Whites have reportedly had little experience in managing commercial farmland properly; this fact has supposedly caused crop production to plummet in the country. In addition, the United States froze the nation’s credit once the Fast Track Land Reform was passed, almost immediately cutting Zimbabwe’s trade surplus deficit of $322 million in 2001 to a deficit of $18 million by 2002.